Chinese capitalism developed becauseMao "retreated from drawing all theconsequences of the Cultural Revolution"(210; 198-210).
Ch. 5: Stalinism Revisited, or, HowStalin Saved the Humanity of Man.The Stalinist cultural counter-revolution.
It can be argued that"Stalinism effectively saved what weunderstand as the humanity of man"(211; 211-14).
A letter which did notreach its destination (and therebyperhaps saved the world).
How? Byevading global nuclear war (214-19).
By relying on whisperedrumor, Stalinism was profound human(219-22).
From objective tosubjective guilt.
But Stalinism stillrelied on a "big Other" (the Lacaniannotion again,
le grand Autre
), as thepurge trial transcripts show (222-36).
"[W]hatmakes Shostakovich's music'Stalinist' . . . is
his very distance towardsit
"; comparison to
(236,emphasis in original; 236-46).
Stalinist terror hadan enthusiastic carnivalesque characterthat was no longer possible afterKhrushchev (246-53).
...in the films of Sergei Eisenstein.
Eisenstein's "lostabsolute masterpieces"
and Part III of
Ivan the Terrible
expressed"the shift in the libidinal economy fromthe Leninist revolutionary fervor to theStalinist Thermidor" (253; 253-58).
slightly less bad
Ch. 6: Why Populism Is (Sometimes)Good Enough in Practice, but Not inTheory.
[A rebuttal to critiques byErnesto Laclau and Yannis Stavrakakis—the book's longest chapter.] "There isalways in populism always somethingviolent" (264; 264-66).
Good enough inpractice...
The "no" votes to the EUconstitutional referendum in 2005 inFrance and the Netherlands signified apopulist "rejection of the blackmail bythe new elite," even if it did fail topresent a credible alternative (270; 266-76).
...but not good enough intheory.
Democracy is the only politicalform that institutionalizes antagonism;the protest movements of recentdecades have not been populist (276-85).
The "determining role of theeconomy": Marx with Freud.
"Politicsis . . . a name for the distance of the'economy' from itself" (291; 285-93).
Drawing the line.
Populism is merelyreactive, where as "true radical-emancipatory politics" is "active,imposing, enforcing its vision" (304; 293-304).
Zizek defends hisLacanian credentials and his knowledgeof Marxism (304-16).
Also hisuse of the concept of negativity (316-24).
The vacuity of the politics of
Like populist mobs,terrorist fundamentalists lack trueconviction (324-33).
PART III: WHAT IS TO BE DONE?Ch. 7: The Crisis of DeterminateNegation.
The Frankfurt School waspredicated on resigning oneself tocapitalism, which resignation is nowwidespread (337-39).
A critique of SimonCritchley's
...and its politics of resistance.
More criticism of Critchleyas too accommodating to capital (346-50).
"Goodbye Mister ResistingNomad."
Toni Negri, "Capital isnot yet purely parasitic" (350-59).
Zizek is mordant on Negri'sattempt to oppose the Iraq war by goingto Davos (359-62). In fact, "the'American century' is over" and we areentering a multipolar world (362; 361-64).
Deleuze without Negri.
Critiqueof Deleuze (364-74).
"Every revolution thusconsists of two different aspects: factualrevolution plus spiritual reform" (374;374-80).