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-linear law
-SPM qt.
-linear law
-SPM qt.

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07/10/2013

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43
Paper 11
y
=
px
2
+
qx y x
=
px
+
q
For the point (2, 6),
x
=
2 and
y x
=
6.
6
=
p
(2)
+
q

For the point (10, 2),
x
=
10 and
y x
=
2.
2
=
p
(10)
+
q

:

4
=
8
p
p
=
12
From
:6
=
12
⎛ ⎝  ⎠
(2)
+
q
q
=
7

2
y
=
7
x
2
x
3
y x
2
=
7
x
The straight line passes through thepoint (2,
h
). Thus,
x
=
2and
y x
2
=
h
.
y x
2
=
7
xh
=
7
2
h
=
5
The straight line passes through thepoint (
, 3). Thus,
x
=
and
y x
2
=
3.
y x
2
=
7
x
3
=
7
=
4

3
(a)
2
mx y
=
log
10
y
=
log
10
mx
2
log
10
y
=
log
10
m
+
log
10
x
2
log
10
y
=
log
10
m
+
2log
10
x
log
10
y
=
2log
10
x
+
log
10
m
(b) (i)
-intercept
=

1log
10
m
=
1
m
=
10
1
m
=
110
=
2
(
1)2
0
=
2
+
1
=
4
=
3

4

y
=
3
x
3
+
4
y x
3
=
3
+
4
x
3
y x
3
=
41
x
3
⎛ ⎝  ⎞ ⎠
3(
=
4
X
+
c
) By comparison,
=
y x
3
and
X
=
1
x
3
.
Form 5: Chapter 13 (Linear Law)SPM FlashbackFully-Worked Solutions
-interceptDivide throughout by
x
3
.Rearrange

44
Paper 21
(a)
x
1 2 3 4 5
y
1.32 1.76 2.83 5.51 13.00
x
2

1 4 9 16 25
log
10

y
0.121 0.246 0.452 0.7411.114 The graph of log
10

y
against
x
2
is as shownbelow.(b)
y
=
ab
x
2
log
10
y
=
log
10
a
+
x
2
log
10
b
(i)
-intercept
=
0.08log
10
a
=
0.08
a
=
antilog 0.08
a
=
1.2
=
0.74
0.1216
1 log
10
b
=
0.6215
=
0.04133
b
=
antilog 0.04133
b
=
1.1

Non-linearLinear

45
2
(a)
x
2 4 6 8 10 12
y
5.18 11.64 26.20 58.95 132.63298.42
log
10

y
0.71 1.07 1.42 1.77 2.12 2.47
y
=
pk
x
log
10
y
=
log
10
p
+
x
log
10
The graph of log
10

y
against
x
is a straight-line graph, as shown below:(b) (i) log
10
p
=
-interceptlog
10
p
=
0.36
p
=
2.29
(ii) log
10
=
10
=
2.12
1.4210
6log
10
=
0.74log
10
=
0.175
=
1.5

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