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Thermal Analysis SSK 4242

Thermal Analysis SSK 4242

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Published by Joe Lozzoll
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Published by: Joe Lozzoll on Feb 07, 2010
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Lecture 4 4-Nov-04
Thermal AnalysisSSK 4242
Factors Affecting the TGA Thermograms:
1.Instrumental factors1.Sample factors
Lecture 4 4-Nov-04
Thermal AnalysisSSK 4242
1.The Effects of Instrumental (Balance) Factorson the TGA Thermogram:a)The Effects of Heating Rate
For an endothermic reaction, the
depends on the heatingrate;
The initial temperature (
) becomes higher when the heating rateis higher compared to the initial temperature when the heating rateis lower;
The final temperature (
) becomes higher when the heating rate ishigher compared to the final temperature when the heating rate islower;
The temperature range (
) is also larger when the heating rateis higher compared to the temperature range when the heatingrate is lower;
Lecture 4 4-Nov-04
Thermal AnalysisSSK 4242
 An example of the effect of heating rate on the TGAthermogram of Ferum(II) Carbonate is shown in
Figure 3.17
 At any temperature range, the decomposition level becomeshigher when the heating rate is lower compared to that whenthe heating rate is higher;
For an exothermic reaction, the sample temperaturebecomes higher than the furnace temperature and thetemperature difference between that of the sample and thatof the furnace also becomes bigger;
When there is a chain of reactions, the heating rate maybecome the major factor that will influence whether or notresolution/separation of the reactions will be achieved.
a)The Effects of Heating Rate (Cont’d)

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