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Normal Values

Normal Values

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Published by wendel08

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Published by: wendel08 on Feb 01, 2010
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12/07/2012

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Normal ValuesElectrolytesPotassium:SodiumCalcium:MagnesiumChlorideBicarbonate3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L135 -145 mEq/L4.5 - 5.2 mEq/L or 8.6 - 10 mg/dL1.6 - 2.6 mEq/L98 -107 mEq/L22 – 26 mEq/L(NPH,Humulin N)Long ActingUltralente,Humulin U)CombinationHumulin70/304hr ½ hr 8-20hr 2-12hr 24-36hr 24hr Serum Osmolality 285-290 mOsm/kg H2OPhosphate 1.7-2.6 mEq/LPhosporus 2.5 - 4.5 mg/dLLipidsCholesterol 140 200 mg/dLLDL < 130 mg/dLGastro-Intestinal Serum StudiesHDL 30 to 70 mg/dLAlbuminProteinAlkalinePhosphatase3.4 - 5 g/dL6.0 - 8.0 g/dL4.5 - 13 u/dLTriglyceridesCoagulation Studies< 200 mg/dLALTASTAmmoniaAmylaseLipaseBUATotal BilirubinDirect Bilirubin7-40 mu/ml15 - 45 ug/dL25 - 151 IV/L10 - 140 U/LM 4.5 to 8 mg/dLF 2.5 to 6.3 mg/dL< 1.5 mg/dL0 - 0.3 mg/dLPTINRClotting TimeBleeding TimePlatelet CountaPTTM: 9.6-11.8 sF: 9.5 - 11.3 sPT - 10-13sec x 22 - 38 - 15 mins1-9 mins150,000 - 450,00 u/LAPTT - 25-35sec x 31.5 - 2.5 x (therapeutic)Indirect Bilirubin 0.1 1 mg/dLGlucoseFBS 70 -110 mg/dLCBG (monitoring) 60 - 110 mg/dLOGTTBaseline 70 - 110 mg/dL30 mins 110 - 170 mg/dL60 mins 120 - 170 mg/dL90 mins 100 -140 mg/dL120 mins 70 -120 mg/dLGlucose 2 hr post-prandial < 140mg/dLHbA1c (Glycosylated)FibrinogenESR30-40 mm/hr 40-70 mm/hr 70-150 mm/hr HemoglobinHematocritBlood GasespHpCO
2
pO
2
HCO
3
M: 180 - 340 mg/dLF: 190 - 420 mg/dLMild inflammationModerate inflammationSevere inflammationM- 42-52%F - 37-47%7.35 - 7.4535 - 4580 - 10022-26Good ControlFair Poor < 7.5%7.6 - 8.9%9% and upO
2
Sat %PressuresTonometry (IOP)ICP95-98%10-21mm Hg0-15mmHgInsulinCVPStomach Capacity4-11cm H2O or 3-7 mmHgType of InsulinRegular (Humulin R)IntermediateOnset½ -1 hr 2hr Peak2-4 hr 6-12hr Duration6-8 hr 18-26hr Newborn1-week-old2-3-week-old1-month-old10 to 20 mL30 to 60 mL75 to 100 mL90 to 150 mLActingObstructive VS Restrictive
 
