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Popular Mechanics - Curing Oven

Popular Mechanics - Curing Oven

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Published by sonofsilas

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Published by: sonofsilas on Jan 30, 2010
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05/11/2013

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 By Harold P. Strand 
T
HERE are many uses for an electricoven of the industrial type in smallshop and laboratories, where moderatebaking temperatures, accurately con-trolled, are necessary. Small parts, Whichhave been painted or lacquered often re-quire baking. Damp or wet pieces of equip-ment may require drying out. Windings,after dipping in insulating varnish, need acertain amount of baking. Then too, anoven may be required in laboratory work of a special nature. The oven illustratedwas built in an electrical engineeringlaboratory and has proven invaluable.Measuring 24x18x16 in., this oven is smallenough to be used on the bench, yet it willaccommodate quite a bit of work. Heat isprovided by two 350 watt strip heaters,which are mounted to the inside surface of the oven, at each side and quite near thebottom. Control is provided by a FenwalThermoswitch, which is mounted on theend of the oven. This device has a brass
140
tube projecting into the oven space inwhich thermal contracts are built. With anarrangement of a dial and knob, as shown,it is possible to accurately control a rangeof settings to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.The material used for the sides, top andbottom of the oven is ¼ in. asbestos-ce-ment board, known as Transite. Angle ironis used as a framework and the cover isequipped with strap hinges and a wire pullhandle.This insulating and heat resisting ma-terial is adequate with moderate tempera-tures of 140 to 150 degrees Fahrenheit. Butat higher temperatures there will be toomuch heat loss through the material andadded insulation will be necessary. Atemperature of 200 degrees Fahrenheit isabout the limit that can be obtained withthe wattage mentioned and the insulatingmaterial shown. To go above this, an outercasing can be made from sheet metal,about 3 to 4 inches (
Continued on page
142)
 Mechanix Illustrated 
 
larger all around than the oven. Into thespace between, rockwool insulation shouldbe placed. With a well-insulated cover,temperatures considerably higher shouldbe possible and safe. One of the drawingsillustrates this suggestion. Strip heaters of increased wattage can also be obtained if desired.To start work on the oven cut two piecesof Transite 24x18 in. and two additionalpieces measuring 18x15½ in. Next, cut fourpieces of ¾ in. angle iron 21¼ in. long, tomake up the four corner braces. Extending3¼ in. below the sides, they also serve aslegs for the oven. The sides are positionedon the angle iron and C-clamps used tohold them in place. With a portable elec-tric drill, make four holes to a side throughboth the angle pieces and the side ma-terial, to receive 3/16 in. stove bolts. Makesure the surface of the irons is exactly ¼in. in from the edge of the Transite, asshown in the drawings, so the end sectionscan be fitted in flush. The end pieces arethen placed in position, holes drilled andbolts used to make the assembly firm.The bottom section is fitted flush withthe bottom edges and angle irons, cut asrequired are used to secure this section tothe sides and ends, using bolts as before.Take care to fit this section tightly, to keepescapement of heat at an absolute mini-mum.Angle iron (½ in.) is used to form aframe around the top edge. The ovenwill now take the form of a large box andshould be rigid and firm. The cover is apiece of the same material and shouldmeasure 24x16 in. This cover is fitted withan angle iron frame on the inside surfaceas detailed in a drawing, which adds to itsstrength and rigidity. Two strap hingesand a wire pull handle, fitted as shown,complete the cover. A chain, secured at oneend to the cover and at the other end tothe inside of the oven, serves to preventthe cover from going too far back.The strip heaters, which can be pur-chased from any large electrical supplyhouse, are of 350 watts, 115 volt rating.Two are required. These should have theterminals at one end of the strips andshould be so specified when ordering. Theyare mounted to the sides, about 2 in. upfrom the bottom, one on each side.The Thermoswitch is mounted in thecenter of the right hand end by drilling a5/8 in. hole through the insulating materialto receive the brass tube. In addition, a holemust be drilled through the metal base of the switch, just to the right of the dial,which should be about 7/16 in. in diameter.
This hole is
[Continued on page
150]
 Mechanix Illustrated 

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