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Chapter 16-17 Psychological Disorders and Anxiety

Chapter 16-17 Psychological Disorders and Anxiety

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Published by dawpa2000
Chapter 16-17 Psychological Disorders and Anxiety
psychological_disorders_and_anxiety.doc

12th Grade
Period 1 (AP Physchology)
AP Chapter 16-17 Disorders and Therapy
Chapter 16-17 Psychological Disorders and Anxiety
psychological_disorders_and_anxiety.doc

12th Grade
Period 1 (AP Physchology)
AP Chapter 16-17 Disorders and Therapy

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Published by: dawpa2000 on Feb 01, 2010
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12/14/2012

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Mr. SilimperiName: ________________Council Rock High School South Date: _________________ AP Psychology
 
Psychological Disorders – Intro
Psychological Disorder 
a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be:
atypical--not enough in itself 
disturbing--varies with time and culture
maladaptive--harmful
unjustifiable--sometimes there’s a good reason
Perceived Causes
movements of sun or moon
lunacy--full moon
evil spirits
Ancient Treatments
exorcism, caged like animals, beaten, burned, castrated, mutilated, blood replaced withanimal’s blood
Medical Model 
concept that diseases have physical causes
can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured
assumes that these “mental” illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptomsand cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital
Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective
assumes that biological, socio-cultural, and psychological factorscombine and interact to produce psychological disorders
 
Neurotic Disorder (term seldom used now)
usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially
Psychotic Disorder 
person loses contact with reality
experiences irrational ideas and distorted perceptions
Definition –
American PsychiatricAssociation’s
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
(Fourth Edition)
a widely used system for classifying psychologicaldisorders
presently distributed as DSM-IV-TR text revision
PositivesNegativesReliability= repeatabilitylacks causes andtreatmentscareful descriptions of symptomsdisorders don’t = diseasestoo medically orientatedmost widely used classification systemtoo many categoriestoo much emphasis onleads to labelin = BIAS
 
Analogy:The DSM-IV is to AbnormalBehavior,As the Koran is to Islam or theBible is to Christianity.Sentence:The DSM-IV has allowed us to make progress inrecent years toward the understanding, causes,and treatments of some forms of abnormalbehavior.
 
Mr. SilimperiName: ________________Council Rock High School South Date: _________________ AP Psychology
 
AnxietyAnxiety Disorders
distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxietyGeneralized Anxiety Disorder 
person is tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousalPanic Disorder 
marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensationPhobia
persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situationObsessive-Compulsive Disorder 
unwantedrepetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
SOME COMMON &UNCOMMON FEARS
This national surveyranked the relativefear levels of Americans to somesources of anxiety. Afear becomes aphobia if it provokes acompelling butirrational desire toavoid the dreadedobject or situations.

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