Measuring the facilitiesmanagement influencein delivering sustainableairport developmentand expansion
Andrew W. Brown and M.R. Pitt
Many airports are presently facingunprecedented increases in demand, drivenby greater competition between airlines,deregulation and increased commercialglobalisation. Growth levels of between 4 and9 per cent per annum, in terms of passengernumbers, have been sustained over the pastten years (Boeing, 2000). The number of passengers travelling by air is anticipated toincrease 100 per cent by 2020 (InternationalCivil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), 2000) asglobalisation increases and as developingeconomies mature. Forecasts by theDepartment of the Environment, Transportand the Regions (DETR) and the CivilAviation Authority (CAA) forward similarpredictions. Therefore, it is highly probablethat airports and in particular the builtfacilities which support them, will require tobe further developed. Airports within the UK which have either built new facilities to meetdemand within the past three years, or whichare presently planning new facilities includeEdinburgh, Glasgow, Luton, Liverpool,Manchester, Stansted and Heathrow. Furtherdevelopment at these airports and at the UK'sremaining airports is probable. Airports aretypically associated with detrimentalenvironmental effects. They are seen to havesubstantial environmental influences in termsof CO
, NOX and SO
pollution, energyconsumption, noise pollution, wasteproduction and hydrological damage. Theforecast growth comes at a time of increasedglobal awareness of energy consumption andpollution levels. Whitelegg (1997) argues thataviation activity represents a fundamentalthreat to the global environment. It isgenerally accepted that the environmentalimpacts associated with aviation activity willcontinue to increase in the coming years(GAO, 2000).Sustainability is an area increasing inimportance for the construction industry ingeneral. This being the case, it is reasonableto expect the contemporary facilities manager(FM) to possess a specific set of tools andknowledge concerning environmentalefficient building design and operation.We can expect the FM to bring these tobear on a wide range of property stocks as
The authorsAndrew W. Brown
are both Lecturers atHeriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK.
Airports, Sustainability, Environmental impact, Modelling
The facilities at airports are extensive, diverse in nature andare core to future income and therefore future profitability.Current forecasts indicate a probable growth in air travel of approximately 100 per cent over the next 20 years. It isunlikely that such growth will be accommodated withoutconsiderable expansion of the built facilities presently foundat existing airports. However, airports are notoriously poorenvironmental performers. Any growth or expansion must beaccompanied by improvements in relation to environmentalimpact. Argues that facilities management has a significantrole to play in ensuring that future airport expansion issustainable. The role of the facilities management professionin this regard is investigated and a conceptual evaluationframework designed to measure the likely sphere of influence of the airport facilities manager is developed.While the framework presented herein is designed tounderstand the role of the FM in the context of airportfacilities, the analytical technique underpinning it isapplicable to designing evaluation models to performanalyses of the FM influence in the case of other facilities.The paper's relevance thus extends beyond airportmanagement.
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Received: December 2000Revised: January 2001
FacilitiesVolume 19.Number 5/6.2001.pp. 222±232
MCB University Press.ISSN 0263-2772