“GULLIVER’S TRAVELS” AS A NOVEL OFADVENTURE AND A TALE OF WONDER:
A Classic for Young Readers as an Adventure Story:
“Gulliver’s Travels” is no doubt a story of adventure and it has several elements of afairy tale. Both adventure and fairy tale elements in a story appeal greatly to the young mind.They have some charm even for the adult mind. But it would be an incorrect view to regard“Gulliver’s Travels” as merely an adventure story intended for the entertainment of youngpeople. Gulliver’s tale is an allegorical satire. In other words, there lies below the surface adeeper meaning. Swift’s real purpose was to expose the follies, absurdities and evils of mankind in general.
Difficulties Faced by Gulliver in His Voyages:
Let’s take a look at “Gulliver’s Travels” as a tale of adventure which is a fanciful account of strange and wonderful lands. The book tells us the story of Lemuel Gulliver. Every voyage isan adventure in itself like seven voyages of Sindbad. There is, first of all, the voyage to acountry called Lilliput. Gulliver gets ship-wrecked and has to swim to the shore to save hislife. On the sea shore he falls into a sound sleep and when he wakes up, he finds himself aprisoner in chains. In the second voyage Gulliver’s ship is overtaken by a fierce storm whichengulfs the sailors including Gulliver. However, when, after the storm, the ship casts anchor,and a few sailors with Gulliver himself, are sent to the shore, Gulliver finds himself a captivein the hands of a giant. In the course of his third voyage Gulliver’s ship is attacked by pirates.The pirates depriving him of all his belongings put him on a small boat and set him adrift. Fivedays later, the boat reaches a rocky island where Gulliver gets down very tired and desolate.In the course of his fourth voyage, Gulliver is attacked by the members of the crew of his ownship and is bound hand and foot. After a few days, the rascals put Gulliver down on the sea-coast and sail away, leaving him alone. Gulliver finds himself in a new country about which heknows nothing at all.
A story of Risks and Dangers:The above brief account of the various voyages of Gulliver shows thedifficulties and dangers that Gulliver faced in the course of his wanderings. Adventure always implies a risk of life or a danger to life. The man who has the spirit of adventure in him is always ready to face risks and dangers. Gulliver sets out froma comfortable life at home in order to explore unknown countries, knowing well that he will face many difficulties and hardships. But every time he goes on a fresh voyagewillingly and experiences not only difficulties and hardships but also seriousdangers to his life. It is a miracle that each time he returns home safely.The Amusing Experiences of Gulliver in the Strange Country of Dwarfs:
There are strange experiences of Gulliver in various lands. Every land which Gullivervisits is a wonderful land, and Gulliver’s experiences in every land are strange or exciting. InLilliput the people are dwarfs, hardly six inches in height. The very idea that there are humanbeings so small is funny. But more amusing than that is the manner in which Gulliver is fed.Several ladders are applied by the Lilliputians to his sides, and about a hundred of them climb