CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MASLOW’S HEIRARCHY
Maslow gave a hierarchal structure of
in a pyramid form. It was a structure from bottom to top with physiological needs at the bottom and self-actualization at the top.According to Maslow every human comes under this hierarchal structure andadvocated it will for the purpose of the motivation.But as the time are changing, the environment is also constantly changing, thedemographic structure, the sociocultural environment is changing at a rapid pace. So thequestion arises that does the Maslow’s hierarchical structure covers these changes also?The structure has to be evolved according to the changing circumstances. There is variouslacunae in the Maslow’s hierarchal structure.
Basis of Critical Analysis
Maslow did identify the needs correctly but the hierarchal structure does notfollow in many circumstances. The Maslow’s hierarchal structure does not also define theself-actualization correctly , the definition given by the Maslow was vague and if wedeemed it to be true then the whole hierarchal structure fails.Maslow’s hierarchal structure did not follow on many instances and with thechanging time it is coming more fore and visible.
Some of the instances are given below. After critically evaluating the situations,there is a need to re-define the Maslow’s structure.(1)The army persons, if we critically evaluate them we can see the Maslow’shierarchal does not follow on this situation. According to Maslow thePsychological needs like hunger, thirst comes first then the self-esteem and thesocial acceptance comes, but in the case of the Army personnel’s who are fightingat the border remain thirsty, hungry for many days but they are still willing to dieanytime for the country because of they life for there country.(2)Maslow’s self-actualization said that person who likes to do something and itcomes after all other needs. But Artists like musicians, painter who are doingwhat they like and also the sport persons who may not be known by anyone buttill they do what they look and are in the process of self-actualization. Self-Actualization is a process that goes on for life long so the structure has to be open.(3)There is a set of people like immigrants or refugees who are also seen to notfollow the hierarchal structure. So refugees, now form a huge chunk of population, if the Maslow’s structure does not follows then it is a huge lacunae inthe structure and it needs to be reviewed. Refugee situation is a very complexsituation because the refugees may have achieved the stage of the self-actualization and because of certain reasons they have to live in camps wherethere is a dearth of food and also devoid of recent example is Sri-Lankan Tamilswho are in refugee campls after being caught in the cross-fire of the war betweenSri-Lankan Army amd LTTE.(4)Maslow’s Structure does not take into account the cultural differences betweenthe countries that exist. There are different cultures with different norms and