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additional mathematics

-linear law

-SPM qt.

-linear law

-SPM qt.

additional mathematics

-linear law

-SPM qt.

-linear law

-SPM qt.

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43

Paper 11

y

=

px

2

+

qx y x

=

px

+

q

For the point (2, 6),

x

=

2 and

y x

=

6.

∴

6

=

p

(2)

+

q

…

For the point (10, 2),

x

=

10 and

y x

=

2.

∴

2

=

p

(10)

+

q

…

−

:

−

4

=

8

p

⇒

p

=−

12

From

:6

=−

12

⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎠⎟

(2)

+

q

⇒

q

=

7

2

y

=

7

x

2

−

x

3

y x

2

=

7

−

x

The straight line passes through thepoint (2,

h

). Thus,

x

=

2and

y x

2

=

h

.

y x

2

=

7

−

xh

=

7

−

2

h

=

5

The straight line passes through thepoint (

k

, 3). Thus,

x

=

k

and

y x

2

=

3.

y x

2

=

7

−

x

3

=

7

−

k k

=

4

3

(a)

2

mx y

=

log

10

y

=

log

10

mx

2

log

10

y

=

log

10

m

+

log

10

x

2

log

10

y

=

log

10

m

+

2log

10

x

log

10

y

=

2log

10

x

+

log

10

m

(b) (i)

Y

-intercept

=

−

1log

10

m

=−

1

m

=

10

−

1

m

=

110

(ii) Gradient

=

2

k

−

(

−

1)2

−

0

=

2

k

+

1

=

4

k

=

3

4

y

=−

3

x

3

+

4

y x

3

=−

3

+

4

x

3

y x

3

=

41

x

3

⎛ ⎝ ⎜ ⎞ ⎠⎟−

3(

Y

=

4

X

+

c

) By comparison,

Y

=

y x

3

and

X

=

1

x

3

.

Form 5: Chapter 13 (Linear Law)SPM FlashbackFully-Worked Solutions

Gradient

Y

-interceptDivide throughout by

x

3

.Rearrange

44

Paper 21

(a)

x

1 2 3 4 5

y

1.32 1.76 2.83 5.51 13.00

x

2

1 4 9 16 25

log

10

y

0.121 0.246 0.452 0.7411.114 The graph of log

10

y

against

x

2

is as shownbelow.(b)

y

=

ab

x

2

log

10

y

=

log

10

a

+

x

2

log

10

b

(i)

Y

-intercept

=

0.08log

10

a

=

0.08

a

=

antilog 0.08

a

=

1.2

(ii) Gradient

=

0.74

−

0.1216

−

1 log

10

b

=

0.6215

=

0.04133

b

=

antilog 0.04133

b

=

1.1

→↑

Non-linearLinear

45

2

(a)

x

2 4 6 8 10 12

y

5.18 11.64 26.20 58.95 132.63298.42

log

10

y

0.71 1.07 1.42 1.77 2.12 2.47

y

=

pk

x

log

10

y

=

log

10

p

+

x

log

10

k

The graph of log

10

y

against

x

is a straight-line graph, as shown below:(b) (i) log

10

p

=

Y

-interceptlog

10

p

=

0.36

p

=

2.29

(ii) log

10

k

=

gradientlog

10

k

=

2.12

−

1.4210

−

6log

10

k

=

0.74log

10

k

=

0.175

k

=

1.5

→↑

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