The amount of waste hydrogen produced widely depending on the process in a particular plan . This paper examines alternatives for plants that produce four metric tonnes of hydrogen.Power generation greater than 1MW is the focus of this paper.
I. HYDROGEN BASICS:
The combustion of hydrogen produces no carbon dioxide (CO
), particulate or sulpher emissions. As the conventional fuel of choice, progressed from wood to coal then to oil and naturalgas, the percentage of carbon in our fuel as declined and the percentage of hydrogen increased.Taking this progressions to the extreme, one could argue that we will eventually be using 100%hydrogen fuel without the motivation of environmental benefits.Hydrogen has higher energy per unit of mass but lower energy per unit volume. Byweight hydrogen carries 3 times energy of our most --common fuels. The major down side of hydrogen is its poor volumetric energy density, making storage and transportation a fundamentalchallenge. To help resolve this problem the hydrogen industry is currently certifying 1000psihydrogen cylinders .Hydrogen is actually safer than media reports of the past suggest The smallsize of the hydrogen molecule results in free hydrogen (a leak) dispersing very quickly in theatmosphere, and it enhances of creating an explosion are somewhat less than conventional fossilfuel vapors. The great advantage of many electro chemical plants are they continuous productionof hydrogen that may be utilized continuously to produce power.
Our dependence on fossil fuels present fundamental challenges to our economic security,environmental security and homeland security. We must pursue apromising pathway to a more secure energy future.
Hydrogen can be produced renewably under cal conventional energy sources;the result is fuel flexibility energy security. Hydrogen is well matured withrenewable energy technologies like solar and wind power.
Hydrogen fuel cells generate electricity with no conventional pollutants
Fuel cells produce less CO
per unit of work. Usually less than conventionalalternatives.
Transitional strategies like hybrid vehicles will help, but because of vehiclegrowth in use, we would still need to import as much oil; as we import today. Weneed a permanent solution.