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Nuno Scarf Tutorial

Nuno Scarf Tutorial

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Published by: Pat on Feb 09, 2010
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07/08/2013

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Directions for Nuno Felt Scarf
History of Nuno Felt
Nuno felting is relatively new to the world of felt making. The technique was developed in 1994 by textile artistPolly Stirling and her assistant, Sachiko Kotaka. They learned that by manipulating a small amount of wool fiberthrough a base fabric, they created a felted fabric with characteristics quite different from traditional felt. Nunofelt is lightweight with a lovely drape and flexibility. It is a wonderful textile for apparel, home décor andjewelry. Truly, the possibilities are endless.If you are a left brain (process oriented) human, you need to let yourself go a bit as felt making is not an exactscience. The directions are intended to provide technical assistance but you are encouraged to create
outside ofthe box.
It might be necessary to make some independent choices along the way. You will have extra materials
in your kit that can be used to alter the basic design. Have fun and do not feel too constrained….Relax and have a
great time!
Materials (Figure 1)
Silk Fabric Superfine Merino Wool Top Silk Throwsters WasteSilk Top Bubble Wrap Pool NoodleToile Netting Beading Thread Olive Oil SoapSqueeze Bottle Silk Embroidery Floss Assorted Swarovski Crystals
STAGE ONE: THE FELTING PROCESS
Lay the towel you brought with you on the table. Put the bubble wrap on top the towel with the bubbles facing up. Fill yoursqueeze bottle with cool water and add a few drops of soap to the bottle. [Note: although felting is usually done with warmwater, Nuno felting is better done with cool water. It will slow down the felting process, providing the fiber the timenecessary to migrate through the silk before it felts together. The extra time will also give you a bit more control as youlearn.a.
 
Place the silk fabric on top of the bubble wrap.b.
 
Pick up your wool. It is too thick to work with as you find it. Gently separate it into two pieces
. FIGURE 2
.Separate it a few more times until you have a piece of wool that is approximately an inch wide. This is not anexact science, so just go with your gut instinct.c.
 
Pick up the wool top and lay the end of it down on the top left edge of the silk. Put one hand on the wool tosecure it and gently pull off tufts of fiber with your other hand. If it is difficult to pull, then move your handsfurther apart.
The wool should separate gently and easily…no major effort should be expended!
This is called
“Shingling.”
FIGURE 3.
Do not try to separate the wool with your hands too close together. The wool is strongerthan you are and you will not be able to tear it.
FIGURE 4.
Rather, if you gently shingle the wool with your handsmore widely separated, it will easily pull apart at a natural breaking point.
 
d.
 
Continue to shingle, placing the wool so that each shingle gently overlaps the previous shingle by about a halfinch. There should not be any
“bald spots.”
Your objective is to use the wool to create a nice fiber seam alongthe entire perimeter.
FIGURE 5.
The shingle should be about an inch or so wide. You can bring the wool to theedge of the bubble wrap, but not beyond. [Note: You will not yet be able to shingle the silk fabric that is draping
over the table. Don’t worry about it…we wi
ll take care of it in a minute.)
FIGURE 6
 e.
 
Now is the
time to add some wool decoration. The more wool you add, the more “ruching” (textured puckering)
you will get in the silk fabric.
FIGURE 7.
 f.
 
Once you are happy with the wool placement, it is time to add some silk decoration. The silk will add a lovelysheen to the finished scarf. IMPORTANT NOTE: Silk will not felt by it
self. Rather, all silk must be “captured” by
the wool in order to felt into the fabric. Accordingly, any silk used must be placed on top of wool.
FIGURE 8.
 g.
 
Double check to see that there are no bald spots and that at least half of the fiber
“seam”
along the exterioredges is situated directly on top of the silk. You want the wool to migrate INTO the silk, not away from the silk.Once you are satisfied with the placement of the fiber, cover the entire piece with the toile netting. The purposeof the netting is to capture the fiber and hold it in place so that it does not randomly move about while you arefelting.
FIGURE 9
 h.
 
Sprinkle soapy water liberally over the netting. You want to wet down the entire piece.
FIGURE 10
 i.
 
Use the palm of your hands to flatten down the fiber. Start in the middle and work your way out.
FIGURE 8
j.
 
Once the entire piece has been wet and flattened, it is time to
make the “jelly roll” and begin to roll.
k.
 
Put your pool noodle at one edge of the netting and roll up the bundle, including the bubble wrap and toile.
FIGURE 12
l.
 
You will soon get to the edge that was draping over the table. Take a few minutes to lay out the wool and silk onthis edge. Cover it with the toile and wet it down as described in steps
h-j
. Finish rolling the bundlem.
 
Tie the bundle with the pantyhose.
FIGURE 13
n.
 
Roll the bundle gently back and forth 100 times with light pressure.
FIGURES 14, 15
 o.
 
Time to take a peek! Unwrap the roll and gently pull the toile netting off of the silk. The wool might tend to
stick to the toile…no worries…just pull it off. Take a minute to
smooth out any creases that may have developedand fix any stray fibers that have gotten out of place.p.
 
Once you are satisfied with the positioning of the fibers, cover the silk with the netting, roll the bundle, andsecure with ties. Roll another 100 times, using a bit more pressure.
 
q.
 
Felt shrinks in the direction that it is rolled. Unroll the package and re-roll from the other side. Do another 100rolls, exerting a lot of pressure this time.
 
r.
 
Now it is time for the pinch test! Unroll the package and pinch some of the fiber. It should be starting to “grab”
the silk fabric. If you are able to pull up the wool with the fiber, you are ready to begin Fulling!
FIGURE 16STAGE TWO: THE FULLING PROCESS
s.
 
“Fulling” refers to the process by which you agitate the felt to shrink it. The agitation forces the fibers to become
more entangled, compressing them and forcing out the air between them. This will cause the fabric to shrink andbecome stronger. Start the fulling process by rubbing the material against the bubble wrap.
FIGURE 17
t.
 
I generally start out with light pressure and then increase the pressure once I see that the fiber is migratingthrough the silk. You can tell that the migration is successful when you look at the underside of the fabric and seea bubbling/puckering where the wool has come through.
FIGURES 18, 19
u.
 
Finish the Fulling by lifting your fabric over your head and throwing it against the table. Get out all of youraggression! Felting is better than therapy! Feel free to put your fabric in a zip lock baggie and throw that if youwant to avoid any water backsplash.v.
 
Rinse the soapy water from your scarf.
FIGURE 20
 
STAGE THREE: EMBELLISHMENT
a.
 
The textural play between the warmth of the felt and the sparkle of the crystal is tantalizing! There is no ruleregarding the embellishment...do as much or as little as your wish. Take a close look at your finished piece and letthe fabric be your guide. The hole in the crystal is sharp and can cut ordinary thread. Use Fireline beading threadfor added security.b.
 
FINISHED!
 
Gorgeous, gorgeous, gorgeous!
Figure 21
 
 
 
Nuno Felt Scarf
 
Stage One: The Felting Process
Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4
The Supplies Separate the wool Shingling
Oops! Don’t do this!
 
Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8
Shingle the Perimeter
Don’t worry about this yet Add more wool decoration
Lay silk on top of wool.
Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12
Cover with netting Sprinkle the piece with water Flatten the fibers Make the jelly roll

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