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Sprinkler Irrigation Design Manual

Sprinkler Irrigation Design Manual

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Published by anbuje

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Published by: anbuje on Feb 01, 2010
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06/11/2013

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Landscape Irrigation Design Manual
 
Landscape Irrigation Design Manual
iii
Forward ...................................................................................................................................................................vIntroduction ..........................................................................................................................................................viiStep one: Understanding basic hydraulics .........................................................................................................3
Static water pressure ....................................................................................................................................................4Dynamic water pressure .............................................................................................................................................6Exercises on basic hydraulics .....................................................................................................................................9
Step two: Obtaining site information .................................................................................................................13Step three: Determining irrigation requirements ..............................................................................................19
Soil type .......................................................................................................................................................................19Exercises on site information and irrigation requirements .................................................................................23
Step four: Determining water and power supply .............................................................................................27
Calculating water meter capacity and working pressure .....................................................................................27
Rule number one ......................................................................................................................................................................................27Rule number two ......................................................................................................................................................................................28Rule number three ....................................................................................................................................................................................28
Exercises on water capacity and pressure ..............................................................................................................30
Step five: Selecting sprinklers and spacing ranges .........................................................................................35
Selecting sprinklers ....................................................................................................................................................35
Spray sprinklers ........................................................................................................................................................................................35Rotating sprinklers ....................................................................................................................................................................................35Bubblers and drip irrigation devices ........................................................................................................................................................35
Exercises on selecting sprinklers ..............................................................................................................................40Spacing sprinklers and calculating precipitation rates .........................................................................................41Exercises on spacing sprinklers and calculating precipitation rates ..................................................................47Locating sprinklers on the plan ...............................................................................................................................48Exercises on locating sprinklers ...............................................................................................................................52
Step six: Lateral layout, circuiting sprinklers into valve groups .....................................................................55
Locating valves, main lines and lateral piping .......................................................................................................57Calculating lateral operating time ...........................................................................................................................58
Sample lateral number 1 ..........................................................................................................................................................................59Sample lateral number 2 ..........................................................................................................................................................................59
Step seven: Sizing pipe and valves and calculating system pressure requirements ...................................65
Exercises on calculating system pressure requirements ......................................................................................71
Step eight: Locating the controller and sizing the valve and power wires ...................................................75
Locating the controller ..............................................................................................................................................75Sizing valve wires .......................................................................................................................................................75Sizing power wires .....................................................................................................................................................78
Step nine: Preparing the final irrigation plan ....................................................................................................83
Exercises on system electrics and preparing the final irrigation plan ................................................................85Irrigation references ..................................................................................................................................................86
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