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Tanning Skins

Tanning Skins

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Published by jmweaver1951

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Published by: jmweaver1951 on Feb 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Photo 1Hunting, Skinning, DeerHidesMost Useable,by Metcalf 
Deer Skinning for Meat CuttersandTanners
ByBilly Metcalf © 2000Billy Metcalf brain tans for a living in the back woods of BritishColumbia (his contact info is in our Tanners Directory). He'salso a frequentparticipateinThe Hide Out!, our ongoing onlinediscussion forum ... and he has a cool mustache.I've been brain-tanning deer hidesfor about fifteenyears.I collect about 150 deer hidesa year, mostly from meatcutters who cut wild game for hunters.some I get directly fromthe hunters themselves. Most of the hides that I get are skinnedwell, but could be better, a feware excellent and a feware sliced up and worthless.Unfortunately the man who showed me how to efficiently take a hide off a deer hasretired now. He was great to watch, he used his whole body to do it, his hands, his elbows,his knees, even his feet. He told me that as a meat cutter who gets paid by the pound for cut and wrapped meat, his main concernswhen skinning were to get it done fast and toleave as much meat on the animal as possible. And for me as a tanner his hides were greatto work with because he pulled the hide off instead of cutting it off with a knife. Whichmeans a clean hide with no knife marks or holes.The two main points I want to make are:Where to make the cuts in the hide in order to get the best usable shape when thehide is tannedHow to separate the hide from the meat withoutusing a knife.
Editor's Note: In this article, Billy shows you theskinning cuts he believes will result in a hide with themost useable shape. Many tannersand researchersreport that this is also the more traditional cut for Native American items such as buffalo robes andwar-shirts.
Getting StartedThis firstpicture shows a Mule deer hanging, ready to beskinned. Before hanging, the deer wasfield dressed andthe lower part of the back legs were cut off below the main joint with a meat saw and the skin peeled back to exposethe big leg tendon that we hang the deer from. Then after the deer washung, the incision from the field dressing wasextendedup past the throat.The breast bone and wind pipewere removed to facilitate cooling the meat. The lower partof the front legs were removed at the kneejoint as well.
Photo 2Photo 3Photo 4Photo 5
2. Makean incision on the back legs.Start at the anusor  just below, and cut right up the line where the hairchangescolor to the tendon that the deer is hung from. Then repeaton the other leg.3. Put your knife away andpeel the skinback from theinside of the back leg and allthe way down the length of the belly and chest incision.Makesure that you have theskinseparatedfrom themeat.Be particularly carefulwhere the arrow is pointingasthe meat really wants tostay with the skinhere. Nowis the time toseparatethem.4. This is how it looks with both sides peeled back andseparated from the meat, all the way from the lower legsto the upperchest.5. Now turn the deer around and peel the skinback from the outside of the back legs to justbelow the tail. Wrap your fingers tightly aroundthe baseof the tail and slide them out to theend,pushing the skinoff in front of your fingers.
Photo 8Photo 9Photo 6Photo 7
6. The tail willeither turn inside out as it comesoff the bone, or it willstay right side out as it didhere. You don't need to split the tailskinfirst.Itseasier to do later. Again keep an eye on the areawhere the arrow is to be sure the meat isn'tsticking to the hide.7. Now we're ready to make some serious progress. Twogood pulls and your deer should looklikephoto#7. See howcleanly that hide is coming off. A couple more pulls andwe're around the front shoulders.8. Separate thehide from themeat along theedgesof theincision going upthe neck untilyour at least past thefrontlegs a fewinches. Work thehide loosefromaround theshoulders like itshows here.9. Then pull the leg inside out until it comes off the end of the front leg. Some people put their foot in there like a stirrup and stand on it to peelthe front leg off. Rememberwe haven't made anycuts on the front legs, they're still in tubes.

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