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Australia and History of Australia

Australia and History of Australia

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Published by: api-22760970 on Feb 08, 2010
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09/07/2011

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Australia and history of Australia
Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for tens of thousands of years. During that time, records —some dating from extremeantiquitywere passed down through the generations throughspoken allegories, myths, and songs. The written history of Australia began in 1606, whenPedro Fernandes de Queirós, aPortuguesenavigator sailing for theSpanishCrown, reached there in 1606. Fernandes sighted a verylarge island south of New Guinea, which he named
La Australia del
 
Espiritu Santo
(nowVanuatu). After becoming separated from itsflagship, a ship in said expedition (commandeered bySpaniard Luis  Váez de Torres) passed through Torres Strait, from where he might have sighted Australia's northern coast. . These discoveries inspiredseveral mariners —among them,DutchexplorerAbel Tasmanto further chart the area. Though Tasman is best known for his voyage of 1642 —in which hebecame the first known European to reach the islands of 
VanDiemen's Lan
(now Tasmania) andNew Zealand, and to sight theFiji islands— he also contributed significantly to the mapping of Australia proper. With three ships on his second voyage in 1644, hefollowed the south coast of New Guinea westward. He missedthe Torres Straitbetween New Guinea and Australia, but continuedhis voyage along the Australian coast and ended up mapping thenorth coast of Australia making observations on the land and itspeople.In spite of these voyages, however, Australia remained largelyunvisited by Westerners up until the firstBritishexplorations. In1769, James Cooksailed theHMS Endeavourin an extensive effort to locate the supposed Southern Continent to the south and westof  Tahiti. The expedition eventually led in 1770 to the Britishdiscovery and charting of the eastern coastline of Australia.
 
International Trade
Australia is a member of the International Convention to Facilitatethe Importation of Commercial Samples and Advertising and themain export commodities are alcohols, animal feed, automotivecomponents, boats, cereals, coal, confectionery, crude oil, dairyproducts, dried fruit, fruit, gold, herbs and spices and iron ore.Australia’s major imports include animals, capital goods, chemicalproducts, computers, consumer goods, crude oil, energy, foodingredients, fuel, industrial products, machinery and miscellaneousmanufactured goods.Australia and New Zealand share a free trade zone under the CloserEconomic Relations (CER) agreement whereby all goods originatingin each market enjoy duty-free access to the market. This includesconformity of standards and access to government tenders. Beingestablished in the Australian market eases entry into the NewZealand market and vice versa. There is a Free Trade Zone inDarwin, Australia.
Cities and Towns in Australia (9,697)
Industries of Australia (37)
Companies and Organisations in Australia (13,991)
Products and Services of Australia (1,687)
Business Facilities in Australia (271)

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