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How It Eco Tourism Started

How It Eco Tourism Started

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Published by: laughjerker on Jan 31, 2010
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THRT 22: EcotourismTTH 10:30-12:00Lecture Note
 How it Ecotourism started?
The Department of Tourism (DOT) in collaboration with the United NationsDevelopment Programme (UNDP) and the World Tourism Organization (WTO), prepared the Philippine Tourism Master Plan (TMP).
 National Tourism Congress took up this theme and the concept of “ecotourism” wasintroduced in the Philippines.
Series of regional seminars discussed the sustainable tourism and ecotourism concepts.
Technical workshop during which the elements of a sustainable tourism developmentframework were identified and key issues defined.
17 June 1999
Executive Order (EO) 111 was issued.
 Executive Order (EO) 111
- This established a formal organizational structure for the development of ecotourism in the Philippines. EO 111 created a
 National Ecotourism Development Council (NEDC)
,composed of the Secretaries of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, Interior and Local Government,Trade and Industry, Finance, Education, the Secretary-General of the National Economic and DevelopmentAuthority (NEDA) and representatives from the private sector and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).Under the NEDC, a
 National Ecotourism Steering Committee (NESC) and Regional Ecotourism Committees(RECs)
were established to implement programs and activities approved by NEDC.
 EO111 also called for an Ecotourism Technical Working Group (ETWG) to provide technical and administrative support to the NEDC and the NESC. All of these bodies are referred to collectively in this report as the “EO 111 Bodies.” 
 As articulated in EO 111, the following policies served as bases for proposing a system to promote anddevelop ecotourism in the Philippines:
The State shall develop and promote sustainable tourism
while enjoining the participation of theFilipino people in enhancing the growth and competitiveness of the Philippine economy; and,
The State shall ensure the sustainable use, development, management, protection and conservation of the country’s environment and natural resources
and cultural heritage for the enjoyment of the presentand future generations.The EO111, therefore, provides for the formulation of a national ecotourism strategy and program for the promotion and development of ecotourism in the Philippines. The
 National Ecotourism Strategy (NES 
) shall be prepared to provide an integrated management plan, which shall warrant a comprehensive direction for thefuture of ecotourism in the country by recognizing issues and problems for its sustainable development andrecommend feasible approaches in addressing these issues. The Strategy shall be formulated in consultationwith concerned stakeholders in the environment and tourism sectors including indigenous peoples and localcommunities to be affected by ecotourism development. Other specific and urgent national imperatives to beaddressed by the NES are:
Diversification of the Philippine tourism product mix in the light of current downturn in visitor arrivals;
Spreading tourism benefits to rural areas not only for employment generation and poverty alleviation butalso for the sustainability of the tourism industry;
Provision of an economic rationale for conservation of natural and cultural sites to ensure the long-termsustainability of conservation management systems;
Promotion of wholesome styles of recreation in outdoor environments and provision of conservationawareness and education programs outside the classrooms;
Creation of models that will demonstrate ways for local communities to engage in non-exploitative andsustainable utilization of natural resources.To complement and support the NES, a
 National Ecotourism Program (NEP)
shall be developed.The NEP shall encompass the major aspects of ecotourism,1) Development, management and protection of identified ecotourism sites;2) Product enhancement and development;3) Environmental education and information campaign;4) Support programs for community stewardship and livelihood development.The
First National Ecotourism Congress held in Bohol on 27-29 October 1999
defined ecotourism andits role in the promotion of sustainable development, management, protection and conservation of the country’senvironment, natural resources and cultural heritage.
 Sites and Destinations
features the various ecotourism sites and destinations in the Philippines:
Agusan Marsh
 Butuan, Agusan del Norte -
The Agusan Marsh is an intergral part of the Central Mindanaoecosystem, acting as a catch basin absorbing much of the area's rainfall and preventing them from floodingthe surrounding communities.
 Zamboanguita, Negros Oriental -
A small wildlife sanctuary off the coast of Negros Oriental,
Apo Island
 beckons with its pristine shoreline and sparkling blue waters. ApoIsland is a 72-hectare volcanic rock situated in the Mindanao Sea (09.05N, 123.15E).
Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro-
Apo Reef was declared as a protected area through PresidentialProclamation No. 868 dated September 6, 1996. It has three islands : Apo Island, Apo Menor and Cayosdel Bajo with white sandy beaches ideal for recreation and sporting vacation. With an area of 15, 792hectares, Apo Reef is one of the largest coral atoll in the Philippines with a wide variety of habitat types.
 Province of Batanes-
Batanes Group of Islands
