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The Search of the Origins of Melayu Malay Sriwijaya Melaka

The Search of the Origins of Melayu Malay Sriwijaya Melaka

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Published by Raistz
The Search of the Origins of Melayu by Leonard Y. Andaya
The Search of the Origins of Melayu by Leonard Y. Andaya

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Raistz on Feb 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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 Afrgdj f`\fsebd|s D|ndg \scnb|*<? %<.*yy <42(<<9 Flsfobr ?994'
Yrngsbc ng seb Rgnsbc Kngmcfh'® ?994 Seb Gdsnfgdj Rgnpbr|ns~ f`\ngmdyfrb
Seb \bdrle `fr seb ―Frnmng|„ f` Hbjd~
Jbfgdrc ^' Dgcd~d!
Od|bc fg jngmn|snl*drledbfjfmnldj*dgc en|sfrnldj bpncbglb*sen| b||d~ cb|lrnob| seb bgpnrfghbgs seds  yrfclbc seb ljsrb d||flndsbc }nse seb ―Hbjd~*fr seb Hdjd~|'Ns dj|f drmb| seds Hbjd~bsegnlns~ }d| gbpbr yrbcbsbrhngbc os }d| lfgsb|sbc fg ofse |ncb| f`seb \srdns| f`Hbjdkd'
Ng rblbgs ~bdr| d ghobr f`}rnsngm| edpb budhngbc seb hbdgngm f`Hdjd~gb||'
4
]enjb hf|s|lefjdr| }fjc dmrbb seds bsegnl ncbgsns~ n| lfg|sdgsj~ obngm rblfg|srlsbc ng seb `dlb f`ledgmngmlnrlh|sdglb|*sebrb n| jb|| |yyfrs `fr seb ncbd f`dg ―b||bgsndj„lfrb seds cb`ngb| d mrfy'
?
^bsyfyjdr objnb`ng d yrnhfrcndj lfrb ybr|n|s| dgc f`sbg n| seb yrnhdr~ |snhj| `fr mrfy dlsnfg'Seb|en`sngm bjbhbgs| seds lfg|snssb seb lfrb rbpbdj nhyfrsdgs lfglbrg| f`d lbrsdng bsegnlns~ ds dydrsnljdr yfngs ng snhb*dgc njjhngdsb seb nhydls f`d |ybln`nl en|sfrnldj |nsdsnfg'D mrfy n|dj}d~| d}drb f`ns| yd|s*dgc budhngb| ns ybrnfcnldjj~ sf ncbgsn`~ bjbhbgs| seds bhyed|n|b ns|gntbgb|| ng rb|yfg|b sf yrb||ngm lnrlh|sdglb|'
<
Dg bulbjjbgs budhyjb f`sen| yrflb|| }d| seb dglnbgs rnpdjr~ obs}bbg yfjnsnb| fg ofse |ncb| f` seb \srdns| f`Hbjdkd |bbkngm sf oblfhb seb jbdcngm lbgsrb f`seb Hdjd~ }frjc'Seb fslfhb }d| gfscbsbrhngbc gsnj seb b|sdojn|ehbgs f`Ornsn|e lfjfgndj rjb fg seb ―Hdjd~„Ybgng|jd ng seb jdsbgngbsbbgse lbgsr~'Bdmbr sf a|sn`~ sebnr yrb|bglb fg seb ybgng|jd dgc `frb|sdjj lfg`jnls| }nse sebCsle dlrf|| seb \srdns|*seb Ornsn|e lrbdsbc dg bgsnrb lfjfgndj ngsbjjblsdj bgsbryrn|b sbrhbc o~ fgb|lefjdr*―Hdjd~n|snl|„'
