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Geometric phases play a central role in Maxwell-Coulomb interaction. It is proposed that spiral Fresnel patterns or zones carrying topological charges can represent the holographic encoding of spin and charge, where the monopole charges emerge from a linear spin-precession coupling producing anholonomy. In this situation Berry phase patterns can be assigned to the non-spiralling neutral Fresnel zones (Fresnel diffraction) that can be found in the overlapping or interfering region between spiral patterns. This new insight could be relevant to nuclear physics.

Geometric phases play a central role in Maxwell-Coulomb interaction. It is proposed that spiral Fresnel patterns or zones carrying topological charges can represent the holographic encoding of spin and charge, where the monopole charges emerge from a linear spin-precession coupling producing anholonomy. In this situation Berry phase patterns can be assigned to the non-spiralling neutral Fresnel zones (Fresnel diffraction) that can be found in the overlapping or interfering region between spiral patterns. This new insight could be relevant to nuclear physics.

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11

Abstract.

Spiral Fresnel wavelet patterns carrying topological charges allow for aholographic en/decoding of spin and charge. The nature of charge is given by alinear spin-precession coupling encoded in the spiral form with (Dirac,…)magnetic monopoles located at the spiral phase singularities. The Berry phasepattern emerging in the overlap region between charged spiral zones on thePoincaré disc are perfect Fresnel holograms, wavelets, or “Fresnelets”representing neutral particles (standard Fresnel zones). The correspondingstereographic projections of rotated rotations in

N

-dimensional space onto the

N

-1-dimensional Poincaré disc show an exact algebraic relation to theKepler/Coulomb-Oscillator duality. The spherical results can be related byanalytic continuation to the hyperbolic case of helicoid/catenoid modes(DNA,…) supported by solutions to the Schrödinger equations with asuperintegrable Hamiltonian and hypergeometric functions from Pöschl-Tellerpotentials in the angular variables. The corresponding bridge between spaces ofdifferent curvature in angular variables is given by the Mercator-Gudermannstereographic relations mapping loxodromes to helicoids. Coupling strengths fitvery well to the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, where the deviation from1/137 can be assigned to the Berry phase. Regarding multi-monopole interaction,the relevance to strong interaction is show with a model called

9

Be-Berryllium,where 4 charged (spiral) patterns excite and support 5 neutral patterns in theoverlap region at a similar scale. Above is a computer-generated gradientpicture of the

12

C-Carbon model pattern.

Geometric Phase Patterns and Holography- Encoding Model for Charge and Spin

Aharonov-Bohm Effect and Berry Phase Anniversary 50/252009, Dec., 14-15, University Bristol, GB (poster presentation)

Bernd Binder

binder@quanics.com

22

1. Stereographic Projection of Rotated Rotations andDifferential Relations

The Kepler/Coulomb -Oscillator relation (KC-O)

[2]

(4)well known since Schrödinger. Here it describes a gyoscopicdissipationof holonomy, where a negative exponential loxodromicoscillation ofthe spin axis on the sphere is mapped to a helical path on the cylinderwith Kepler-Coulomb radial dependence. The optimum distanceand magic precession can be iteratively obtained for a given

M

.

κ

θ

+

1/

κ

ϕ

−

/

dcosh ,d

M

M e

κ κ κ

κ θ θ κ κ κ κ κ

ϕ ϕ ϕ θ θ

++ −

+−− −− +

∝ = =

The Rolling Rotation of the Rotator

Given three Euler angles , a special holonomic condition (characterizing a rotated rotation likea rolling cone) with interesting properties providing for a Berry geometric phase on a spherical surface isgiven by [4, 5, 6] (curvature index

κ

)

(1)

Mapping this (rolling) rotation of the rotator axis onto a cylinder by aMercator stereographic projection corresponds to a Gudermannian relation

(2)

where the axis tilt angle is mapped onto the height of the cylinder [7].With linearly related to the hyperbolic height by a helical pitch

M,

we get(3)a helix projected to a loxodromeon the sphere, see fig 1. Eqs. (1)–(3) lead to

,

M

κ κ

ϕ ϕ

+−

=

1 dcos ,cosh d

κ κ κ κ

θ θ ϕ ϕ

++− −

= =

cos .

κ κ

θ θ ϕ

−+

⇔ =

( )

1 cos

Berry

κ κ

γ ϕ θ ϕ θ

− +

= − = −

, ,

κ κ

ϕ θ θ

− +

κ

ϕ

−

κ

ϕ

−

Fig 1

: Stereographic projections of theMercator/Gudermann type with adistance-dependent holonomy relatedto a KC-O-type interaction. Top: loxo-dromesto helicoids. Above: solitonwave packets with distance given byspecial/magic precession angles.

