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Published by J. O. M. Salazar

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Published by: J. O. M. Salazar on Feb 09, 2010
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program(CARP)
01. What is the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP)?The CARP is a social justice and poverty alleviation program which seeks to empower the livesof agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs) through equitable distribution and ownership of the land based on the principle of land to the tiller. It likewise provides opportunities for a dignified andimproved quality of life of the ARBs through the provision of adequate support services for sound rural development and the establishment of economic-size farms as the basis of Philippineagriculture.02. What is the basis of CARP?RA 6657 or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) of 1988, is the basis for theimplementation of CARP. This law embodies the state policy of processing CARP aimed atliberating the vast potential wealth of Philippine agriculture by giving the majority of theFilipinos the real and rightful stake in the land.03. What is the essence of CARP?The essence of CARP is asset reform, i.e., redistribution of wealth thus enabling the poor andmarginalized to have access of capital resources (land, money, etc.); importation of agricultural products is more of the Department of Agriculture’s (DA) concern.04. How does the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) help the farmers?There are specific ways in which DAR helps the plight of farmers:* Distribution of all agricultural lands regardless of tenurial arrangement and commodities produced. For non-land distribution however, the DAR strengthens and protects the farmerssecurity of tenure in leasehold and stock distribution option.* Delivery of appropriate support services such as intensification of support services; ruralenterprise development, promotion of self-reliant livelihood programs, continuous socialmarketing and advocacy campaigns.* Agrarian justice for agrarian-related cases (e.g. legal representation & adjudication of cases)05. Is the DAR land distribution program uniformly implemented in the country?It would depend on the hectare target of the region. There are regions with high CARP scope andthe others are high on non-Land Acquisition & Distribution (LAD) programs. Those with largeremaining land acquisition balances are those with problematic landholdings which are currently being worked out by the DAR. (e.g., CARP balances in Negros, Region V balances, etc.,).
06. How does the DAR conduct its information dissemination drive to the public?The DAR has a continuous education and information campaign. For instance, the AgrarianReform (AR) Advocacy Program is conducted regularly in schools and institutions who wouldlike to be oriented on CARP.The Department also farms out information kit, newsletters, brochures, primers and other IECmaterials for dissemination and distribution to the public. It also accommodates walk-inresearchers from different sectors. This policy holds true to all DAR offices (local and national).The DAR also has its own official website. Interested public can log on anytime at the DAR website (www.dar.gov.ph)07. Who are qualified as Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs)?Section 22 of RA 6657, states that qualified farmer beneficiaries are as follows:* Agricultural lessees and share tenants;* Regular farmworkers;* Seasonal farmworkers;* Other farmworkers;* Actual tillers or occupants of public lands;* Collective or cooperatives of the above beneficiaries; and* Others directly working on the land08. What are the requisites of a qualified ARB?In Section 22 of RA 6657, the following can qualify:* Landless as defined in RA 6657. One is considered landless if he/she owns less than 3hectares of agricultural land;* Filipino citizen;* At least 15 years of age or head of the family at the time of acquisition of property; and* Has willingness, ability and aptitude to cultivate and make the land productive as possible.09. How does DAR identify an ARB?The DAR in coordination with the Barangay Agrarian Reform Community (BARC) registers alagricultural lessees, tenants and farmworkers who are qualified to be beneficiaries of CARP.
These potential beneficiaries with the assistance of the BARC and the DAR shall provide thefollowing data:* Names and members of their immediate farm household;* Owners or administrators of the lands they work on and length of tenurial relationship;* Location and area of the land they work;* Crops planted; and* Share in the harvest or amount of rental paid or wages received(Section 15 of RA 6657; DAR AO 10 series of 1989 and AO No. 7 series of 2003)10. What are the obligations of an ARB?His or her obligations would be as follows:* The agricultural productivity of the land should be maintained; and* The change in the nature of the use of the land shall be protected except with the approval of the DAR under its rules on conversion or exemption.11. Are idle and abandoned lands covered under the CARP?Yes. Pursuant to Section 7 in relation to Section 3 (e) of the Comprehensive Agrarian ReformLaw (CARL), idle and abandoned agricultural lands are priority areas for coverage under CARP.12. Filipinos working abroad left their farm lands; if they are not being tilled, what does theDAR do?The farm land will be subject to the landowner’s 5-hectare right of retention. The excess thereof,may be covered by the DAR under CARP for distribution to qualified agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs).Section 2, paragraph 9 of RA 6657 emphasizes that if the land is left untilled, the State shall beguided by the principle that land has a social function and land ownership has a socialresponsibility. Owners of agricultural land have the obligation to cultivate directly or throughlabor administration the lands they own and thereby make the land productive.13. Are uplands which are being agriculturally developed exempted from CARP coverage?If at the advent of CARP said lands are already agriculturally developed and productive, theyare not exempted from CARP.

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