Gate valves used in steam systems have flexible gates. The reason for using a flexiblegate is to prevent binding of the gate within the valve when the valve is in the closed position. When steam lines are heated, they will expand, causing some distortion of valve bodies. If a solid gate fits snugly between the seat of a valve in a cold steam system,when the system is heated and pipes elongate, the seats will compress against the gate,wedging the gate between them and clamping the valve shut. This problem is overcome by use of a flexible gate (two circular plates attached to each other with a flexible hub inthe middle). This design allows the gate to flex as the valve seat compresses it, thereby preventing clamping.BUTTERFLY VALVES.- The butterfly valve, one type of which is shown in figure 9-21may be used in a variety of systems aboard ship. These valves can be used effectively infreshwater, saltwater, JP-5, F-76 (naval distillate), lube oil, and chill water systemsaboard ship. The butterfly valve is light in weight, relatively small, relativelyFigure 9-20.-Cutaway view of a gate valve (rising-stem type).