3
Seb bgsbryrn|b rbng`frlbc ncbd| seds seb efhbjdgc*dgc ebglb seb lbgsrb*f` 
<42
!Jbfgdrc ^'Dgcd~d n| d Yrf`b||fr ng seb Cbydrshbgs f`En|sfr~ ds seb Rgnpbr|ns~ f`Ed}dnn ds Hdgfd'B(hdnjlfrrb|yfgcbglb ldg ob cnrblsbc sf dgcd~dIed}dnn'bc'4D'L'Hnjgbr*
Kbrdaddg1 Hdjd~ Yfjnsnldj Ljsrb fg seb Bpb f`Lfjfgndj _jb 
%Sl|fg1Rgnpbr|ns~ f`Drnqfgd Yrb||*4>5?.;Hnjgbr*
Ngpbgsnfg f`Yfjnsnl| ng Lfjfgndj Hdjd~d1 Lfgsb|sngm Gdsnfgdjn|h dgc seb Buydg|nfg f`seb Yojnl \yebrb 
%Gb}^frk1Ldhorncmb Rgnpbr|ns~ Yrb||*4>>2.;Hnjgbr*―Ncbfjfmnldj ]frk ng Lfg|srlsngm seb Hdjd~ Hdafrns~„*dgc \edh|j D'O'*―Orbdlrdsnl Hdgdmbhbgs f`Ncbgsns~ ng d Hfcbrg \sdsb*ng
Hdkngm Hdafrnsnb|1 Lfg|snssngm seb Gdsnfg ng Adydg*Kfrbd*Lengd*Hdjd~|nd*@nan*Srkb~*dgc seb Rgnsbc \sdsb| 
*bc'Cr Mjdcgb~ %\sdg`frc1\sdg`frc Rgnpbr|ns~ Yrb||*4>>5.*yy'424(0>*4<2(29;Adgb Crdkdrc*
D Kngmcfh f`]frc|1 Jdgmdmb dgc Yf}br ng \hdsrd 
%Kdjd Jhyr1Fu`frcRgnpbr|ns~ Yrb||*4>>>.;Crdkdrc*
D Hdjd~ @rfgsnbr1 Rgns~ dgc Cdjns~ ng d \hdsrdg Kngmcfh
%Nsedld1Lfrgb NN \fsebd|sD|nd Yrfmrdh*4>>9.;Ebgcrnk H'A'Hdnbr*
Ng seb Lbgsbr f`Dsefrns~1 Seb Hdjd~ Enkd~ds Hbrfgm Hded}dgm|d 
%Nsedld1Lfrgbjj \fsebd|s D|nd Yrfmrdh*4>55.;dgc Dcrndg Pnlkbr|*―‚Hdjd~ Ncbgsns~‘1Hfcbrgns~*Ngpbgsbc Srdcnsnfg*dgc @frh|f`Kgf}jbcmb„*
_bpnb} f`Ngcfgb|ndg dgc Hdjd~|ndg D``dnr| 
*<4*4 %Agb 4>>=.14=<(?44'?Sebrb n| d jdrmb dhfgs f`jnsbrdsrb fg bsegnlns~ dgc ncbgsns~*}rnssbg yrnglnydjj~ o~ dgserfyfjfmn|s|'Seb cbodsbed| |}gm obs}bbg s}f yfjb|*}nse fgb drmngm seb bun|sbglb f`―yrnhfrcndj„pdjb| seds ncbgsn`~ d mrfy*dgc seb fsebrbhyed|n|ngm ng|sbdc seb ―|nsdsnfgdj„lnrlh|sdglb| seds cbsbrhngb }ef d mrfy n| ds dg~ ydrsnljdr snhb dgc yjdlb'Sebrbn| dj|f dg ngsbrhbcndsb yf|nsnfg seds |mmb|s| seds sebrb n| d cndjblsnl ds yjd~*ng }enle seb yrnhfrcndj pdjb| ledgmb ngrb|yfg|b sf lnrlh|sdglb| }nse rbngsbryrbsdsnfg| oblfhngm srdg|`frhbc dgc rbn`nbc d| d yrnhfrcndj |bgsnhbgs'Bsegnlns~ dgc ncbgsns~ drb se| gfs `nubc os lfgsngdjj~ hfpngm obs}bbg yrnhfrcndjn|h dgc |nsdsnfgdjn|h dgc bpfjpngm ng d |ynrdj`d|enfg'\bb b|yblndjj~*\sbyebg Lfrgbjj dgc Cfmjd| Edrshdgg*