, a rugged, rocky home to thefriendly Ivatans lying some 180 kilometers north of the Luzon mainland.
- may be a small island but it ranks high on the ecotourism scale. Be it deep jungle, lush lowland or high seas, there is something in here for every ecotourist’s mood and preference. Nature lover would dowell to visit the famous Chocolate Hills, head on to Loboc River Safari among many other destinations.
- Camiguin is a tiny pearl-shaped volcanic outcrop off the north coast of Mindanao. Mambajao,the capital, makes a good way station to such attractions as seven volcanoes, waterfalls, springs, and whitesand beaches. It is positioned as the eco-agri site of the region. The island plays host to seven volcanoes,including the still-active Mount Hibok-Hibok.
- A vast, 23,000 sq. km. chunk of mountainous terrain in northern Luzon, the
Grand Central Cordillera Mountains
capture the imagination with cool foggy weather and majestic riceterraces. The Rice Terraces of the Cordilleras, often referred to as "stairways to Heaven", were included inthe United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) World Heritage List'scultural landscapes category. The areas listed in this category are considered to be sites of significant globalvalue that demonstrate the interaction of man and nature. Listed sites are officially protected by the WorldHeritage Convention which seeks to preserve significant sites of natural and cultural value. The conventionis ratified by over 140 countries, including the Philippines.
 Zamboanga del Norte
is a bonafide gateway to the unspoiled, untainted side of Mindanao. In Dipolog one can enjoy the sandy beaches and crystal clear waters of Dapitan Bay andAliguay Island, then head off for a refreshing hike up the nearby mountains.
 Donsol, Sorsogon
- In a still unexplained natural phenomena, droves of these animals congregate in the waters of this town during summer months, forming the main attractions ina bustling ecotourism. The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is the world's largest fish. Whale shark appear inDonsol waters in considerable numbers between December and May of each year, taking advantage of dense food concentration.
 El Nido, Palawan-
 Named after the nests made by rare birds which is the main ingredient for atasty delicacy,
El Nido
archipelago in Palawan evoke images of an untainted paradise. Occupying an areaof 96,000 hectares, El Nido boasts of diverse ecosystems such as rainforest, mangroves, white sand beaches, coral reefs and limestone cliffs. It is the sanctuary of various forms of wildlife.
 Alaminos, Pangasinan-
Hundred Islands National Park 
isPangasinan's provincial pride, consisting of a small archipelago off the coast of Alaminos. Call it a tinyversion of the Philippines, its 200 plus green topped, white ringed islets set amidst a brilliant backdrop of deep blue. This National Park covers a land area of 1,884 hectares with 123 islands. However, only 3islands have been developed for tourists namely : Governor, Quezon and Children's Islands.
Ormoc, Leyte-
Lake Danao is a guitar-shaped lake covering an area of 148 hectares. Viewedfrom the top, it looks like an uncut diamond. It lies some 2,600 feet above the sea level. Lake Danao wasadjudged as the cleanest body of water in Region 8 for three consecutive years.
Tboli, South Cotabato-
Lake Sebu
lies, 3000 ft. above sea level, a calm, quiet refuge for theconcrete-wary soul. Located on the Mountains of South Cotabatao, it is home to the T’Boli and B’laanminority groups.
- A center of trade and commerce in the Northern Mindanao region,
Misamis Oriental
 possesses wealth of natural attractions ranging from highlands to high seas. There is also the MalasagEcotourism Gardens, a breathtaking canopy walk, white water river rafting adventure, as well as countlessother scenic hikes, caves and waterfalls. Go scuba diving at Duka Bay and Mantangale, also a primarydolphin and whale shark watching destination. Go white water rafting and tubing in the rapids of Cagayande Oro River, one of the longest rivers in Mindanao. The Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village inCagayan de Oro, a cultural village in a botanical setting, is home to Region 10's tribal communities andendemic plants and trees.
 Davao Del Sur, Davao City and Cotabato Province-
Rising some 9,691 ft. above sea level, theslopes of 
Mt. Apo
beckon. It is the Philippines’ tallest peak, complete with its own set of obstacles andchallenges. Its base is known to be larger than the island of Singapore. In 1982, the United Nations listedMt. Apo in its National Parks and Equivalent Reserves while the 1984 ASEAN Declaration on Heritage,Parks and Reserves named it as an ASEAN Heritage Site.
 Bulusan and Irosin, Sorsogon-
Bulusan Volcano
in Sorsogon is one of thethree active volcanoes in the Bicol region. The crater is located at its highest peak - 1,550 meters above sealevel. Completely surrounded by forest, park visitors can enjoy wildlife watching, hiking, swimming,canoeing and camping. Bulusan is a 2 km. trail around the lake, has colorful and varies leaves - bearingtrees and presence also of wildlife like Philippine Brown Deer and Luzon bleeding heart pigeon.
Sibuyan Island, Romblon-
Mt. Guiting-Guiting Natural Park was proclaimed as a protected area under Presidential Proclamtion No. 746 dated February 20, 1996. It is thehighest peak in Romblon at 2,058 meters above sea level. The island is known for its exceptional intactchain of ecosystems such as bio-diversity rich forest, mangroves and coral reefs. Some species can be

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