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Frequency Modulation and Demodulation

Frequency Modulation and Demodulation

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Published by sanatb_88
Telemetry lab
Telemetry lab

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Published by: sanatb_88 on Feb 09, 2010
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01/25/2013

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Frequency modulation and demodulation
Frequency Modulation
In angle modulation, the amplitude of the signal is held constantand the phase is being varied with the message. An anglemodulated signal is of the form:(1) The instantaneous phase of x
c
(t) is given by(2)and the instantaneous frequency is given by(3)Using this approach, if the message is proportional to φ(t), whichis the
 phase deviation
, then we have
 phase modulation
. If themessage is proportional to , which is the
frequency deviation
,then we have
frequency modulation
.In order to have phase modulation,(4)where k
p
is known as the
deviation constant 
. For frequencymodulation,(5)
 
where k
is known as the
frequency deviation constant 
.Consequently, an FM modulated signal is of the form(6)An FM signal is shown in Figure1 
Figure 1:
Frequency modulation
Frequency Demodulation
 There are several ways to demodulate an FM signal. The simplestway is to use a differentiator followed by an AM detector dodemodulate and FM signal as shown in Figure2 
Figure 2:
Frequency discriminator
 
In order to implement the above the frequency discriminator, weneed to design a differentiator.
Circuit diagram:

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