Bsegnlns~ dgc _dlb1 Hdkngm Ncbgsnsnb| ng d Ledgmngm ]frjc 
%Sef|dgc Fdk|1Yngb @frmb Yrb||*4>>5.'Seb }frkngm f`|le d cndjblsnl ed| nhyfrsdgs nhyjnldsnfg| `fr sebngsbryrbsdsnfg f`\fsebd|s D|ndg en|sfr~'<Sen| n| seb dyyrfdle seds N dh sdkngm ng h~ jdsb|s yrfabls sf budhngb seb yrflb|| f`bsegnl `frhdsnfg ng seb \srdns| f` Hbjdkd ng seb bdrj~ hfcbrg ybrnfc %l'4299(l'4599.'3Hdnbr*
Ng seb Lbgsbr f`Dsefrns~ 
'
 
seb Hdjd~| }d| fg seb ybgng|jd*dgc seds seb `n`sbbgse(lbgsr~ kngmcfh f`Hbjdkd }d| seb lrdcjbf`Hdjd~ lnpnjn|dsnfg'Yrfybr obedpnfr*l|sfhdr~ jd}| dgc |sdgcdrc| f`mfpbrghbgs*jdgmdmbdgc jnsbrdsrb cbrnpbc `rfh seb frdj dgc }rnssbg srdcnsnfg| f`Hbjdkd obldhb ―yrnhfrcndj„pdjb|d||flndsbc }nse obngm Hdjd~'Seb ngcbybgcbgs @bcbrdsnfg f`Hdjd~|nd rbsdngbc sen| pnb} f`Hdjd~ en|sfr~'En|sfrnldj bpncbglb f`Hdjd~ dgsblbcbgs| fs|ncb seb ybgng|jd }d| rdrbj~ cn|l||bc*dgc`b} ncbgsn`nbc seb dglnbgs kngmcfh f`\rnpnad~d d| d Hdjd~ |sdsb obld|b ns }d| jfldsbc fg sebNgcfgb|ndg |ncb f`seb \srdns|'
2
Hle mrbdsbr ngsbrb|s }d| |ef}g ng|sbdc ng seb rblbgs drledbfjfmnldj`ngc| ng seb Oadgm Pdjjb~ ng Kbcde obld|b*gjnkb seb |sfr~ f`\rnpnad~d*seb~ yrfpncb mrbdsbr cbysesf seb en|sfr~ f`d Hdjd~ yrb|bglb ng seb ybgng|jd'Sen| n| dg budhyjb f`ef} seb |f(ldjjbcyrnhfrcndj b||bglb f`d mrfy hd~ ledgmb fr ob rbng`frlbc serfme rb`brbglb sf d |ybln`nl yd|s sedsn| ncbgsn`nbc dgc ngsbryrbsbc*fr rbngsbryrbsbc*`fr lrrbgs bsegnl gbbc|'
0
Hfrbfpbr*d| ng seb ld|b f` seb Hdjd~|*dssbgsnfg sf seb yd|s hd~ rbpbdj jngkdmb| seds edpb obbg fo|lrbc o~ hfcbrg gdsnfg(|sdsb ofgcdrnb| dgc |en`s| ng }d~| f`cb`ngngm bsegnlnsnb|'Ng sen| ydybr N }njj ebrbd`sbr |b seb sbrh ―Hbjd~„ng yrb`brbglb sf ns| Bgmjn|e srdg|jdsnfg―Hdjd~„`fr s}f rbd|fg|'@nr|s f`djj*seb sbrh n| hbgsnfgbc ng seb bdrjnb|s cflhbgs| dgc lfgsngb|sf ob seb dyybjjdsnfg `fr ydrsnljdr yjdlb| dgc ybfyjb| serfmefs en|sfr~'\blfgc*―Hbjd~n| jb||yfjnsnldj*dgc n| |nsdojb `fr cn|l||ngm d rbmnfg seds ng seb yd|s lrf||bc yrb|bgs(cd~ ngsbrgdsnfgdjofrcbr|'O~ srdlngm seb |b f`sen| sbrh en|sfrnldjj~*ns n| yf||nojb sf |mmb|s seds d Hbjd~ bsegnlns~ }d| obngm cbpbjfybc djfgm seb \srdns| f`Hbjdkd obmnggngm ybredy| d| bdrj~ d| seb |bpbgse lbgsr~'Fgj~ hle jdsbr cnc seb ljsrb f`seb Hbjd~ obmng sf |yrbdc ob~fgc seb|b |efrb|'
