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Computer Science Facts

Computer Science Facts

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Published by Paul John

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Published by: Paul John on Feb 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Data/Computer Science Facts
By 2016, current government projections show that more than 800,000 high-end computing jobs will be created in the economy making it one of the fastest growing occupational fields.
Five of the top ten fastest growing jobs will be in computing-related fields ( i.e., computer software engineer jobs expected to grow 45% over the next five to seven years).
Computer science and computer engineering bachelor degrees are in high demand andcommand two of the top three average salary offers from employers among all majors.
The percent of high schools with rigorous computer science courses fell from 40% to 27%from 2005-2009.
The percent of high schools with introductory computer science courses fell from 78% to65% from 2005-2009.
The majority of states have no certification for computer science teachers; in states wherecertification or endorsement exists, the requirements may have little, if any, computer sciencecontent.
Only 17% of AP computer science test-takers in 2008 were women, although womenrepresented 55% of all AP test-takers.
Participation in computer science AP tests among underrepresented minorities has increasedin the past 10 years but is only 11%, compared to 19% of all AP test-takers.
Only 4% of AP Computer Science test takers in 2008 were African Americans, althoughAfrican Americans represented 7% of all AP test takers. Only 784 African Americanstudents nationwide took the AP Computer Science exam.
“Computer Science in the Modern World” will replace an information technology class at thehigh school and is set to begin in September.
“At this point, it is fair to say that many of our students don’t know what they don’t knowwith respect to making a decision about advanced coursework and career options in thisdiscipline or even that it is a discipline,” Wagman told the school board in a presentation of the course proposal Jan. 5. “In short, this proposal represents one component of our effort tograduate effective, literate citizens of a digital age and a global economy.”
Computer Science
Computer science (CS) spans the range from theory through programming to cutting-edgedevelopment of computing solutions. Computer science offers a foundation that permits
graduates to adapt to new technologies and new ideas. The work of computer scientists falls intothree categories: a) designing and building software; b) developing effective ways to solvecomputing problems, such as storing information in databases, sending data over networks or  providing new approaches to security problems; and c) devising new and better ways of usingcomputers and addressing particular challenges in areas such as robotics, computer vision, or digital forensics (although these specializations are not available in all computer science programs). Most computer science programs require some mathematical background.Let us consider what is involved in a career path in each area.
Career Path 1: Designing and implementing software. This refers to the work of softwaredevelopment which has grown to include aspects of web development, interface design,security issues, mobile computing, and so on. This is the career path that the majority of computer science graduates follow. While a bachelor’s degree is generally sufficient for entry into this kind of career, many software professionals return to school to obtain aterminal master’s degree. (Rarely is a doctorate involved.) Career opportunities occur in awide variety of settings including large or small software companies, large or smallcomputer services companies, and large organizations of all kinds (industry, government, banking, healthcare, etc.). Degree programs in software engineering also educate studentsfor this career path.
Career Path 2: Devising new ways to use computers. This refers to innovation in theapplication of computer technology. A career path in this area can involve advancedgraduate work, followed by a position in a research university or industrial research anddevelopment laboratory; it can involve entrepreneurial activity such as was evidentduring the dot-com boom of the 1990s; or it can involve a combination of the two.
Career Path 3: Developing effective ways to solve computing problems. This refers to theapplication or development of computer science theory and knowledge of algorithms toensure the best possible solutions for computationally intensive problems. As a practicalmatter, a career path in the development of new computer science theory typicallyrequires graduate work to the Ph.D. level, followed by a position in a research universityor an industrial research and development laboratory.
Career Path 4: Planning and managing organizational technology infrastructure. This isthe type of work for which the new information technology (IT) programs explicitly aimto educate students.Career paths 2 and 3 are undenably in the domain of computer science graduates. Career paths 1and 4 have spawned the new majors in software engineering and information technology,respectively, and information systems graduates often follow Career path 1, too. Computer scientists continue to fill these positions, but programs in software engineering, informationtechnology, and information systems offer alternative paths to these careers.
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