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Seminarska Naloga

# Seminarska Naloga

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02/02/2013

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SEMINARSKA NALOGA
VETRNE ELEKTRARNE

Predmet: Uvod v gradbeni\u0161tvo
Profesor: doc. dr. Du\u0161an \u017dagar, univ. dipl. in\u017e. grad.
Avtor: Bla\u017e Starc

2
Ljubljana, januar 2010
KAZALO

1. Kaj je vetrna elektrarna?................................................................................................................. 3 2. Kak\u0161ne so dimenzije vetrne turbine!.............................................................................................. 3 3. Gradnja vetrne elektrarne. ............................................................................................................. 4

Sestavni deli elektrarne na veter so:.............................................................................................4

4. Kolik\u0161en hrup povzro\u010da vetrna elektrarna?.................................................................................... 4 5. Ali vetrne elektrarne prispevajo k zmanj\u0161evanju emisij toplogrednih plinov?............................... 5 6. Kak\u0161ni so resni\u010dni razlogi gradenj vetrnih elektrarn?..................................................................... 5 7. Zakaj taka hitrost postopkov za spremembo prostorskega plana?................................................ 5 8. Nevarnost za ljudi?.......................................................................................................................... 6 9. Energija vetra..................................................................................................................................6 10.

Prednosti in slabosti.................................................................................................................... 7
11.
Referen\u010dni primer dobre prakse:................................................................................................ 8
Mala vetrna elektrarna na Dunaju:..................................................................................................... 8
12.
Viri:.............................................................................................................................................. 9
3
1. Kaj je vetrna elektrarna?

Vetrna elektrarna je elektroenergetski objekt, s katerim pretvarjamo energijo vetra v elektri\u010dno energijo. Sestavlja jo manj\u0161e ali ve\u010dje \u0161tevilo vetrnih turbin z generatorji (vetrnicami), transformatorska postaja in daljnovod, ki vetrno elektrarno povezuje s prenosnim omre\u017ejem.

2. Kak\u0161ne so dimenzije vetrne turbine!

Vsaka vetrna turbina (vetrnica) naj bi bila name\u0161\u010dena na betonskem temelju 200 m3 , stolpu vi\u0161ine 55 m in premera 3 m, te\u017ee 58 t, na vrhu katerega se vrti trikraki rotor premera 52 m te\u017ee 10t in generator 22 t. Skupna vi\u0161ina vetrne turbine tako zna\u0161a 82 m in te\u017ee 90 t, kar ustreza vi\u0161ini 30- nadstropne stolpnice. (Za primerjavo, oddajnik, antena pri Ob\u010dinah je visoka 54m.)

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