κ

θ

+

κ

θ

+

ϕ

κ

θ

+

ϕ ϕ

Pöschl-Teller (PT) and Sine-Gordon Nonlinear Potentials

The KC-O is based on the pull-pack (4) applied to the PT Schrödingerequation [2] with nonlinear potentials and hypergeometric(5)narrowing the magic angular range, handling both curvatures byanalytic continuation. This form can directly be obtained consideringthe SO(3) and

SO(2,1)

rotations subject to equ. (1), where representthe Wigner rotation-transition matrix elements [7]. The hyperbolic

SO(2,1)

solution has been assigned to the DNA helix structure [1] as aminimal surface in accordance with equ. (3), which means that astereographic projection (2) is part of the Hamiltonian. TheGudermannian (2) can be written as

(6)

showing a sine/sinhGordon-Bäcklundtype solitoniclocal twist.

Fig 2

: Assume the spin axis rolls in the bearing (on the rim of the groove byfriction) according to equation (1). Thisenables with equ. (2)-(3) and

M

>> 1 tocontrol a high frequency spin externally by a low frequency holonomy (surfacearea) modulation, where the distancedependent holonomy effect can beillustrated with geodesic triangles [5,6].Since 1973 there exists a patentedmechanical toy (Mishler, GyrotwisterorPowerball US Patent #3,726,146,)

22

d,d

V E

κ

Ψ Ψ Ψ θ

±± ± ± ±±

+ =

( ) ( )

2 2

,sin cos

a bV

κ κ

κθ κθ

±± ±

= +

∓ ∓

Ψ

±

Ψ

±

( )

22

d 1sin 2d 2

κ κ κ

θ κ θ ϕ

±±

= −

∓

∓

( )

V

θ

± ±

κ

θ

−

κ

ϕ

−

The Kepler/Coulomb -Oscillator relation (KC-O)

[2]

(4)well known since Schrödinger. Here it describes a gyoscopicdissipationof holonomy, where a negative exponential loxodromicoscillation ofthe spin axis on the sphere is mapped to a helical path on the cylinderwith Kepler-Coulomb radial dependence. The optimum distanceand magic precession can be iteratively obtained for a given

M

.

κ

θ

+

1/

κ

ϕ

−

/

dcosh ,d

M

M e

κ κ κ

κ θ θ κ κ κ κ κ

ϕ ϕ ϕ θ θ

++ −

+−− −− +

∝ = =

The Rolling Rotation of the Rotator

Given three Euler angles , a special holonomic condition (characterizing a rotated rotation likea rolling cone) with interesting properties providing for a Berry geometric phase on a spherical surface isgiven by [4, 5, 6] (curvature index

κ

)

(1)

Mapping this (rolling) rotation of the rotator axis onto a cylinder by aMercator stereographic projection corresponds to a Gudermannian relation

(2)

where the axis tilt angle is mapped onto the height of the cylinder [7].With linearly related to the hyperbolic height by a helical pitch

M,

we get(3)a helix projected to a loxodromeon the sphere, see fig 1. Eqs. (1)–(3) lead to

,

M

κ κ

ϕ ϕ

+−

=

1 dcos ,cosh d

κ κ κ κ

θ θ ϕ ϕ

++− −

= =

cos .

κ κ

θ θ ϕ

−+

⇔ =

( )

1 cos

Berry

κ κ

γ ϕ θ ϕ θ

− +

= − = −

, ,

κ κ

ϕ θ θ

− +

κ

ϕ

−

κ

ϕ

−

κ

ϕ

−

Fig 1

: Stereographic projections of theMercator/Gudermann type with adistance-dependent holonomy relatedto a KC-O-type interaction. Top: loxo-dromesto helicoids. Above: solitonwave packets with distance given byspecial/magic precession angles.

κ

θ

+

κ

θ

+

κ

θ

+

ϕ

κ

θ

+

ϕ ϕ

Pöschl-Teller (PT) and Sine-Gordon Nonlinear Potentials

The KC-O is based on the pull-pack (4) applied to the PT Schrödingerequation [2] with nonlinear potentials and hypergeometric(5)narrowing the magic angular range, handling both curvatures byanalytic continuation. This form can directly be obtained consideringthe SO(3) and

SO(2,1)

rotations subject to equ. (1), where representthe Wigner rotation-transition matrix elements [7]. The hyperbolic

SO(2,1)

solution has been assigned to the DNA helix structure [1] as aminimal surface in accordance with equ. (3), which means that astereographic projection (2) is part of the Hamiltonian. TheGudermannian (2) can be written as

(6)

showing a sine/sinhGordon-Bäcklundtype solitoniclocal twist.