=
Ng d|kngm }ebrb dgc ef} Hbjd~ bsegnlns~ hd~ edpb bpfjpbc*seb n||b n| gfs sf yngyfngs sebbudls snhb dgc yjdlb f`seb frnmng| f`seb mrfy*os sf rbpbdj seb yrflb|| f`bsegnl `frhdsnfg'Serfmefs en|sfr~ pdrnf| bpbgs| dgc d|ybls| f`|flnbs~ edpb obbg |bjblsbc*rbdrrdgmbc dgcrbngsbryrbsbc sf lrbdsb seb ―lfrbf`dg bsegnl ncbgsns~'D| gb} rb|bdrle busbgc| kgf}jbcmb f`sebHbjd~*`rb|e lfhyfgbgs| oblfhb dpdnjdojb `fr nglj|nfg ng }eds ybfyjb |bb d| ―yrnhfrcndj„*dgc |fseb cndjblsnl lfgsngb| sf seb yrb|bgs cd~'Ng sen| b||d~ seb |bdrle `fr frnmng| f`seb Hbjd~ n|ngsbgcbc gfs sf yrfpncb cb`ngnsnpb dg|}br| os sf |kbsle seb en|sfrnldj bgpnrfghbgs }enle yrfclbcseb lfgcnsnfg| `fr d |ybln`nldjj~ Hbjd~ bsegnl d}drbgb||'
Dyybdrdglb f` seb ―Hbjd~„
Seb |sfr~ |efjc ybredy| obmng ng Sdn}dg*seb efhbjdgc f`seb Yrfsf(D|srfgb|ndg |ybdkbr|'Od|bc fg drledbfjfmnldj dgc jngmn|snl bpncbglb*ns n| objnbpbc seds seb|b ybfyjb }brb ng Sdn}dgobs}bbg 3999 dgc <999 OLB'Seb~ sebg hnmrdsbc fs}drc obs}bbg ?299 dgc 4299 OLB serfme sebYenjnyyngb|*seb gfrsebrg edj`f`Ofrgbf*\jd}b|n*lbgsrdj Adpd dgc bd|sbrg Ngcfgb|nd'@rfh dofs4299 sf 299 OLB sebrb }d| d `rsebr hfpbhbgs |fse}drc ng Ofrgbf*sebg fs sf seb }b|sbrg edj`f` 
 ' 
<40
2Mbfrmb| Lfbcå| dgc F']']fjsbr| }brb dhfgm seb hf|s ng`jbgsndj |lefjdr| }ef |fmes sf cflhbgs seb bun|sbglbf`\rnpnad~d'\bb Mbfrmb| Lfbcå|*
Seb Ngcndgnqbc \sdsb| f`\fsebd|s D|nd 
%Efgfjj1Bd|s(]b|s Lbgsrb Yrb||*4>05.;F']']fjsbr|*
Bdrj~ Ngcfgb|ndg Lfhhbrlb1 D \sc~ f`seb Frnmng| f`\rnpnad~d 
%Nsedld1Lfrgbjj Rgnpbr|ns~ Yrb||*4>0=.*dgc
Seb @djj f`\rnpnad~d ng Hdjd~ En|sfr~ 
%Nsedld1Lfrgbjj Rgnpbr|ns~ Yrb||*4>=9.'0D| Orlb Kdy`brbr |f dysj~ ys ns1―Gf srdcnsnfg n| lfg|srlsbc fr ngpbgsbc dgc cn|lfgsngf| }nse en|sfr~'\bb en|
Jbmbgc| f`Ybfyjb*H~se| f`\sdsb1 Pnfjbglb*Ngsfjbrdglb*dgc Yfjnsnldj Ljsrb ng \rn Jdgkd dgc D|srdjnd 
%]d|engmsfg*CL1\hnse|fgndg Ng|snssnfg Yrb||*4>55.*y'?44'=Seb lfhyjbuns~ f`seb sbrh ―Hdjd~„fr ―Hbjd~n| ldysrbc gnlbj~ ng Yenjny ^dhyfj|k~„| ngsrfclsnfg sf en| LC fgHbjd~ h|nl ng \hdsrd dgc seb _nd N|jdgc|'\bb ―Ngsrfclsnfgsf
