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AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised with Solutions

# AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised with Solutions

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AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised with Solutions
APCalc 2-1 2-4 Applications 2008 with solutions Revised.doc

AP Calculus - Anthony
AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised with Solutions
APCalc 2-1 2-4 Applications 2008 with solutions Revised.doc

AP Calculus - Anthony

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Published by: dawpa2000 on Feb 02, 2010
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AP Calculus2.1 – 2.4 Applications of Derivatives – Solutions. 1. p118, #103 The volume of a cube with sides of length
s
is given by
3
s
=
. Find the rate of changeof the volume with respect to
s
when
4
=
s
centimeters.
( ) ( ) ( )
23 2 2
when differentiated becomes 3 or V3 so V43448
dV dsV s s s sds ds
= = = = =
2. p118, #106 The annual inventory cost
for a manufacturer is given by:
QQ
3.6000,008,1
+=
where
Q
is the order size when the inventory is replenished. Find the change in annual cost when
Q
isincreased from 350 to 352, and compare this with the instantaneous rate of change when
351
=
Q
.
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
12
10080006.3, Change in cost is 3523505081.23650853.764352350Average change is 1.882352350Instantaneous rate of change: 10080006.3;3511.882
C Q Q Q C C C Q Q
= + ≈ −= +
3. p129, #116 An automobile’s velocity starting from rest is given by
( )
152100
+=
v
where
v
ismeasured in feet per second. Find a) the instantaneous velocity at 7 seconds, b) the acceleration at 5seconds, c) the acceleration at 10 seconds, and d) the average acceleration from 5 seconds to 10 seconds
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( ) ( )
22 22
sec2 2 2sec sec2 2 2sec
100215221510010021500;71.784215215215150015001500; so 52.400 and 101.2242535215105Average acceleration;1.714105
ft  ft ft  ft
t t V t t t  A t V t A AV
+ + = = = + + += = = = = =+
4. p129, #117 A car is traveling at a rate of 66 feet per second (45 miles per hour) when the brakes areapplied. The position function for the car is
( )
s
6625.8
2
+=
where
s
is measured in feet and
ismeasured in seconds. Use this function to find the velocity and acceleration of the car and then find theaverage velocity from t = 0 to t = 3, the instantaneous velocity at t = 3, and the acceleration at t = 3.
( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2secsecsec
Position: 8.2566; Velocity: 16.566;Acceleration: 16.53074.25198Average Velocity = 41.250303316.536616.5 a316.5
ft  ft ft
s t t t v t s t a t v t s  s s s t v t v
= + = = += = = = = −= = + = = =

5. P139, #102 The displacement from equilibrium of an object in harmonic motion on the end of a springis given by:
1 1cos12 sin123 4
y t
=
where y is measured in feet and t is the time in seconds.Determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of the object when
8
π
=
seconds.
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( )
11Position: cos12sin123411Velocity: sin1212cos12124sin123cos1234Acceleration: 4cos12123sin121248cos1236sin121313111cossin01832423448
s t t v t s t t t t a t v t s t t t t  s ft v
π π π  π
= = = = = = = = + = = =÷ 
( ) ( )( ) ( )
2
secsec
334sin3cos41304223348cos36sin48036136822
ft  ft
a
π π  π π π
 = = =÷  = + = + − = ÷
6. Piece-wise examples:Find the interval(s) of differentiabilit

y for:a)
( )
2
1;11;1
x x f x x x
+ <=+
b)
( )
2
21:12;1
x x g x x x
+ =+ >
Cusp at1
x
=
becauseDerivative from left = 1Derivative from left = 2Derivative from right = 2Derivative from right = 2Intervals of differentiabliltyInterval of differentiablilty
( ) ( )
,11,
( )
,
−∞
c)
( )
2:31;3
x xh x x
<=
d)
( )
3
1;1;1
x j x x x
>=
NR-jump discontinuityNR-jump discontinuity@ x = -3@ x = -1Cusp at x = 2 because theNot differentiable atderivative from left = -1x = 0 due to the verticaland the derivative from thetangent line.right = 1Cusp at x = 3 because theCusp at x = 1 because thederivative from left = 1derivative from left = 1and the derivative from the and the derivative from theright = 0right = 0Intervals of differentiabliltyIntervals of differentiablilty
( ) ( ) ( )
,33,22,
− ∪
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
,11,00,11,

( )
f x
( )
f x
( )
f x
( )
g x
( )
g x
( )
g x
7. The graph at the right represents the function
( )
f x
. Sketch the graphs of
( ) ( )
and
f x f x
′′
onthe same set of axes.8. The graph at the rightrepresents the function
( )
g x
.Sketch the graphs of
( ) ( )
and g
g x x
′′
on the sameset of axes.9. If the graph at the right represents
( )
h x
,sketch thegraph of
( )
h x

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