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Lasers in Dentistry

Lasers in Dentistry

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Published by Dr. Nikhil saran

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Published by: Dr. Nikhil saran on Feb 09, 2010
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LASERS IN DENTISTRY
Introduction
Laser is an acronym, which stands for Light Amplification byStimulated Emission of Radiation. Several decades ago, the laser was adeath ray, the ultimate weapon of destruction, something you would onlyfind in a science fiction story. Then lasers were developed and actuallyused, among other places, in light shows. The beam sparkled, it showed pure, vibrant and intense colors. Today the laser is used in the scanners atthe grocery store, in compact disc players, and as a pointer for lecturer andabove all in medical and dental field. The image of the laser has changedsignificantly over the past several years.With dentistry in the high tech era, we are fortunate to have manytechnological innovations to enhance treatment, including intraoral videocameras, CAD-CAM units, RVGs and air-abrasive units. However, noinstrument is more representative of the term high-tech than, the laser.Dental procedures performed today with the laser are so effective that theyshould set a new standard of care.This presentation intends to discuss the role of lasers in dentistry.1
 
History of Lasers
The first working laser was produced by TH Maiman 35 years agoHe described a laser based on a ruby crystal pumped by a high-power flash lamp which produced deep red visible light at two wavelength.
Approximately, the history of lasers begins similarly to much of modern physics, with Einstein. In 1917, his paper in PhysikialischeZeil, “Zur Quantern Theorie der Strahlung”, was the first discussion of stimulated emission.
In 1954 Townes and Gordon built the first microwave laser or better known as MASERwhich is the acronym for MicrowaveAmplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation’
In 1958, Schawlow and Townes suggest the possibility to use thisstimulated emission for light amplification.
In May 1960, Theodore Maimen at Hughes Aircraft company madethe first laser. He used a ruby as the laser medium.2
 
One of the first reports of laser light interacting with tissue was fromZaret; he measured the damage caused by lasers incident upon rabbitretina and iris.
In 1961, the first gas laser was developed by Javan et al in 1961.This was the first continuous laser and used helium – neon.
In 1964, the Nobel Prize for the development of the laser wasawarded to Townes, Basor and Prokhovov in 1964.
The neodymium – doped (Nd): glass laser was developed in 1961 by Snitzer.
In 1964 Nd: YAG was developed by Geusic.
The CO
2
laser was invented by Patel et al in 1965.
1975 – Excimer Laser developed by ‘AYCO’.
Polanyi in 1970 applied CO
2
laser clinically.
In 1990 Ball suggested opthalmologic application of ruby laser.3

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