Fig 2

: Assume the spin axis rolls in the bearing (on the rim of the groove byfriction) according to equation (1). Thisenables with equ. (2)-(3) and

M

>> 1 tocontrol a high frequency spin externally by a low frequency holonomy (surfacearea) modulation, where the distancedependent holonomy effect can beillustrated with geodesic triangles [5,6].Since 1973 there exists a patentedmechanical toy (Mishler, GyrotwisterorPowerball US Patent #3,726,146,)

22

d,d

V E

κ

Ψ Ψ Ψ θ

±± ± ± ±±

+ =

( ) ( )

2 2

,sin cos

a bV

κ κ

κθ κθ

±± ±

= +

∓ ∓

Ψ

±

Ψ

±

( )

22

d 1sin 2d 2

κ κ κ

θ κ θ ϕ

±±

= −

∓

∓

( )

V

θ

± ±

κ

θ

−

κ

ϕ

−

33

Increasing Dimensionality, Curvature-Invariance

We can add to the 1-dimensional Gudermann relation another complementaryGudermannian. This provides for a

2x2

-dimensional (vector) cross-relation on geodesicsurfaces with different curvature signs, leading to the curvature-invariant ( ) forms(8)

cos ,

M

κ κ κ κ

θ κθ ϕ

++++

= +

1 dcos ,dcos

κ κ κ κ

θ κθ ϕ κϕ

−−++

− = =+

fast,localslow,globalHyperb.Ellipt.

κ

θ

+

κ

ϕ

−

κ

θ

−

κ

ϕ

+

κ κ

+ ↔ −

Magic Angle Precession if [4-7] . The closed/recurrent geodesic flow betweenmetric spaces of different constant curvature will be relevant to holographic encoding,where it is necessary to have also a proper decoding process to get the information back.Note, we get for and one loop on thespherean accurate value for theSommerfeld fine-structure constant , where the Berryphase can beassigned to the deviation from the integral monopole quantum number

M

. Consideringthe angular length ratio we get a special kind of isometry confirming eqs. (1) and (3), seefigs. 3, 4: if one angular dynamic drives the other (precession as agauge potential driving spin currents) the invariant angular ratioprovides for a good transmission of spin current between spacesof different curvature, see fig.4, maybe relevant to twister dynamics.

1

137.036

κ

πα θ

−+

= ≈

κ

ϕ π

+

=

137

M

=

tan( ) sin( ), sin( ) tan( ),

κ κ κ κ

κθ κϕ κθ κϕ

± ±

± = ± =

∓ ∓

∓ ∓

0

C

0

B

0

A

0

ϕ

κ

ϕ

−

κ

ϕ

+

κ

θ

+

κ

θ

−

0

θ

0

C C C

κ κ

−+

> >

Holonomy:

00

A A B B B

κ κ κ κ

+ −+ −

= == =

line of constant azimuth

C

κ

−

C

κ

+

00

R i

κ κ

ϕ

→±

→

Fig 3

: Triangular relations oftwo coupled rotations (on thesphere spin and precession)projected onto surfaces withdifferent curvature along thelines of constant azimuthrelevant to parallel transporton surfaces with alternatingcurvature [6].

Fig 4

: Applications: transpor-ting spin currents on surfaceswith alternating curvatures but same impedance, Blochsurfaces [6].

( )( )

00

sinsin.sinsin

B A

κ κ κ κ

κθ θ ϕ κϕ

±±±±

±= =±

N

-dimensional Stereographic Projection

In ambient Weierstrasscoordinates [3]representing spherical or hyperbolical surfaceswe can encode the (holographic) depth coordinate by a stereo-graphic projection to Poincaréspace coordinates , with(9)an inversion in , and radial distance in both systems given byis the common variable in parts of the superintegrable

N

-dim.Hamiltonian [3] and maps between KC, oscillator , monopole,and PT-potential terms from inversion by switching curvature(10)The mass scalar part of the kinetic energy term

T

is

given

by

(11)

2,1

κ

=±

2

qxq

( )

tan2,1

R

κ κ

κθ κ κ

±±

= = =±

222

qxq

∓

2 2 21

,2 2

N iii

b H T R R q R

κ κ κ

µ α

=± ± ±

= + + +

∑

2 2

p

.

R R

κ κ κ κ

+ −+ −

=

( )

4dd ,1

s

κ

=±

2222

qq

( )

12

tan .

κ

κθ

±

= ±

2

q

N

∈

q

ℝ

20

1

x

κ

± =

2

x

10 0 1

( , ) ( , ,..., )

N N

x x x x

+

= ⊂

x

ℝ

0

x

0

1,1

x

κ κ

=±

22

qq

∓

0

x

2

,2 2

T R m

κ κ

± ±

= =

2 2 2

q p p

m

κ

±

=

p q,

ɺ

2

, ,

m

κ κ κ

λ λ

± ± ±

= =

x q

2202

(1 ) .