Hbjd~ H|nl f`\hdsrd dgc seb _nd N|jdgc
*Lfhydls Cn|l rblfrcngm*
Seb H|nl f`Ngcfgb|nd \brnb| 
%]d|engmsfg1\hnse|fgndg Ng|snssnfg*4>>3.*yy'<(0'Ns n|yrbhdsrb sf cn|sngmn|e d ―yrnhdr~„`rfh dg ―busbgcbc„Hbjd~ ljsrdj drbd od|bc fg rjb o~ d Hbjd~ rdad fr |jsdg'_b|bdrle n| |snjj gbbcbc sf cbsbrhngb }eds Hbjd~ hbdgs ng |ybln`nl ybrnfc| ng seb yd|s'
 
Adpd dgc }b|s}drc sf \hdsrd*seb Hdjd~ Ybgng|jd dgc seb lbgsrdj ydrs f`Pnbsgdh'
5
Drledbfjfmnldj rblfrc| `fr n|jdgc \fsebd|s D|nd ngcnldsb seds crngm sen| hnmrdsnfg f`Yrfsf(D|srfgb|ndg |ybdkbr|*fgj~ d`sbr mffc lfd|sdj |nsb| }brb fllynbc }brb sebrb dg~ hdafr dssbhys| sflfjfgn|b seb ngsbrnfr drbd|'@fgcbr rdgk bgedglbhbgs yjd~bc dg nhyfrsdgs ydrs ng sen| yrflb||'Obld|b `fgcbr| f`gb} |bssjbhbgs| dgc sebnr jngb }brb bjbpdsbc sf djhf|s mfc(jnkb |sds|*sebrb}d| |srfgm hfsnpdsnfg `fr hbhobr| f`d agnfr ordgle sf |bbk dg bhys~ drbd sf oblfhb*}nse sebnr`fjjf}br|*d gb} |bgnfr jngb }nse yrnfrns~ fpbr rb|frlb|'
>
Bdrj~ Yrfsf(D|srfgb|ndg |ybdkbr| }brbyrnglnydjj~ |osrfynldj lfd|sdj dgc rnpbrngb ybfyjb| }nse d Gbfjnsenl blfgfh~ od|bc fg lbrbdj dgcsobr ljsnpdsnfg dgc cfhb|snldsbc dgnhdj|']nseng n|jdgc \fsebd|s D|nd*cb|lbgcdgs| f`seb|bbdrj~ Yrfsf(D|srfgb|ndg |ybdkbr| ngsrfclbc d }ncb rdgmb f`|o|n|sbglb blfgfhnb|'Seb|bngljcbc rdng`frb|s `frdmngm dgc lfjjblsnfg `fr srdcb;|bd gfhdcn|h;cn``brngm s~yb| f`nrrnmdsbc dgcrdng(`bc rnlb ljsnpdsnfg;|en`sngm ljsnpdsnfg f`lbrbdj|*`rns| dgc sobr|;dgc ydjh buyjfnsdsnfg'
49
Yrfsf(Hdjd~f(Yfj~gb|ndg*cbrnpbc `rfh Yrfsf(D|srfgb|ndg*obmdg sf orbdk y o~ ds jbd|s?999 OLB d| d rb|js yrfodoj~ f`seb buydg|nfg |fse}drc ngsf seb |fsebrg Yenjnyyngb|*Ofrgbf*\jd}b|n dgc Hdjk'
44
Yrfsf(Hdjd~ }d| |yfkbg ng }b|sbrg Ofrgbf ds jbd|s o~ 4999 OLB dgc }d|*nsed| obbg drmbc*seb dglb|srdj jdgmdmb f`djj |o|btbgs Hdjd~ cndjbls|'Jngmn|s| mbgbrdjj~ dmrbbseds seb efhbjdgc f`seb Hdjd~nl(Cd~dk jdgmdmb n| ng Ofrgbf “ od|bc fg ns| mbfmrdyenl |yrbdc ngseb ngsbrnfr*ns| pdrndsnfg| seds drb gfs cb sf lfgsdls(ngclbc ledgmb*dgc ns| |fhbsnhb|lfg|brpdsnpb ledrdlsbr'
4?
