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3Population Survey, we could not compare it to other data we frequently use, such as the numberand percent of women in certain industries and occupations, women working part-time, workingmothers and most of the other Bureau of Labor Statistics data Catalyst uses.
6. Will women ever be more than 50% of the labor force?
We do not know. The Institute for Women’s Policy Research hopes that a 50% milestone willencourage policymakers to look more closely at equal pay, flexibility, sick leave and other issuesthat disproportionately affect women.
Time will tell whether changing laws, economic growth (or not), and women’s increasingeducation rates, and the growth of a knowledge economy leads to them becoming a majority of the labor force or increasing numbers of management, professional and related occupations.According to the most recent labor force projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics,however, in 2018 women are projected to be 46.9% of the labor force, 0.2 percentage pointshigher than they were in 2009.
7. What is the difference between “labor force” and “employed” data from theBureau of Labor Statistics?
The labor force data is composed of:
Employed workers age 16 and older in agriculture industries.
Employed workers age 16 and older in nonagricultural industries.
Unemployed workers, which are defined as people who want to work and are available towork and who have made recent specific efforts to find employment, as well as peoplewaiting to be hired back to a job from which they had been laid off.The labor force does not include:
People who are not available or do not desire to work.
“Marginally attached workers,” which are people who want to work or are available towork but have not searched for work within the previous four weeks of data collection.
“Discouraged workers,” which is a subset of marginally attached workers and defined aspeople who want to work and are available to work but are not looking for work becausethey believe there are no jobs available or none for which they would quality.
Anyone who falls outside the “civilian noninstitutional population.” The “civiliannoninstitutional population” is defined as persons 16 years of age and older residing inthe 50 States and the District of Columbia who are not inmates of institutions (forexample, penal and mental facilities, homes for the aged), and who are not on active dutyin the Armed Forces.Employed workers, a subset of the labor force, is composed of:
The civilian noninstitutional population age 16 and older in agriculture andnonagricultural industries who are actively employed.
8. How many women are in management, professional, and related occupations?