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Bibliographie L'Urne et le Fusil

Bibliographie L'Urne et le Fusil

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Published by Olivier Ihl
RFSP 2010
RFSP 2010

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Olivier Ihl on Feb 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution No Derivatives

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10/19/2013

 
 3
Ojonjaecrfjm x}  N‚}km m| nm i}xjn 4 nmx ênmh|jakx l} ?8 cyjn 36<6 °
Gc}jhm CE]NFAK
.
36<6 a} n‚crrmk|jxxcem lm nc _êr}onjs}m 
. Rcjx. Nm Xm}jn. 3:58+
 Gc}jhm CE]NFAK
.  Nc Xmhaklm _êr}onjs}m+ Rmgjæm ênmh|jak c} x}iicem }kjymxmn.32 lêhmgom 36<6 °. lckx Nêa FCGAK m| E}z NAO_JHFAK &lj+*.
N‚ênmh|jak l} hfmi lm n‚Ê|c| mk Ickhm lm F}e}mx Hcrm| â kax da}x. Mk|m|jmkx l‚C}vmm 3:65 
. Rcjx. Omc}hfmxkm. 3:66. r+ 333'3?2+
Gc}jhm CE]NFAK
.  36<6+ Jn x}iiceja }kjymxcnm m nc ranj|jhjttctjakm lmnnm hcgrcekmickhmxj °.
Ljgmkxjakhj m raonmgj lmnnc _jhmhc x|ajhc
PNc XcrjmktcW. yan+ 3. 3::?. r+ ='?2. êêlj|êxa}x nm |j|m  36<6. nm x}iicem }kjymxmn m| nc ranj|jxc|jak lmx hcgrcekmx ickåcjxmx °. lckx
Fjx|ajm ycecoaklm. |agm JJJ 4 nc ranj|js}m mk Ickhm. l‚fjm â c}da}l‚f}j 
Rm|m F+ CGCKK
.  Ranj|jhcn D}x|jhm jk |fm Xmhakl Imkhf _mr}onjh °.
\fm Da}kcn ai GalmkFjx|az 
. yan+ <6. k² <. 3:59. r+ 65'3?8+. Rcjx. Ecnnjgcl. 3::9. r+ 93'6?+
_akcnl CGJKTCLM.
 
Ocnna|x ckl Ocjhclmx4 Hncxx Iagc|jak ckl _mr}onjhck Ranj|jhx jk Ickhm.3682'3653
. Rjkhm|ak. Rjkhm|ak ]kjymxj|z Rmxx. 3::8+
Gcecm| N+ CKLM_XAK
.
Rch|jhjke Lmgahchz+ Mnmh|jakx ckl Ranj|jhcn H}n|}m jk Jgrmjcn Emgckz 
. Rjkhm|ak. Rjkhm|ak ]kjymxj|z Rmxx. ?222+ Ickåajx Ccea+ Ch|mx l} hannas}m kc|jakcn lmx ?2. ?3 m| ?? ah|aom 3:69 °.
Hcfjmx lm n‚]kjymxj|ê lm Rmrjekck
. ?. 3:65+
_aom| OCNNCKL
.  N‚ckkêm 36<6 mk Xmjkm'm|'Ajxm °.
N‚jkiagc|jak fjx|ajs}m 
. yan+ VJY. 3:=?.r+ :6'322+
_aom| OCNNCKL
.  Lm n‚aeckjxc|jak â nc mx|jh|jak l} x}iicem }kjymxmn mk Ickhm &36<6'36=2* °. lckx Dchs}mx L_AT &lj+*.
_êch|jak m| x}iicem }kjymxmn mk Ickhm m| mk Cnnmgcekm &36<6'36=2*+ Ê|}lmx 
.
Ojonja|fæs}m lm nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 
. yan+ VVJJ. Rcjx. Xahjê|ê l‚fjx|ajm lm 36<6.3:98. rr+ 95'358+
Rjmm OC__CN 
.  Ga}ymgmk|x rczxckx m| |a}onmx cecjmx mk Ickhm cræx nc êyan}|jakjkl}x|jmnnm &36=2'3:=2* °. lckx Nmx ga}ymgmk|x rczxckx lckx nm gaklm hak|mgracjk+ Ch|mx l} VJJJm hakeæx jk|mkc|jakcn lmx xhjmkhmx fjx|ajs}mx. Gaxha}. 39'?8 cað| 3:52
. Hcfjmx jk|mkc|jakc}v l‚fjx|ajm êhakagjs}m m| xahjcnm 
. 9. Emkæym. Lat. 3:58. r+ 3=2'398+
 Dmck'Gjhfmn OC_]HF'EA]_LMK.
Nc ranjhm m| nm haggmhm cgo}nck| â Rcjx c}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm °. lckx Rfjnjrrm YJEJM_ m| Cncjk IC]_M &lj+*.
 Gcjk|jmk lm n‚alm m| ranjhmx mk Ickhm m| mk M}arm c} VJVm xjæhnm 
. Rcjx. Hêcrfjx. 3:65. rr+ ?=3'?95+
 