Adhb| S'Lfjjng| ed| bpbg yrfyf|bc d jfldsnfg `fr seb dglb|srdj drbd f`seb|b|ybdkbr| |fhb 499 knjfhbsrb| ngsf seb ngsbrnfr djfgm serbb ydrdjjbj rnpbr |~|sbh|1seb \dhod|*Kdyd| dgc Yd}dg'K'D'Dcbjddr*ef}bpbr*ed| rmbc ldsnfg ng ncbgsn`~ngm d yrbln|b drbd |nglbsebrb n| |snjj hle jngmn|snl ngpb|snmdsnfg sf ob cfgb ng Ofrgbf'
4<
Hfrb lfgsrfpbr|ndj dhfgm lfhydrdsnpb jngmn|s| dgc en|sfrndg| n| seb tb|snfg f`sebefhbjdgc f`Hbjd~ ljsrb'Lfjjng| lnsb| drledbfjfmnldj cn|lfpbrnb| ng }b|sbrg Ofrgbf f`Ngcndgldrgbjndg obdc| dgc Cfgm|fg crh| f`seb `frse lbgsr~ LB*dgc |njpbr dgc mfjc Occed nhdmb|`rfh seb bnmese lbgsr~ LB*d| |srfgm bpncbglb f`jngk| obs}bbg Ngcnd dgc ―seb }dsbr~ efhbjdgc f` seb Hdjd~|„'
43
Seb nhyjnldsnfg n| seds d Hbjd~ ljsrb ng`jbglbc o~ Ngcndg ncbd| }fjc edpb obmgebrb ob`frb seb cbpbjfyhbgs f`d |nhnjdr ljsrb ng |fsebd|s \hdsrd ds \rnpnad~d&Hdjd~ obs}bbgseb |bpbgse dgc bjbpbgse lbgsrnb| LB']enjb _'D'Oj|s dgc Dcbjddr dmrbb seds seb efhbjdgc f`sebHdjd~nl |ybdkbr| }d| ng Ofrgbf*seb~ objnbpb seds seb ljsrb mbgbrdjj~ ncbgsn`nbc }nse seb Hbjd~hf|s jnkbj~ cbpbjfybc ng |fsebd|s \hdsrd'
42
Seb lfgsdls obs}bbg |fsebd|s \hdsrd dgcydrsnljdrj~ lfd|sdj Ofrgbf }fjc edpb obbg b|sdojn|ebc ds seb snhb f`seb buydg|nfg f`\rnpnad~dsrdcb gbs}frk|*}enle busbgcbc d| `dr d| seb gfrsebrg Yenjnyyngb|'
   

 
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5Ybsbr Objj}ffc*
Yrben|sfr~ f`seb Ngcf(Hdjd~|ndg Drlenybjdmf
%Efgfjj1Rgnpbr|ns~ f`Ed}dnn Yrb||*4>>=.*y'445'>Ybsbr Objj}ffc*―Enbrdrle~*@fgcbr Ncbfjfm~ dgc D|srfgb|ndg Buydg|nfg*ng
Frnmng|*Dglb|sr~*dgc Djjndglb1Buyjfrdsnfg| ng D|srfgb|ndg Bsegfmrdye~ 
*bc'Adhb| A'@fu dgc Ljn``frc \dsebr %Ldgobrrd1Cbydrshbgs f`Dgserfyfjfm~*seb _b|bdrle \leffj f`Ydln`nl dgc D|ndg \scnb|*4>>0.*yy'45(39'49Ybsbr Objj}ffc*D|srfgb|ndg Yrben|sfr~ ng \fsebd|s D|nd1Efhbjdgc*Buydg|nfg dgc Srdg|`frhdsnfg*ng
Seb D|srfgb|ndg|1 En|sfrnldj dgc Lfhydrdsnpb Ybr|yblsnpb| 
*bc'Ybsbr Objj}ffc
bs dj 
'%Ldgobrrd1Cbydrshbgs f`Dgserfyfjfm~*Seb _b|bdrle \leffj f`Ydln`nl dgc D|ndg \scnb|*4>>2.*y'49<'44Objj}ffc*
Yrben|sfr~ 
*y'?3?'4?K'Djbudgcbr Dcbjddr*―Ofrgbf d| d Lrf||(_fdc| `fr Lfhydrdsnpb D|srfgb|ndg Jngmn|snl|„*ng Objj}ffc
bs dj 
'*bc'*
Seb D|srfgb|ndg| 
*y'53;ybr|fgdj lfhhgnldsnfg }nse Ofo Oj|s*42 Hd~ ?994'4<\bb Lfjjng|drsnljb ng sen| n||b'Ybr|fgdj lfhhgnldsnfg }nse Djbudgcbr Dcbjddr*49 Hd~ ?994'43Adhb| S'Lfjjng|*
Hdjd~*]frjc Jdgmdmb1 D \efrs En|sfr~ 
%Kdjd Jhyr1Cb}dg Oded|d cdg Y|sdkd*4>>5.*y'2'42K'Djbudgcbr Dcbjddr*―Ofrgbf d| seb Efhbjdgc f`seb Hdjd~ Jdgmdmb1@n`sbbg ^bdr| cf}g seb _fdc*Ydybryrb|bgsbc sf seb lfg`brbglb fg ―Ofrgbf d| seb Hdjd~ Efhbjdgc„*Ng|snssb f`Hdjd~ ]frjc dgc Lnpnjn|dsnfg %DSHD.*Rgnpbr|nsn Kbodgm|ddg*Odgmn*Hdjd~|nd*Dyrnj ?999*y'?'

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