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analiza spectrala 1

analiza spectrala 1

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Published by Andreea Radici

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Published by: Andreea Radici on Feb 07, 2010
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10/06/2013

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By Simion Adrian-VictorSima DenisMicu Ovidiu Visan Mihaita
 
ANALIZA SPECTRALA
Intemeietorii analizei spectrale, Kirchhoff si Bunsen auaratat ca atat spectrele de emisie cat si cele de absorbtie aleatomilor pot sta la baza unor excelente metode de analizachimica.Perfectionarea continua a acestor a contribuit ladescoperirea unui mare numar de elemente in compozitiaPamantului si a altor corpuri ceresti.
Figura 1. Absorbţia şi emisia radiaţiei
 
 
ANALIZA SPECTRALA
Printre noile elemente descoperite se numara rubidiul si cesiul,denumirea acestor elemente pastrand amprenta istoricului descoperirii
lor, deoarece rubidiul emite o linie rosie inchisa (rubinie) si una violeta,
iar cesiul doua linii albastre(cesiul-albastru cerului senin).Sensibilitatea ridicata combinata cu posibilitatea rapida de efectuarea aanalizei, face din metoda analizei spectrale un instrument extrem depretios in cadrul cercetarilor stiintifice si tehnologice.
 
Figura 2. Exemplu pentru fiecare tip de spectru (înordine):continuu
, de linii de emisie, de linii de absorbţie,de bandă
 

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