Berry

m x

κ

γ ϕ

±

= − =

R

κ

±

2

R

κ

±

2 2 2 2

,

Berry

R

κ

ϕ γ

±

=

q

j

κ

ϕ π

+

=

Increasing Dimensionality, Curvature-Invariance

We can add to the 1-dimensional Gudermann relation another complementaryGudermannian. This provides for a

2x2

-dimensional (vector) cross-relation on geodesicsurfaces with different curvature signs, leading to the curvature-invariant ( ) forms(8)

cos ,

M

κ κ κ κ

θ κθ ϕ

++++

= +

1 dcos ,dcos

κ κ κ κ

θ κθ ϕ κϕ

−−++

− = =+

fast,localslow,globalHyperb.Ellipt.

κ

θ

+

κ

ϕ

−

κ

θ

−

κ

ϕ

+

κ κ

+ ↔ −

Magic Angle Precession if [4-7] . The closed/recurrent geodesic flow betweenmetric spaces of different constant curvature will be relevant to holographic encoding,where it is necessary to have also a proper decoding process to get the information back.Note, we get for and one loop on thespherean accurate value for theSommerfeld fine-structure constant , where the Berryphase can beassigned to the deviation from the integral monopole quantum number

M

. Consideringthe angular length ratio we get a special kind of isometry confirming eqs. (1) and (3), seefigs. 3, 4: if one angular dynamic drives the other (precession as agauge potential driving spin currents) the invariant angular ratioprovides for a good transmission of spin current between spacesof different curvature, see fig.4, maybe relevant to twister dynamics.

1

137.036

κ

πα θ

−+

= ≈

κ

ϕ π

+

=

137

M

=

tan( ) sin( ), sin( ) tan( ),

κ κ κ κ

κθ κϕ κθ κϕ

± ±

± = ± =

∓ ∓

∓ ∓

0

C

0

B

0

A

0

ϕ

κ

ϕ

−

κ

ϕ

+

κ

θ

+

κ

θ

−

0

θ

0

C C C

κ κ

−+

> >

Holonomy:

00

A A B B B

κ κ κ κ

+ −+ −

= == =

line of constant azimuth

C

κ

−

C

κ

+

00

R i

κ κ

ϕ

→±

→

Fig 3

: Triangular relations oftwo coupled rotations (on thesphere spin and precession)projected onto surfaces withdifferent curvature along thelines of constant azimuthrelevant to parallel transporton surfaces with alternatingcurvature [6].

Fig 4

: Applications: transpor-ting spin currents on surfaceswith alternating curvatures but same impedance, Blochsurfaces [6].

( )( )

00

sinsin.sinsin

B A

κ κ κ κ

κθ θ ϕ κϕ

±±±±

±= =±

N

-dimensional Stereographic Projection

In ambient Weierstrasscoordinates [3]representing spherical or hyperbolical surfaceswe can encode the (holographic) depth coordinate by a stereo-graphic projection to Poincaréspace coordinates , with(9)an inversion in , and radial distance in both systems given byis the common variable in parts of the superintegrable

N

-dim.Hamiltonian [3] and maps between KC, oscillator , monopole,and PT-potential terms from inversion by switching curvature(10)The mass scalar part of the kinetic energy term

T

is

given

by

(11)

2,1

κ

=±

2

qxq

( )

tan2,1

R

κ κ

κθ κ κ

±±

= = =±

222

qxq

∓

2 2 21

,2 2

N iii

b H T R R q R

κ κ κ

µ α

=± ± ±

= + + +

∑

2 2

p

.

R R

κ κ κ κ

+ −+ −

=

( )

4dd ,1

s

κ

=±

2222

qq

( )

12

tan .

κ

κθ

±

= ±

2

q

N

∈

q

ℝ

20

1

x

κ

± =

2

x

10 0 1

( , ) ( , ,..., )

N N

x x x x

+

= ⊂

x

ℝ

0

x

0

1,1

x

κ κ

=±

22

qq

∓

0

x

2

,2 2

T R m

κ κ

± ±

= =

2 2 2

q p p

m

κ

±

=

p q,

ɺ

2

, ,

m

κ κ κ

λ λ

± ± ±

= =

x q

2202

(1 ) .

Berry

m x

κ

γ ϕ

±

= − =

R

κ

±

2

R

κ

±

2 2 2 2

,

Berry

R

κ

ϕ γ

±

=

q

j

κ

ϕ π

+

=