COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
What is a community ?
- a group of people with common characteristics or interests living together within aterritory or geographical boundary- place where people under usual conditions are found
- part of paramedical and medical intervention/approach which is concernedon the health of the whole population- aims:1. health promotion2. disease prevention3. management of factors affecting health
?- assisting sick individuals to become healthy and healthy individuals achieveoptimum wellness.
What is Community Health Nursing
“The utilization of the nursing process in the different levels of clientele-individuals,families, population groups and communities,concerned with the promotion of health, prevention of disease and disability andrehabilitation.”-
, et al
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CHN
is the unit of care.•The client is considered as an
recipient of care.•The
of CHN is achieved through
•CHN is a part of health care system and the larger human services system.
is a primary responsibility of a CHN nurse•CHN must be available to all regardless of race, creed and socioeconomicstatus.•The CHN Nurse makes use of available community health resources.•There must be provision for periodic evaluation of CHN services.
Roles of the PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE
who is a health care provider, taking care of the sick people athome or in the RHU•
who aims towards health promotion and illnessprevention through dissemination of correct information; educating people•
who establishes multi-sectoral linkages by referral system•
who monitors and supervises the performance of midwives
FIVE FOLD MISSION OF CHN
1.Health promotion2.Health protection3.Health balance4.Disease prevention5.Social justice