TLCObstructiveIncRestrictiveDecIntelligence Quotient:FRCRVVLCPaCO2FEV1IncIncDecIncDecDecDecDecDecNormal<70<50<35<20Mild mental retardationModerate mental retardationSevere mental retardationImbecile/IdiotImmunizationsLow Pressure Alarm High Pressure AlarmPatient disconnection, Patient coughing,Circuit leaks, Airway leaks, Secretions or mucus in theChest tube leaks airway, Patient biting tube,DTPOPVHepa BHiBMMRVaricellaTd2xxxx4xxxx6 12 15 4-6y/ox xx xxxx or x xx or x10yxxAirway problems, ReducedAllergy Vaccine Contraindicationslung compliance, Increasedairway resistance, Patientfighting the ventilator,Accumulation of water in thecircuit, Kinking in the circuit,Problems with inspiratory or expiratory valvesEGGSNEOMYCINYEASTGELATINRRINFLUENZA , MMRVARICELLA,IPV,MMRHEPA-BVARICELLAHRBPDiabetic, Arterial, VenousDiabeticPain NoneLocation Plantar ArterialPainful, Inc w/ElevationDistal LateralVenousDec
Elevation
Medialw/Newborn 30-601-4 y/o 20-405-12 y/o 15-25120-16080-14070-11560systolic or 80/4090/60-99/65100/56 - 110/60Aspect,Heel,MetatarsalsLeg, Toes,Phalangesaspect of Lower Legand Ankle,Adult12-2060-100 90/60 - 140/90TempColor IncRedDecPale BaseMalleolusareaIncRed/PurpleGlasgow Coma ScaleI. EYE MOVEMENT (4)4 Spontaneous3 To speech2 To pain1 No responseNewborn MeasurementsHC 30-35cmCC 31-33cmAC 50-55cmHC=CC - 2y/oAC=CC Barrel ChestII. MOTOR RESPONSE (6)6 Obeys Commands5 Localizes pain4 Withdraws to pain3 Flexing (Decorticate)
PROPERTY OF www.aaroncyuntalan.com
21Extension (Decebrate)No response
 
III. VERBAL RESPONSE (5)Therapeutic LevelsMedicationLevels54321RULE OF NINESHeadArmsTorsoLegs & ThighsPerineumOrientedConfusedInappropriate wordsIncomprehensible soundsNo response91836361Acetaminophen (Tylenol)AcetylcysteineCarbamazepine (Tegretol)CycloserineDigoxin (Lanoxin)Digitoxin (Crystodigin)Gentamycin (Garamycin)Lidocaine (Xylocaine)Lithium (Lithobid)Magnesium So4Phenytoin (Dilantin)Phenobarbital (Luminal)Procainamide (Pronestyl)Propranolol (Inderal)Salicylate (Aspirin)Theophylline (Aminophylline)5 to 20 ug/mL5 to 20 ug/mL3 to 14 ug/mL25 to 35g/mL0.5 to 2 ng/mL15 to 25 ng/mL5 to 10 ug/mL1.5 to 5 ug/mL0.5 to 1.3 mEq/L4 to 8 mg/dL10 to 20 ug/mL10 to 30 ug/mL4 to 10 ug/mL50 to 100 ng/mL100 to 250 ug/mL10 to 20 ug/mLParkland-Baxter = 4mL x kg x %TBSA1/2 = given 1st 8 hrsVancomycinThings to prepare :HemodialysisSengstaken-BlakemoreTubeCTT30 to 40 ug/mLBulldog clipsScissorsRubber-tipped hemostatRenal FunctionGFRSGCreaBUN125mL/min1.010 - 1.0300.6-1.3 mg/dL10-20mg/dLAcetylcysteine overdose Suction ApparatusLaryngospasm Tracheotomy SetTracheostomy Obturator Skeletal pinning Wire cutter Sterile water /NSS bottle if the chest tube bottlebreaksBUN:Crea Ratio 15 : 1albumin 3.2 - 4.5 g/dLUrine Culture >/= 100,000 (Positive Culture)Urine Output 30-50mL/hr Oliguria < 400cc in 24 hr Anuria <100 in 24hr URINEtongue depressor andflashlightBence Jones ProteinAuer RodsReed Sternberg cellsEBVANA testRheumathoid factor (RF)Bone Scan/Gallium ScanBone DensitometryDiskogramPaget's dsetonsillectomyMultiple MyelomaAMLHodgkin's lymphomainfectious mononucleosisSLERheumatoid ArthritisBone Cancer osteoporosisHNPbowing of legsClear cloudysmokeyfoamynormalUTIAGNnephrotic syndromeRheumatoid ArthritisOsteoarthritiswrist drop or foot dropbouchard's & heberden'snodulePain Ladder (0-10)STANDARDAIRBORNEUniversal Prec Gloves, Goggles,Gown, MaskPTB, HEPA filter mask, N-1-3 Mild Non-narcotic (Acetaminophen)-PNSVaricellaMeasles45Negative pressure4-7 Moderate Narcotic (Morphine)- CNSroom8-10 SevereNon-narcotic + NarcoticCONTACTMRSA(vancomycin),6-12 exchanges/ hr,Private Door ClosedGGG(gown, goggles,gloves)CDAD(vancomycin),RSV(Ribavirin)3 feet away

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