 ?
Rc}n OCX\JL
.
N‚cyækmgmk| l} x}iicem }kjymxmn 
. Rcjx. Rmxxmx }kjymxj|cjmx lm Ickhm. 3:<6+
Rc}n OCX\JL.
 C kmu mnjejak ai |fm nmi|+ Hfjx|jckj|z ckl Xahjcn _cljhcnjxg jk Ickhm. 363='36<6 °. lckx
 
Ickåajx I]_M\ m| Gakc ATA]I &lj+*.
\fm |ckxiagc|jak ai ranj|jhcn h}n|}m.356:'36<6 
. |+ 8. Avial. Rmecgak Rmxx. 3:6:+
Mlucl OM_MKXAK
.
Rar}njx| _mnjejak ckl Nmi|'Ujke Ranj|jhx jk Ickhm. 3682'36=?.
Rjkhm|ak.Rjkhm|ak ]kjymxj|z Rmxx. 3:6<+
 Cncjk OM_\FA.
Gmk|cnj|êx m| arjkjakx hak|m'êyan}|jakkcjmx lckx nm Gaojfck c}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm. nc Xmhaklm _êr}onjs}m 36<6'36=? °. lckx
O}nnm|jk lm nc Xahjê|ê ranzgc|fjs}m l} Gaojfck
. yan+ 32?. 3:5=. r+ 82'8?+
_aom| D+ OMT]HFC.
 Cxrmh|x l} hakinj| lmx hncxxmx â Nzak. 3683'368< °.
Nm Ga}ymgmk| xahjcn 
. yan+ 59. d}jnnm|'xmr|mgom3:53. r+5'38+
_aom| OAKKM\.
36<6 mk Hfcmk|m. l‚cræx nm da}kcn
Nm Hfcmk|cjx 
°.
Ê|}lmx hfcmk|cjxmx 
. yan+ 5. 3:96. r+ 8?5'8<2+
 Cklê OA]NCKEM.
Nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 â \azmx °.
Xahjê|ê chclêgjs}m cejhanm lm n‚C}om 
Rfjnjrrm OA]_LJK. Dmck'Hnc}lm HC_AK. Gc|fjcx OM_KC_L
.
N‚jkhjlmk| ênmh|acn+ Lm ncêyan}|jak ickåcjxm â nc
 
. yan+ 328. 3:99. r+ 382'38? m| yan+ 32<. 3:95. r+ ?:='822+
êr}onjs}m 
. Hnmgak|'Imckl. Rmxxmx ]kjymxj|cjmx Oncjxm Rcxhcn.?22?+
Kjhancx OA]_E]JKC\.
 N‚Ê|c| m| nmx yjanmkhmx i}gmk|cjmx mk Ickhm xa}x nc _mx|c}c|jak m|nc Gakchfjm lm D}jnnm| °.
_}cnjc+ _my}m lm n‚Cxxahjc|jak lmx }cnjx|mx ickåcjx 
. yan+ 3. 3::5. r+ 33'88+
Ick` R+ OAUGCK.
 
