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Philippine Literature Pre-Spanish Period

Philippine Literature Pre-Spanish Period

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Published by MokaHanaMatsu

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Published by: MokaHanaMatsu on Feb 04, 2010
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01/25/2014

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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Long time before the Spaniards and other foreigners landed onPhilippine shores, our forefathers already had their own literature stamped inthe history of our race.Our ancient literature shows our customs and traditions in everydaylife as traced in our folk stories, old plays and short stories.Our ancient ancestors also had their own alphabet which was differentfrom that brought by the Spaniards. The first alphabet used by our ancestorswas similar to that of the Malayo-Polynesian alphabet.Whatever records our ancestors left were either burned by theSpaniards friars in the belief that they were works of the devil or werewritten on materials that easily perished, like the barks of trees, dried leavesand bamboo cylinders which could not have remained undestroyed even if efforts were made to preserve them.Other records that remained showed folk songs that proved theexistence of a native culture truly our own. Some of these were passed on byword of mouth till they reached the hands of some publishers or printers whotook interest in printing the manuscripts of the ancient Filipinos. The Spaniards who came to the Philippines tried to prove that ourancestors were really fond of poetry, songs, stories, riddles and proverbswhich we still enjoy today and which serve to show to generations the trueculture of our people.
 
The Pre-Spanish Literature is characterized by
 LEGENDS 
Are forms of prose, the common theme of which is about the origin of a thing,place, location or name. The events are imaginary, devoid of truth andunbelievable. Its aim is to entertain.
Example:
The Legend of the Tagalogs
In a certain wide region of Luzon, there was a village frequented by young men. Thetown was full of trees, beautiful flowers and a river where clear waters flowed. What attractedthe young men more than the scenery was a beautiful nymph- like maiden.The maiden was Maria and she had lots of suitors who came from afar and who foughtfor her hand. But Maria remained unconcerned and very choosy. Because she was kind, her suitors remained undaunted so Maria thought of a plan. She called all the men together and toldthem, "You are all good and kind and it is difficult for me to choose one among you. Let medecide with a test. "I'll marry the first man who can bring me a big, live and strong serpent,"Maria said in jest.The young men were dumbfounded. After a while, the voice of Ilog broke the silence. "In promise to bring you one, Maria. Eve if I have to risk my like, I'll bring you what you wish.Ilog was a man known for his bravery. He left immediately to fulfill his promise.The men whispered among themselves. They were sure that Ilog would never be able toreturn. They waited for a long while but Ilog had not returned. Even Maria was saddened because she also grieved the loss of a man as brave and accommodating as Ilog. After manyhours, Ilog returned.They crowded to see how Ilog would prove his bravery. Ilog held a bigsnake by its nape and tail. While the men were thus occupied, two Spaniards passed by. Their attention was caught not by what Ilog held but by the beauty of Maria."Maria," heroically called Ilog. "I've brought you the serpent you wished for. What elsedo you want me to do to make you happy?"The Spaniards were startled. They asked the people around where they were and in what place they were in but nobody paid attention for their attention were focused on the snake and onMaria. When Maria saw that the snake was still struggling, she shouted."Taga, Ilog! Taga, Ilog!" (Cut, Ilog! Cut, Ilog!) which she addressed to Ilog so he wouldcut the snake up again.The two Spaniards, thinking that this was in answer to their question repeated the wordsTAGAILOG, TAGAILOG which later became TAGAL
 
The Legend of Makahiya
Once the there lived a rich couple, Mang Dondong and Aling Iska. They had a twelve-year old daughter whose name was Maria. They loved their daughter so dearly.Maria was a beautiful and obedient daughter. Industrious and kind, she made herselendeared to everybody.But shyness was also one of Maria’s distinct characteristics. She was soshy that talking to people posed a great burden to her. In order to avoid encountering people, sheusually locked herself in her room.Maria had a flower garden. The flowers were beautiful and know all over the town. Shetook care of the plants patiently and tenderly. For the flower plants were her source of enjoymentand happiness. One day news spread that a group of bandits raided a nearby village. The banditskilled every man they found and took their money of the residents.The next day the bandits came to the village where Mang Dondong and Aling Iska andtheir daughter lived. Mang Dondong noticed at once the arrival of the bandits. Fearing for Maria’s safety, he decided to hide Maria in the garden, which he did. Aling iska hid herself in thehouse. She trembled with fear when she heard the bandits forcing their way to the gate. Then she prayed, preparing herself for whatever would happen. “Oh, my God!” prayed Aling Iska, “Savemy daughter.”Suddenly the door opened. The bandits entered the house and hit Mang Dondong on thehead. Mang Dondong lost consciousness and fell on the floor. Aling Iska tried to escape but wasalso hit on the head. The bandits ransacked every place in the house. After taking the money and jewelry, they searched for Maria. But Maria was nowhere to be found. So the bandits left thehouse to plunder another village.When Mang Dondong and Aling Iska regained consciousness, the bandits left already.They quickly ran to the garden to look for Maria. But Maria was not there. Again and again, theysearched every corner in the garden but poor Maria could not be found. “My poor daughter!They took my poor daughter!” wept Aling Iska.All of a sudden mang Dondong felt something that pricked his feet. To his surprise, hesaw a tiny plant quickly closing its leaves. It was the first time he saw that kind of plant. He knelton his knees and took a close look at the plant. Aling Iska did the same. After looking at the plantfor a long time, the couple came to the belief that theplant was Maria. For indeed maria had beentransformed by into a plant to save her from the bandits.Aling Iska wept uncontrollably and to Mang Dondong’s amazement, every tear wastransformed into a small and round rosy flower of the new plant they found in the garden.Since then Mang Dondong and Aling Iska tended the plant with out most care.They knew that the plant was, in reality, their child Maria. And, like their child, the plantwas very shy. So they called the plant “makahiya” because it showed an important characteristicof Maria – shyness – which in Tagalog means “makahiya.”

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Ruela Umipig added this note
Ano po yung title nung kumintang
Ruela Umipig added this note
Ano po yung title nung sa kumintang po? :) sana po ma answer agad, kelangan po eh ! thanks :)
Noel Yague added this note
ok sana kaso kulang naman.. san yung page 8-10???
Cecil Bagul added this note
wow ! report ko ito .. i need more study ! ohH my Gee :P THINK POSITIVE ..
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can we have your name ?
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