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Improve your reading skills

Improve your reading skills



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Published by Gerber
article about reading skills
article about reading skills

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Published by: Gerber on Apr 25, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Improve your reading skills
Can't seem to finish a book before it has to go back to the library? Can't remember thatmuch of what you read? Is reading a confusing and unpleasant experience? Well, here issome information to help you improve your general and speed reading skills.
Improving reading skills
You can learn anything if you pay attention! Reading takes effortand you must make the effort. The preview, questioning, eye-movement and othermethods mentioned below will help you pay attention and get more involved withthe reading material.
Preview the Chapter:
By doing a preview on each chapter as you go along, you willorganize your mind before you begin to read, build a structure for the thoughts anddetails to come, you will be able to sort, understand and remember the informationbetter. Here's how to preview a chapter when information retention and speed isimportant:
Preview Time:
Take 30 to 60 seconds to do a preview
Formulate Questions:
Mentally formulate questions about the chapter as setout in the following points. For study purposes, these questions can be noteddown for doing a review after reading the chapter. These questions make yougoal-oriented, give you something to look for, to find out. Having a clear goal,you are likely to reach it.
Formulate the title into a question
Important Points:
Question what the most important points are by looking atall the headings, subheadings and marked, italic, boldface or coloured print.
Question how the chapter fits the most important points
Question what point do the images make? Look over any graphics,charts, maps, diagrams, pictures or illustrations.
Overview Text:
Skim over the passage, reading the first and last paragraphand glancing at the first sentence of every other paragraph.
Read each section of the chapter with your questions in mind. Look for theanswers, and take note of questions you
think of that were answered in thatsection.
Skip Selectively:
Be selective about what you read. You are not cheating by readingselective sections from a textbook, in fact, lecturers recommend it. Most textbooksare not designed to be read cover to cover.
Questioning Manner:
Read the passage in a
manner - as if you wereseaching for something. This improves retention of the information.
When you read for study purposes, stop after each section of reading, thinkabout your questions, and see if you can answer them from memory.
Eye Stops:
When we read, our eyes must make small stops along the line. Poorreaders make many, many more eyestops than good readers. Read in phrases of three or four words - meaning is easier to pull from groups of words rather than fromindividual words.
Re-reading phrases:
Re-reading the same phrase over and over again doubles ortriples reading time without resulting in better comprehension. Work on paying
closer attention the first time you read. For difficult text, do a very careful previewfirst and do not reread.
Reading fast involves only the eyes and the brain.
is the actualmoving of your lips, and
is talking to yourself in your head as yousilently read. You will slow down to the point where you read as fast as you speak,about 250 words per minute. Vocalization ties reading to actual speaking. Reading isas if you were looking at a landscape, a panorama of ideas, rather than looking at therocks at your feet.
Varying Reading Rates :
Vary your reading rate to suit the difficulty and type of writing of the text. Poor readers always read at the same slow rate. An efficientreader speeds up for easier material and slows down for the hard. Here are somedifferent types of materials:
Very Difficult Text:
Some very difficult text were not meant to be read quicklyat all, like legal material.
Easier Material:
Magazines and newspapers can be read quickly
Poetry and Plays:
These were meant to be spoken out loud orally and is notreally experienced if you "speed read" the text, it often requires somevocalization.
Scripture were written for an intelligent, but illiterate audience
Finally for information retention, close the book and question what theauthor's purpose is.
Improving speed reading skills
Reading speed has no known theoretical limit. A speed of between 800 and 1200 wpm cancomfortably be reached by permanent speed readers, without any constant practise anddrilling. Reading speed varies according to the complexity of the reading material, type, face,print quality, grammar, style etc.Anybody can learn how to speed read, regardless of their IQ and age. Speed readingmethods help a good reader to read much faster and better in very little time. Once youhave mastered the speed reading techniques, you cannot loose the skill.Speed reading entails a handful of easy methods that helps focus your attention better.
Posture and Position:
It is important that you sit up straight, hold the book down withyour left hand, and use your right hand to do the pacing.
Reading Experience:
You should have a solid basic reading experience before youattempt to speed read, or you will experience problems in comprehension andvocabulary.
Get a general idea of what you will be covering and of the type of writing.
Choose a Pacing Method:
You may find that one method is more suitable for aparticular type of book. Find the one that works best.
Comprehension of the text will not good if the reader is taught toread all different types of material as fast as they can. Comprehension, speed and
fluency depend on what you are reading and how well you can focus
active attentionon meaning
Practice Pacing Methods:
It takes about three or four session before you getaccustomed to a particular pacing method.
Speed reading allows you to read at speeds closer to thinking speed, withgreater concentration, for longer periods, supported by fewer reading irritations thusenchancing the enjoyment of reading.Pacing methodsYour eye gets drawn to motion on the page as you pace yourself, here are a few methods:
Place your dominant hand on the page and slowly move it straight down thepage, drawing your eyes down as you read.
Your eyes may not be exactly where your hand is, but this simple motion willhelp you go faster.
Keep an even, slow motion, as if your right hand has its own mind.
Keep the movement slow and easy.
Only do it once per page.
Use a card
the line of print to block the words after you have readthem.
Draw the card down the page slowly and evenly and try to read the passagebefore you cover the words up.
This helps break you of the habit of reading and reading a passage over andover again.
It makes you pay more attention the first time.
Be sure to push the card down faster than you think you can go.
Slide the card down once per page.
Use your hand to help draw your eyes across the page.
Slighty cup your right hand. Keep your fingers together.
With a very light and smooth motion, sweep your fingers from left to right,underlining the line with the tip of your tallest finger from about an inch inand an inch out on each line.
Use your whole arm to move, balancing on your arm muscle.
Imagine that you are dusting off salt from the page.
Similar to the
method is the
, but in the
you actually lift yourfingers and make two even bounces on each line.
Each time you bounce, you are making a fixation which hopefully catches setsof three or four words.
Moving to a
method also makes it easier to keep a steady pace as it is alot like tapping our fingers on a desk.
Balance on your arm muscle, don't just wiggle your wrist.

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