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Environmental Health Bridging the Gaps Discussion Paper No 422 - WB

Environmental Health Bridging the Gaps Discussion Paper No 422 - WB

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Published by: HIA Community Wiki on Jan 30, 2010
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07/29/2010

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i
E
NVIRONMENTAL
H
EALTH
: B
RIDGING THE
G
APS
 
James A. Listorti and Fadi M. Doumani
P
ART
1: H
ARMONIZING
S
ECTORAL
P
RIORITIES
: A N
EW
A
PPROACH TO
E
NVIRONMENTAL
H
EALTH
 P
ART
2: E
NVIRONMENTAL
H
EALTH
A
SSESSMENT
G
UIDELINES
 P
ART
3: P
UTTING
T
HEORY INTO
P
RACTICE
: A C
ASE
S
TUDY IN
G
HANA
 
 
ii
 
iii
Table of Contents
(The Table of Contents serves also as an Index)
Foreword..................................................................................................................................xvAbstract...................................................................................................................................xviAcknowledgments...................................................................................................................xviiHow to Use This Volume.......................................................................................................xviii
Part 1: Harmonizing Sectoral Priorities................................................................................xviiiPart 2: Environmental Health Assessment Guidelines............................................................xviiiPart 3: Putting Theory into Practice.......................................................................................xix Exclusions to this Volume.......................................................................................................xix
Acronym List...........................................................................................................................xxiExecutive Summary...............................................................................................................xxiiiPart 1: Harmonizing Sectoral Priorities: A New Approach to Environmental Health................1Chapter 1: Challenges of Environmental Health in Developing Countries.................................3
 Inadvertent Bias in Neglecting Environmental Health.................................................................3 How the Health Picture Differs in Developing Countries.............................................................5The Changing Face of Disease and the Developing World...........................................................7 
Vector-Related Diseases................................................................................................................................................7The Double Burden of Disease in Developing Countries.......................................................................................8Global Change.................................................................................................................................................................8
 Multisectoral Approaches and the Challenges they Present.........................................................9The Role of Knowledge Management.......................................................................................13
Chapter 2: Developing Solutions through Targeted Collaboration...........................................15
Objectives of Harmonizing Sectoral Priorities..........................................................................17  Methodologies of Targeted Multisectoral Collaboration............................................................19
Identifying and Prioritizing Measures Outside the Health Care System............................................................19Devising “Entry Points”..............................................................................................................................................20Establishing Mutual Benefits for Sustainability......................................................................................................21
 Identifying the Stakeholders..................................................................................................................................22 Establishing Mutual Benefits through Mapping................................................................................................23
Quantifying Untapped or Missed Health Benefits......................................................................24
 Improved Service Delivery....................................................................................................................................2 Estimating Beneficiaries........................................................................................................................................27 
Chapter 3: Socioeconomic Justification and Challenges...........................................................29
Why Do Mainstream Environmental Health in Development Work?...........................................30Understanding Environmental Health Attributes.......................................................................33 Harmonizing Environmental Health with Environment Policies, Law, Institutions, and MonitoringSystems............................................................................................................................36 
Policy Failures...............................................................................................................................................................37
Structural and Sectoral Adjustment Lending: Macroeconomic Matrix.........................................................38Structural and Sectoral Adjustment Lending and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Action Impact  Matrix........................................................................................................................................................................40Public Expenditures Review..................................................................................................................................41Country Assistance Strategy Environmental Analysis Matrix.........................................................................42Comprehensive Development Framework Matrix.............................................................................................43Poverty Reduction Strategy, Environmental Health, and Poverty Linkages................................................44

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