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Glories Of Sri Krishna

Glories Of Sri Krishna

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Sri Krishna
Sri Krishna

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Published by: mexadon1 on Feb 06, 2010
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05/28/2012

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Glories of Sri Krishna
 
Who is Lord Krishna
 Who is Lord Shri Krishna?
 Krishna is God, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This fact is stated and corroborated in the Vedicscriptures and by various authorities. Lord Brahma in Brahma Samhita says, "Krishna who is known asGovinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has noother origin and He is the prime cause of all causes" (BS 5.1). In the Bhagavata Purana Krishna becomes thechief object of devotion. After describing various incarnations of the Lord such as Rama, Balarama, Vamana,Nrsimha, and Vishnu, Srila Sukadeva Goswami states, "All of the above mentioned incarnations are eitherplenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Krishna is the original Personality of Godhead" (SB 1.3.28).Lord Shiva in Gita Mahatmya, states that "let there be only one God - Krishna, the son of Devaki" (Verse 7). Inthe Padma Purana it is stated, "By scrutinizingly reviewing all the revealed scriptures and judging them againand again, it is now concluded that Lord Narayana is the Supreme Absolute Truth, and thus He alone should beworshipped". Similarly it is said in the Skanda Purana, "In the material world, which is full of darkness anddangers, combined with birth and death and full of different anxieties, the only way to get out of the greatentanglement is to accept loving transcendental devotional service to Lord Vasudeva. This is accepted by allclasses of philosophers".The position of Krishna as God is confirmed by great personalities like Narada, Asita, Devala, Vyasa, Parasara,Brahma and Shiva. Finally Krishna Himself confirms this fact in the Bhagavad Gita to His friend and devotee,Arjuna. He clearly says that He is "the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods" (BG 5.29), that "there is notruth superior to Me" (BG 7.7) and - "I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanatesfrom Me" (BG 10.8).
What is the position of Krishna?
 As God, there is no one equal to or greater than Krishna. He is the original, unborn, eternal person, the mostancient, completelyindependent, and the cause of all causes. Parasara Muni, the father of Srila Vyasadeva and a great scholar whohad himself held the position of Vyasa in a previous kalpa, very nicely defines the position of Bhagavana (God)as one Who is complete in six kinds of opulence namely - wisdom, beauty, fame, power, wealth andrenunciation. While there are many great personalities who are very famous or very wealthy, only Krishna asGod is replete in all six opulence.The scriptures not only give us the unique position of Krishna but also give us a detailed description of all Hisaspects. They tell us that above this temporary material universe is an eternal spiritual world called Vaikuntha,and Krishna lives in the topmost planet of this universe called Goloka Vrindavana which is full of palaces madeof touch-stone (cintamani), with trees that are capable of fulfilling all desires (kalpa-vraksha) and cows that arecalled Surabhi.Here Krishna eternally resides, served by hundreds and thousands of goddesses of fortune. He sports with Hismost confidential and intimate devotees, headed by Srimati Radharani. He has a form just like us but His bodyis spiritual and thus eternal. His complexion is dark-blue, like that of a rain-filled cloud and His eyes are likelotus petals. He is ever youthful, full of bliss and His beauty excels that of thousands of cupids. He likes to playthe flute, He sports a crown with a peacock feather and He is adorned by the exquisite kastuba jewel.
What is Krishna avatar?
 In Caitanya-caritamrita (2.20.263-264) it is stated that the "avatara, or incarnation of Godhead, descends fromthe kingdom of God for creating and maintaining the material manifestation. And the particular form of thePersonality of Godhead who so descends is called an incarnation, or avatara. Such incarnations are situated inthe spiritual world, the kingdom of God. When They descend to the material creation, They assume the nameavatar."
 
The Srimad Bhagavatam states that there are countless incarnations just like the waves of the oceans. They fallin various categories like lila (pastime), yuga (period of yuga), manavantara (period of Manu), purusa (Vishnuexpansions) and shaktivesa (empowered). These avatars perform various pastimes based on the time, place andcircumstances, but their purpose is always the same - "to attract the conditioned souls back to their eternalspiritual abode".The incarnations emanate from Vishnu. Maha-Vishnu is the original cause of all material creation and fromHim Garbhodakashai-Vishnu expands and then Ksirodakasayi-Vishnu. Generally all incarnations appearingwithin the material world are plenary portions of Ksirodakasayi-Vishnu (also known as Hari).However only once in a day of Lord Brahma (which lasts for 4.32 billion of our years), does Krishna descend inHis original form, as the avataree, the cause of all avatars. When Krishna appears all the incarnations join withHim. The Supreme Personality of Godhead is the complete whole and all the plenary portions and incarnationsalways live with Him. So when Krishna appeared, Lord Vishnu was always with Him, and while Krishnaenjoyed His pastimes in Vrindavana, the killing of the demons was actually carried out by the His Vishnuportion. Since Krishna eternally resides in Vrindavana, when He left Vrindavana at the age of ten, it was HisVasudeva expansion that actually left.
Appearance of Krishna
 In the era of the Svayambhuva Manu, prajapati Sutapa and his wife Prsni were instructed by Lord Brahma tohave progeny. They performed severe austerities for twelve thousand years of the demigods to have the Lord astheir child. Pleased by their austerities the Lord appeared and granted them this benediction. Since He gavethem this benediction three times, in Satya-yuga He first appeared as the son of Prsni and Sutapa and was calledPrsnigarba. In Treta-yuga they were Aditi and Kasyapa Muni and the Lordappeared as Vamanadeva. Finally in the Dvapara yuga, Krishna in His original form, appeared as the child of Devaki and Vasudeva.Krishna appeared specifically on the request of Bhudevi, the presiding deity of the Earth planet. Distressed bythe burden of many demons who had appeared as powerful Kshatriyas and were ruling the planet impiously, sheassumed the form of a cow and pleaded to Lord Brahma for help. Lord Brahma with all the demigods prayed toVishnu in Svetadvipa by chanting the Purusa-sukta prayers. At this time the Lord informed Brahma that in orderto establish religiosity and destroy evil, He would soon appear as His original Self. In the meantime the variousdemigods were instructed to take birth in various families in the Yadu dynasty and prepare for the appearance of the Lord.
Lifeline of Krishna
 Historically, Lord Krishna appeared in the Dvapara yuga, on the midnight of the 8th day of the dark half of themonth of Sravana. This corresponds to July 19th 3228 BC. He exhibited His pastimes for a little over 125 yearsand disappeared on February 18th 3102 BC on the new moon night of Phalguna. His departure marks thebeginning of the current age of corruption known as Kali.The great scholar Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti neatly outlines Lord Krishna's activities in this way. He wasborn in Mathura in the prison cell of Kamsa and carried to Gokula. The first three years and four months werespent in Gokula, then equal lengths of time in Vrindavana and Nandagram. At the age of eleven He leftVrindavan for Mathura where He lived for eighteen years and four months, and finally ninety-six years andeight months in Dvaraka totaling about 126 years of manifest pastimes. At the time of Mahabharata, whenKrishna spoke the Bhagavad Gita, He was about ninety years of age.
Pastimes of Krishna
 The tenth canto of Srimad Bhagavatam describes the activities and transcendental pastimes of Sri Krishna. Theyare also described in the epic Mahabharata, specially in the Bhishma parva which also contains the BhagavadGita. The pastimes of Krishna appeal to the liberated souls, those that are trying to get liberated and also to thegross materialists.

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