Renminbi (RMB) yuan
was first built as a defense line against nomadicincursions. Its military and strategic importance was unmatchedby any other projects in ancient China. The construction of thewall began around the 7th-4th century BC during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC). At that time, feudal states builtwalls for self-defense against the invasion of nomadic tribes. In221 BC, after unifying China, Qinshihuang, the first emperor of China, had the walls linked up, reinforced and extended to formthe Great Wall. During succeeding dynasties in later years,renovations were made in line with local geographic conditions,creating many enchanting sights. It was listed by UNESCO asits World Heritage in 1987. A well-known part of the
, it flows from the PiledFestoon Hill to "Bilian Peak" in Yangshou, covering a distance of 83 kilometres. This green ribbon-like river runs zigzag through amultitude of hills against a backdrop of steep peaks, luxuriantflowers and green hills along the shores are mirrored in the bluewater, giving the visitor a poetic inspirationSituated in the depths of the mountains in the border area of Nanping, Songpan and Pingwu counties in Aba Tibetan andQiang Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, is afairyland called
Jiuzhaigou – Nine-Village Valley
, which is thehome of nine Tibetan villages. The valley is 50 kilometers inlength.
New Year's Day (January 1), the Spring Festival (theNew Year's Day by Chinese lunar calendar),International Labor Day (May 1), and the National Day(October 1)221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'inDynasty); 1 January 1912 (Qing or Ch'ingDynasty replaced by the Republic of China); 1October 1949 (People's Republic of Chinaestablished)
8 hours earlier than the Greenwich Time
Most of the country is in the temperate zone, althoughgeographically the country stretches from the tropicaland subtropical zones in the south to the frigid zone inthe north.High in its west and low in its east: mountain areas33.3%, plateaus 26%, basins 18.8%, plains 12% andhills 9.9%.Among the 19 mountains over 7,000 meters high inthe world, seven are in China. The Qinghai-TibetPlateau, known as "the roof of the world", has manyhigh mountains. The Yangtze River, 6,300 km long, is the third longest inthe world after the Nile and the Amazon.Beijing The Himalayas, with an average elevation of 6,000meters, have the world's highest peak MountQomolangma, 8,848 meters above sea level.Conventional Long Form: The People's Republic of ChinaConventional Short Form: ChinaLocal Long Form: Zhonghua Renmin GongheguoLocal Short Form:
Zhongguo The National Flag of the PRC is a red rectangleemblazoned with five stars. The proportion of itslength and height is 3 to 2. The upper left of the faceof the Flag is studded with five yellow five-pointedstars. One of the stars is bigger than the others, withits circumcircle's diameter being three-tenth of theheight of the Flag, and is placed in the left; the otherfour stars are smaller, with their circumcircle'sdiameter being one-tenth of the height of the Flag,encircling the big star on its right in the shape of an The National Emblem of the PRC features TiananmenGate beneath the five shining stars, encircled by earsof grain and with a cogwheel at the bottom. The earsof grain, stars, Tiananmen and cogwheel are gold; thefield within the circle is red, as are the ribbonsfestooning the bottom of the circle.
The Grand Canal, 1,801 km long, is the longest man-maderiver in the world. Its cutting began in the fifth century BC
China has a territory area of 9.6 millionsquare km, second to Russia andIn East Asia, border on the west PacificOcean
In China the Peony is known as the "Fuguihua". "Theflower of riches and honor. It symbolizes wealth anddistinction and is an emblem of love and affection. AsChina's national flower, the Peony truly lives up to itsname.
The Poyang Lake on the middle and lower reaches of theYangtze River is China's largest freshwater lake, with anarea of 3583 sq. km