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Spray Cooling Masters Thesis

Spray Cooling Masters Thesis

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Published by Dr. Brian Glassman
Master Thesis on weapon development focusing on cooling challenges with high energy laser systems.
Master Thesis on weapon development focusing on cooling challenges with high energy laser systems.

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Published by: Dr. Brian Glassman on Feb 03, 2010
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07/12/2013

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 SPRAY COOLING FOR LAND, SEA, AIR AND SPACE BASED APPLICATIONS,A FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLE NOZZLE SPRAY COOLINGAND A GUIDE TO HIGH HEAT FLUX HEATER DESIGNByBRIAN SCOTT GLASSMANB.S. Florida Institute of Technology, 2001Melbourne Florida U.S.AA thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirementsfor the degree of Master of Sciencein the Department of Mechanical Material and Aerospace Engineeringin the College of Engineering and Computer Scienceat the University of Central FloridaOrlando, FloridaSpring Term2005
 
 © 2005 Brian Glassman
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ABSTRACT
This thesis is divided into four distinct chapters all linked by the topic of spraycooling. Chapter one gives a detailed categorization of future and current spray coolingapplications, and reviews the major advantages and disadvantages that spray cooling hasover other high heat flux cooling techniques.Chapter two outlines the developmental goals of spray cooling, which are to
increase the output of a current system
and to
enable new technologies to be technically feasible
. Furthermore, this chapter outlines in detail the impact that land, air, sea, andspace environments have on the cooling system and what technologies could be enabledin each environment with the aid of spray cooling. In particular, the heat exchanger,condenser and radiator are analyzed in their corresponding environments.Chapter three presents an experimental investigation of a fluid managementsystem for a large area multiple nozzle spray cooler. A fluid management or suctionsystem was used to control the liquid film layer thickness needed for effective heattransfer. An array of sixteen pressure atomized spray nozzles along with an imbeddedfluid suction system was constructed. Two surfaces were spray tested one being a clear grooved Plexiglas plate used for visualization and the other being a bottom heatedgrooved 4.5 x 4.5 cm
2
copper plate used to determine the heat flux. The suction systemutilized an array of thin copper tubes to extract excess liquid from the cooled surface.Pure water was ejected from two spray nozzle configurations at flow rates of 0.7 L/min to1 L/min per nozzle. It was found that the fluid management system provided fluidremoval efficiencies of 98% with a 4-nozzle array, and 90% with the full 16-nozzle arrayfor the downward spraying orientation. The corresponding heat fluxes for the 16 nozzle
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