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Introduction To Linux

Introduction To Linux

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Published by mkathuria
A hands on guide for learning Linux. This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter. For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration.
A hands on guide for learning Linux. This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter. For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration.

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Published by: mkathuria on Feb 04, 2010
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Introduction to Linux
A Hands on Guide
Machtelt Garrels
Garrels.be
<tille wants no spam _at_ garrels dot be>
1.27 EditionCopyright © 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Machtelt Garrels20080606
 
Table of Contents
Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................1
1. Why this guide?...................................................................................................................................12. Who should read this book?.................................................................................................................13. New versionsand availability..............................................................................................................14. Revision History..................................................................................................................................25. Contributions.......................................................................................................................................36. Feedback..............................................................................................................................................37. Copyright inf ormation.........................................................................................................................38. What do you need?...............................................................................................................................49. Conventions used in this document.....................................................................................................410. Organizationof this document...........................................................................................................5
Chapter 1. What is Linux?.................................................................................................................................7
1.1. History..............................................................................................................................................71.1.1. UNIX.......................................................................................................................................71.1.2. Linus andLinux.......................................................................................................................81.1.3. Current application of Linux systems.....................................................................................91.2. The user interface..............................................................................................................................91.2.1. Is Linux difficult?....................................................................................................................91.2.2. Linux fornon-experienced users...........................................................................................101.3. Does Linuxhave a future?..............................................................................................................101.3.1. Open Source..........................................................................................................................101.3.2. Ten yearsof experience at your service................................................................................111.4. Properties of Linux.........................................................................................................................121.4.1. Linux Pros.............................................................................................................................121.4.2. Linux Cons............................................................................................................................131.5. Linux Flavors..................................................................................................................................141.5.1. Linuxand GNU.....................................................................................................................141.5.2. GNU/ Linux............................................................................................................................151.5.3. Which distribution should I install?......................................................................................151.6. Summary.........................................................................................................................................161.7. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................16
Chapter 2. Quickstart.......................................................................................................................................18
2.1. Logging in, activating the user interface and logging out..............................................................182.1.1. Introduction...........................................................................................................................182.1.2. Graphicalmode.....................................................................................................................182.1.3. Text mode..............................................................................................................................202.2. Absolute basics...............................................................................................................................212.2.1. The commands......................................................................................................................212.2.2. General remarks....................................................................................................................212.2.3. Using Bash features...............................................................................................................222.3. Getting help.....................................................................................................................................232.3.1. Be warned..............................................................................................................................232.3.2. The man pages.......................................................................................................................232.3.3. More info...............................................................................................................................252.4. Summary.........................................................................................................................................282.5. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................29
Introduction to Linuxi
 
Chapter 2. Quickstart
2.5.1. Connecting and disconnecting...............................................................................................292.5.2. Passwords..............................................................................................................................292.5.3. Directories.............................................................................................................................302.5.4. Files.......................................................................................................................................302.5.5. Getting help...........................................................................................................................31
Chapter 3. About files andthe file system......................................................................................................32
3.1. General overview of the Linux file system.....................................................................................323.1.1. Files.......................................................................................................................................323.1.2. About partitioning.................................................................................................................333.1.3. More filesystem layout.........................................................................................................373.2. Orientation in the file system..........................................................................................................403.2.1. The path.................................................................................................................................403.2.2. Absoluteand relative paths...................................................................................................413.2.3. The mostimportant files and directories...............................................................................413.2.4. The most important configuration files.................................................................................443.2.5. The mostcommon devices....................................................................................................463.2.6. The mostcommon variable files...........................................................................................473.3. Manipulating files...........................................................................................................................483.3.1. Viewing f ile properties..........................................................................................................483.3.2. Creating and deleting files and directories............................................................................503.3.3. Finding files...........................................................................................................................533.3.4. More ways to view file content.............................................................................................573.3.5. Linking files..........................................................................................................................583.4. File security.....................................................................................................................................603.4.1. Access rights: Linux's first line of defense............................................................................603.4.2. The tools................................................................................................................................623.5. Summary.........................................................................................................................................673.6. Exercises.........................................................................................................................................683.6.1. Partitions................................................................................................................................683.6.2. Paths......................................................................................................................................683.6.3. Tour of the system.................................................................................................................693.6.4. Manipulating files..................................................................................................................693.6.5. File permissions.....................................................................................................................69
Chapter 4. Processes.........................................................................................................................................71
4.1. Processes insideout........................................................................................................................714.1.1. Multi-user and multi-tasking.................................................................................................714.1.2. Process types.........................................................................................................................714.1.3. Process attributes...................................................................................................................734.1.4. Displaying process information.............................................................................................744.1.5. Life and death of a process....................................................................................................764.1.6. SUID andSGID.....................................................................................................................784.2. Boot process, Init and shutdown.....................................................................................................804.2.1. Introduction...........................................................................................................................804.2.2. The boot process....................................................................................................................804.2.3. GRUB features......................................................................................................................80
Introduction to Linuxii

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