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Pathophysiology of Appendicitis (Ruptured)

Pathophysiology of Appendicitis (Ruptured)

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Published by: paul andrew laranjo asuncion on Feb 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/05/2014

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Pathophysiology of Appendicitis (Ruptured\)
Non-modifiable
Age:11-20 yrs oldGender: male(male- female =2:1)Hereditary: tumor formation inthe opening of the appendix
Modifiable
Diet: People whose diet islow in fiber and rich in refinedcarbohydrates
Infections: Gastrointestinalinfections such as Amebiasis,Bacterial Gastroenteritis,Mumps
Obstruction of the appendix by(fecalith (hardened stool), lymphnode, tumor, foreign objects)Increase in pressure inside theappendix lumen that result todistention of appendixImpaired venous return causing hyperemia (improperO
2
, and nutrient supply)Normal bacteria found in appendix begin to invade(infect) the lining of the wallInflammatory Response – body response to the bacterialinvasion in the wall of appendix.Increased Immune complex (disease plus antibody)causes swelling of tissue resulting to inflammation of appendixS/S:
abdominal pain, fever, and increase swelling of appendix 
. Vomiting and loss of appetite
Pain
- located @ RLQ,causing Guarding,Vomiting & loss of appetite
inflammation andinfectionspreadthrough the wall of the appendixcausing death of tissue.The appendix ruptures dueto increase pressure(Perforation)Appendectomy,pain medications
Appendectomy withexplore laparotomy

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