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Plant Test Practice

Plant Test Practice

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Published by dawpa2000
Plant Test Practice
practice.doc

12th Grade
Period 4-5 (AP Biology)
AP Biology Plant Test
Plant Test Practice
practice.doc

12th Grade
Period 4-5 (AP Biology)
AP Biology Plant Test

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Published by: dawpa2000 on Feb 02, 2010
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07/14/2013

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Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
Chapter Questions
1) You are studying a plant from the arid southwestern United States. Which of the following adaptationsis
least likely
to have evolved in response to water shortages?
 
A) closing the stomata during the hottest time of the day
 
B) development of large leaf surfaces to absorb water 
 
C) formation of a fibrous root system spread over a large area
 
D) mycorrhizae associated with the root system
 
E) a thick waxy cuticle on the epidermis
 
2) Which part of a plant absorbs most of the water and minerals taken up from the soil?
 
A) taproots
 
B) root hairs
 
C) the thick parts of the roots near the base of the stem
 
D) storage roots
 
E) sections of the root that have secondary xylem
 
3) An evolutionary adaptation that increases exposure of a plant to light in a dense forest is
 
A) closing of the stomata.
 
B) lateral buds.
 
C) apical dominance.
 
D) absence of petioles.
 
E) intercalary meristems.
 
4) A person working with plants may remove apical dominance by doing which of the following?
 
A) pruning
 
B) deep watering of the roots
 
C) fertilizing
 
D) transplanting
 
E) feeding the plants nutrients
 
6) Land plants are composed of all the following tissue types
except 
 
A) mesodermal.
 
B) epidermal.
 
C) meristematic.
 
D) vascular.
 
E) ground tissue.
 
7) Vascular plant tissue includes all of the following cell types
except 
 
A) vessel elements.
 
B) sieve cells.
 
C) tracheids.
 
D) companion cells.
 
E) cambium cells.
 
8) Which functional plant cells lack a nucleus?
 
A) xylem only
 
B) sieve cells only
 
C) companion cells only
 
D) both companion and parenchyma cells
 
E) both xylem and sieve-tube cells
 
The questions below use the following answers. Each answer may be used once, more than once, or not at 
 
all.
 A. parenchyma B. collenchymaC. sclerenchyma D. tracheids E. sieve cells
9) long, thin tapered cells with lignified cell walls that function in support and permit water to flowthrough pits
(
D)
 
10) living cells that lack nuclei and ribosomes; they transport sugars and other organic nutrients
 
(E)
 
11) the least specialized plant cells, which serve general metabolic, synthetic, and storage functions
 
(A)
 
12) cells with unevenly thickened primary walls that support still-elongating parts of the plant (B)
 
13) mature cells without protoplasts with thick, lignified secondary walls that may not function in transport(C)
 
14) Which of the following is
not 
a characteristic of parenchyma cells?
 
A) thin primary walls
 
B) flexible primary walls
 
C) lack of specialization
 
D) lack of secondary walls
 
E) Have secondary thickenings 15) Which of the following tissues is
incorrectly
matched with its characteristics?
 
A) collenchyma-uniformly thick-walled supportive tissue
 
B) epidermis-protective outer covering of plant body
 
C) sclerenchyma-heavily lignified secondary walls
 
D) meristematic tissue-undifferentiated tissue capable of cell division
 
E) parenchyma-thin-walled, loosely packed, unspecialized cells
 
16) The fiber cells of plants are a type of 
 
A) parenchyma.
 
B) sclerenchyma.
 
C) collenchyma.
 
D) meristematic cell.
 
E) phloem
 
17) The vascular bundle in the shape of a single central cylinder in a root is called the
 
A) cortex.
 
B) stele.
 
C) endodermis.
 
D) periderm.
 
E) pith.
 
18) One important difference between the anatomy of roots and the anatomy of leaves is that
 
A) only leaves have phloem and only roots have xylem.
 
B) the cells of roots have cell walls and leaf cells do not.
 
C) a waxy cuticle covers leaves but is absent in roots.
 
D) vascular tissue is found in roots but is absent from leaves.
 
E) leaves have epidermal tissue but roots do not.
 
19) The photosynthetic cells in the interior of a leaf are what kind of cells?
 
A) parenchyma
 
 
B) collenchyma
 
C) sclerenchyma
 
D) phloem
 
E) endodermis
 
20) A student examining leaf cross sections under a microscope finds many loosely packed cells withrelatively thin cell walls. The cells have numerous chloroplasts. What type of cells are these?
 
A) parenchyma
 
B) xylem
 
C) endodermis
 
D) collenchyma
 
E) sclerenchyma
 
22) Which of the following is
true
about secondary growth in plants?
 
A) Flowers may have secondary growth.
 
B) Secondary growth is a common feature of eudicot leaves.
 
C) Secondary growth is produced by both the vascular cambium and the cork cambium.
 
D) Primary growth and secondary growth alternate in the life cycle of a plant.
 
E) Plants with secondary growth are typically the smallest ones in an ecosystem.
 
23) A friend has discovered a new plant and brings it to you to classify. The plant has the followingcharacteristics: a taproot system with growth rings evident in cross section and a layer of bark around theoutside. Which of the following best describes the new plant?
 
A) herbaceous eudicot
 
B) woody eudicot
 
C) woody monocot
 
D) herbaceous monocot
 
E) woody annual
 
24) The driving force that pushes the root tip through the soil is due primarily to
 
A) continuous cell division in the root cap at the tip of the root.
 
B) continuous cell division just in the root cap and in the center of the apical meristem.
 
C) elongation of cells behind the root apical meristem.
 
D) A and B only.
 
E) A, B, and C.
 
25) Shoot elongation in a growing bud is due primarily to
 
A) cell division at the shoot apical meristem.
 
B) cell elongation directly behind the shoot apical meristem.
 
C) cell division localized in each internode.
 
D) cell elongation localized in each internode.
 
E) A and B only.
 
26) Axillary buds
 
A) are initiated by the cork cambium.
 
B) develop from meristematic cells left by the apical meristem.
 
C) are composed of a series of internodes lacking nodes.
 
D) grow immediately into shoot branches.
 
E) do not form a vascular connection with the primary shoot.
 

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