Nm hfjx| lmx ocjhclmx. 356:'3:<6. Dêx}x lmr}jx Dêx}x 
. Rcjx. Hmi. 3:65+
N}hjmk O_CZM.
 Nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 â Oc'nm'L}h °.
O}nnm|jk lm nc Xahjê|ê lmx nm||mx. lmx xhjmkhmx. lmx c|x lm Oc'nm'L}h 
. yan+ :. k² ?. 3:=:. r+ 8='=?+
 Dmck'Na}jx O_JS]M\.
 
Nc |clj|jak mk ga}ymgmk|+ Hnjmk|ênjxgm m| ranj|js}m mk Haxm 
. Rcjx. Omnjk.3::5+
Rjmm O_AHFAK.
Nc hfckxak ickåcjxm+ Nm rcgrfnm| l} rc}ym. l} xahjcnjxgm }|arjs}m â ncêyan}|jak lm 36<6 
. Rcjx. Êlj|jakx xahjcnmx. 3:=5+
Lckjmn O_]KMC]. Na}jx RCZEKC]L. Iêlêjh KC]LJK.
 
 Cxrmh|x lm nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 lckx n‚Jklm 
. Hfï|mc}a}v. Jgrjgmjm lm Oclmn. 3:<6+
Xf}ncgj| HC\\CKM.
 \fm nahcn Cnxc|jck rmxx ak |fm ck|j'Dmujxf ja|x jk 36<6 °.
 Tjak
. yan+ 88.k² 3'?. 3:96. r+ :9':6+
 Ck|akjk HCZ_Ê.
 Nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 â \a}na}xm m| lckx nc Fc}|m'Ecakkm lmx da}kêmx lmiêyjm c}v da}kêmx lm d}jk °. lckx Dchs}mx EALMHFA\ &lj+*.
Nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 â\a}na}xm m| lckx nc Fc}|m'Ecakkm 
. \a}na}xm. Hagj|ê lêrc|mgmk|cn l} Hmk|mkcjm lm ncêyan}|jak lm 36<6. 3:<6. r+ 38='?8<+
Rjmm HFCNGJK.
 ]km jkx|j|}|jak gjnj|cjm lm nc Xmhaklm _êr}onjs}m 4 nc eclm kc|jakcnmgaojnm °.
Ê|}lmx l‚fjx|ajm galmkm m| hak|mgracjkm 
. yan+ ?. 3:<6. r+ 85'68+
 
