Commonly used other numbering systemsI. Nf - French count: - It is the No of 1000 meters length in ½ kg of yarnII. Nm - Metric system: - Count is the No of 1000 meters length per kg. ofyarn.III. Worsted system: - Count is the No. of 560 yards in one lbs.IV. Linen system: - It is the No. of leas of 300 yards per poundV. Hemp, Jute, Flax: - Count is the No of 14,400 yards length per pound ofyarn
English (Ne) to Denier (D)
5315 / Ne
English (Ne) to Tex
590.5 / Ne
French (Nf) to English (Ne)
- English (Ne)
Nf x 1.181
7.2. Twist per Inch or meter (TPI or TPM)
To give strength to the yarn, certain twist is given in the yarn.
TPI vary according to end use of yarn. More twist for warp yarns, medium twistfor weft yarns and less twist for hosiery yarns.
We calculate the twist as TPI or TPM.
Twist is given in ‘Z’ direction or ‘S’ direction.
If twist is given in CW direction it is ‘Z’ twist.
If it is given in CCW direction it is ‘S’ twist.
Single yarns are given ‘Z’ twist and double yarns are given ‘S’ twist.
Twist relation for double yarn TPI = 0.7 x Single yarn TPI
7.3. Multi-filament Yarns
Multi-filament yarn are identified as 80/34/250, 80/34/0, 155/16/120Here the first number denotes the Denier, second shows No. of filaments in the yarn& the last indicate No. of Twist per meter.
7.4. Winding Calculation
Slub – catcher settings:a. Fixed Blade = Carded - (2.0 to 2.5) x DiameterCombed - (1.5 to 2.0) x Diameterb. Oscillating Blade = Smooth micro-set - 25% more than above