outstanding green manure crop and is well suited in almost all parts of the country and fits inwell with the sugarcane, potato, garden crops and the second season paddy in southern Indiaand with irrigated wheat in the north. Dhaincha is also an outstanding green manure crop.
Itdoes well in the waterlogged and alkaline soil for it’s reclamation programme. Green-manuring is in common use in irrigated lands, lands, but its popularity in barani land ishindered by the lack of irrigational facilities.
The Extension of Green-Manuring Scheme came into operation in the Punjab with effect fromApril 1, 1961. It aims at popularizing the use of green manure in the State. The Governmentencourages the adoption of this practice by the farmers by granting subsidies on seeds of green-manuring crops. The Irrigation Department also grants remission of water-rate, if crops are buried for green-manuring before 15
of September.The total area under the green-manuring crops in the district, during the past few years, has been as under:
Table: 1 Area under green manuring crops with time.
Year Area under green-manuring crops (ha)1955-567161960-6177851965-66132541967-6826096
(Source: Town Compost-cum-Field Manure Officer, Punjab, Chandigarh)
Techniques of green manuring in the field
The maximum benefit from the green manure crop cannot be obtained without knowing the
When it should be grown.
When it should be buried into the soil.
How much time should be given between the burying of the green manure crop and thesowing of the next crop.