shall be considered an attack against them all. Consequently theyagree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defense will assist the Party orParties being attacked, individually and in concert with the otherParties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armedforce, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area. This attack was mainly Soviet attack. Though the Soviet threat of attack is gone since 1991, the question of collective security Still exists. The world is still facing different threatslike terrorism, fundamentalism. Probability of rising of some other stateagainst USA is also an important issue. And that’s why NATO stillexists.
NATO’s activities in the post cold war era: KeyEvents
NATO began to change to a limited degree in the late 1980s as a resultof the easing of the Cold War.41 The number and scale of allianceexercises declined as Gorbachev’s Soviet Union reduced its militarypresence in Europe, arms control negotiations increased in numberand scope, and the opposing alliances initiated a process of confidence-building measures. NATO also shifted its nuclear strategyindirectly, as a result of the U.S.-Soviet Intermediate-range NuclearForces Treaty of 1987, which eliminated a class of nuclear weaponsthat had been integral to the alliance’s strategy For crediblythreatening nuclear escalation.NATO’s real transformation began with the London Declaration of 1990, which stated that the alliance did not consider the Soviet Unionand Warsaw Pact adversaries and invited them to establish diplomaticcontacts with NATO. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact in1991 removed the
main adversary of NATO. This caused astrategic re-evaluation of NATO's purpose, nature and tasks. In practicethis ended up entailing a gradual (and still ongoing) expansion of NATOto Eastern Europe, as well as the extension of its activities to areasthat had not formerly been NATO concerns. The first post-Cold Warexpansion of NATO came with the reunification of Germany on 3October 1990, when the former East Germany became part of theFederal Republic of Germany and the alliance. This had been agreed inthe Two Plus Four Treaty earlier in the year. To secure Soviet approval