In other cases, the blood clot may totally block the blood supply to the heart muscle, causing what iscalled an acute coronary syndrome. This is actually a name given to three serious conditions:
that can often be relieved with oral
,is unstable, and mayprogress to a
.Usually more intense medical treatment or a procedure is required to treat thisacute coronary syndrome.
Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or "non-Q-wave MI":
This heart attack, or MI, does not cause typical changes on an electrocardiogram (ECG). However, chemical markers in theblood indicate that damage has occurred to the heart muscle.
ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or "Q-wave MI":
This heart attack, or MI, iscaused by a prolonged period of blocked blood supply. It affects a large area of the heart muscle, andcauses changes on the ECG as well as chemical markers in the blood.Some people have symptoms that tell them that they may soon develop an acute coronary syndrome,others may have no symptoms until something happens, and still others have no symptoms of the acutecoronary syndrome at
Other Names for Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary heart disease
Hardening of the arteries
Ischemic (is-KE-mik) heart disease
Narrowing of the arteries Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when not enough oxygen-rich blood is flowing to an area of your heart muscle. Angina mayfeel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The pain also may occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to an area of your heart muscle is completely blocked. This prevents oxygen-rich blood from reachingthat area of heart muscle and causes it to die. Without quick treatment, a heart attack can lead to serious problems and even death.Over time, CAD can weaken the heart muscle and lead to heart failure and arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs). Heart failure is a condition in
which your heart can't pump enough blood throughout your body. Arrhythmias are problems with the speed or rhythm of your heartbeat.
CAD is the most common type of heart disease. It's the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women. Lifestylechanges, medicines, and/or medical procedures can effectively prevent or treat CAD in most people
What Are the Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease?