Ramses the Great didn't defeat anyone at Kadesh. Fed false information by Hittite spies, Ramses led his meninto a trap and barely avoided losing his entire army.Ramses was forced to sign a peace treaty with theHittites (the first non-aggression treaty in history),ending Egypt's expansion into the north.Ramses, like any head of state, had a huge ego and together with not wishing to appear less than godlike to his population (who were taught that he
a God), Ramses promoted the idea that the battle in Kadesh had been a greatvictory for Egypt, certain that most Egyptians lacked themeans to actually travel to Kadesh and find out for themselves what the truth was. (The Canaanites did find out,and emboldened by Ramses' lack of victory, revolted,thereby ending Egypt's dominion beyond the Sinai.)
There is a motto here. Rulers serve bovine excrement to their own people in order to control them.That is a fact carved in stone for all to see, 3200 years ago. It is no less true today than it was inthe time of the pharaohs.
The Donation of Constantine
Prior to the time of Constantine, Kingship was either won in battle or inherited from father to son.There was no specific ceremony upon taking the throne (although one finds records of some verywild parties held in celebration). But in the time of Constantine, the church invented for itself theritual of coronation, in which the Bishop of Rome prayed over Constantine and then slapped acrown on his head, thereby sending out a clear message that the church claimed responsibility for Constantine 's earthly power and authority.