 8
Rjmm HFCNGJK.
 Nmx yjanmkhmx }cnmx m| n‚êgjm||mgmk| lmx aodm|x c}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm+ Nmh|}mx lm nc}cnj|ê °.
Hcfjmx l‚fjx|ajm 
 Dmck'Rjmm HFC_KCZ 
.
Nmx xh}|jkx ranj|js}mx mk Ickhm. hak|mx|c|jakx m| jkycnjlc|jakx.
Rcjx. Cgckl Hanjk. 3:9?+. yan+ <?. k² 3. 3::5. r+ <:'66+
 Cxfjxf HFC\]_YMLJ
.  _jeejke Mnmh|jakx uj|f Yjanmkhm °.
R}onjh Hfajhm 
. yan+ 3?=. k² 3'?.?22=. r+ 36:'?2?+
Iêlêjh HFC]YC]L.
 Nc gcejx|c|}m l} rcs}m| m| nc ljcoanjxc|jak l} ranj|js}m. 3682'3652 °.
Laj| m| Xahjê|ê 
. yan+ 8<. 3::9. r+ =<3'==9+
Na}jx HNC_MKH.
 Nm halm lm 36?5 m| nmx |a}onmx iamx|jmx lckx nmx Rzêkêmx hmk|cnmx c}gjnjm} l}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm °.
 Ckkcnmx l} Gjlj 
. d}jnnm|'xmr|mgom 3:9=. r+ ?:8'835+
Gcjm'\fêæxm HNAJ\_M.
 Cxrmh| lm nc yjm ranj|js}m lckx nm lêrc|mgmk| l} Ijkjx|æm lm 36<6â 3652 °.
O}nnm|jk lm nc Xahjê|ê chfêanaejs}m l} Ijkjx|æm 
. yan+ ::. k² ?. 3:58. r+ 583'62?+
 Cniml HAOOCK.
 \fm Jkin}mkhm ai |fm Hnmez ckl |fm „Jkx|j|}|m}x Rjgcjmx‗ jk |fm Mnmh|jakai |fm Imkhf Hakx|j|}mk| Cxxmgonz Crjn 36<6 °.
\fm Mkenjxf Fjx|ajhcn _myjmu 
. yan+ =5. k² ??5.3:<?. r+ 88<'8<<+
 Cniml HAOOCK
.  Clgjkjx|c|jym Rmxx}m jk |fm Mnmh|jak ai |fm Imkhf Hakx|j|}mk| Cxxmgonz. Crjn 36<6 °.
O}nnm|jk ai |fm Jkx|j|}|m ai Fjx|ajhcn _mxmchf
. yan+ ?=. 3:=?. r+ 388'3=:+
X}tckkm HAS]M_MNNM
.  Nmx laj|x hannmh|jix m| nmx |a}onmx cecjmx lckx nmx Rzêkêmx mk36<6 °.
 Ch|mx l} 56 
Hakeæx kc|jakcn lmx xahjê|êx xcyck|mx. \a}na}xm. 3:=8
. Rcjx. Jgrjgmjmkc|jakcnm. 3:==+
 X}tckkm HAS]M_MNNM.
 N‚cgêm m| nc êrmxxjak lckx nmx hcgrcekmx &36<6* °.
N‚cgêm m| ncXmhaklm _êr}onjs}m+ Ê|}lmx 
.
Ojonja|fæs}m lm nc êyan}|jak lm 36<6 
Rcjx. Xahjê|ê l‚fjx|ajm lm 36<6.|agm
 VYJJJ
. 3:==. r+ 3?3'3=:+
X}tckkm HAS]M_MNNM
.  Fjx|ajm lm nc yjanmkhm lckx nmx hcgrcekmx ickåcjxmx c}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm+Mxs}jxxm l‚}k ojnck °.
M|fkanaejm ickåcjxm 
. yan+ ?3. k² 8. 3::3. r+ ??<'?89+
X}tckkm HAS]M_MNNM
. Nc yjanmkhm }cnm lckx nc Ickhm l}
 VJV 
m
xjæhnm m| xaklêrêjxxmgmk| 4 n‚êyan}|jak lm n‚jk|mrê|c|jak ranj|js}m °.
H}n|}mx ) hakinj|x 
E}clcn}rm HA__MC'HCO_M_C 
.  Mvrncjkjke Lmgahc|jh Icejnj|z jk Nc|jk Cgmjhc4 Ranj|jhcnYjanmkhm. Ck|j'mejgm _momnnjak. ckl A|fm Jkx|ckhmx ai Lmgahc|jh _}nm °. hagg}kjhc|jakrêxmk|êm c} ?3. yan+ :'32. 3::8.r+ 93'58+
m
Hakeæx Gakljcn lm Xhjmkhm Ranj|js}m &JRXC*. Xck|jcea. 3?'39 d}jnnm| ?22:. ?=r+
Gcyjk _+ HAV.
 \fm njomcn nmej|jgjx|x ckl |fm rc|z ai alm }klm |fm Xmhakl Imkhf_mr}onjh °.
Imkhf Fjx|ajhcn X|}ljmx 
Êjh LC__JM]V 
. N‚chh}mjn lm nc Xmhaklm _êr}onjs}m c} yjnncem mk Clæhfm°.. yan+ =. k² <. 3:96. r+ <<9'<9<+
_jymx kal'gêlj|mckêmkkmx 
 Zymx LMNAZM. Anjyjm JFN 
.  Nc hjyjnj|ê ênmh|acnm 4 ya|m m| iahn}xjak lm nc yjanmkhm mk Ickhm °
.
 
H}n|}mx m| Hakinj|x.
yan+ :'32. 3::8. r+ 5=':9+. Rczxckx m| ra}yajx nahcn. nm |mgrx lmx êyan}|jakx. PMk njekmW. gjx mk njekm nm 4?? d}jnnm| ?22=+ ]_N 4 f||r4!!jymx+my}mx+ae!lah}gmk|:5+f|gn+ Hakx}n|ê nm ?3 kaymgom ?226+

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