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Spau and Spdd

Spau and Spdd

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Published by vsivaramakrishna
SAP R/3 BASIS SUPPORT PACKAGES
SAP R/3 BASIS SUPPORT PACKAGES

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Published by: vsivaramakrishna on Feb 10, 2010
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10/23/2012

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In upgradiation project SPDD and SPAU Aare the main transactions.Upgradiation project are like1.Technical Upgrade2.Functional UpgradeIn technical project process steps like1.System preparation and stack level patch upgrade – Basis Team2.SPDD Phase – ABAP and Functionals3.Up gradation of the system – Basis Team4.SPAU Phase – ABAP and Functionals5.DBACOCKPIT for indexing – ABAP TEAM6.Issue resolution and error tracking – ABAP and Functionals7.Zprograms corrections – obsolete function modules and objects
In SPDD Phase
 This transaction code SPDD is the core step in an upgrade project. The systemcompares all the dictionary objects – data elements, database tables and structuresof the latest system (say ECC) with the previous or the old system (Say 4.6c). Theseall elements are present under two nodes – with modification assistant and withoutmodification assistant. Objects present under with modification assistant have themodification assistant ‘ON’ and we can see the modification logs.The objects in greencolor as shown below are the objects processed already and the ones in blue are theones which still need to be processed. Apart from the nodes – ‘With modificationassistant ‘and ‘Without modification assistant ‘, there is one more node sometimes – ‘Deleted objects’. This node contains objects which are deleted in the newer versionof SAP and this node is to be left as it is. The objects under ‘With modificationassistant’ and ‘Without modification assistant’ are to be processed by the ABAP team.The ABAP team clicks on the objects one by one – it takes us to the correspondingobject – data element, structure or database table in the SE11 transaction codewhere we need to do the version comparison of the object. Click on Utilities
 Versions
Version Management. There it shows all the versions of the object. Thetopmost or the latest version is of the Latest SAP Version and the versions below arethe previous or modified versions.Now, we need to compare the Latest SAP versionwith the previous versions. Click on the check boxes of the two versions to compareand then click on the ‘compare’ button. We have to choose two and only twoversions in order to compare them. In the comparison, it shows the differences inthe two versions. We can click the Delta Comparison to see the delta differencesbetween the two versions of the object. Now, after seeing the comparison, theABAPER has to decide whether he/she wants to keep the Latest SAP version (ECC) of the object. (Reset to Original) or he/she wants to keep the changes made ormodifications made (Adapt Modification) in the previous system (4.6c). For Examplesay a table MARA is there in SPDD. When we click on it and go to the version
 
comparison, suppose it shows that 2 new fields are added in the Latest SAP version(ECC), when compared to the older version (4.6c).The ABAPER has to analyze thepros and corns of this objects – If he/she resets the table to original in SPDD, the 2new fields would be added in the table MARA. If he Adapts modification, wheneverany transaction or any program tries to store or read any value from the two newfields, it might give a short dump. So in this case, it is better to go for ‘Reset tooriginal’. Considering another example, if say a data element say PRODH1 was of length say char7 in the previous versions where it had been modified by the userfrom char5 to char7 by the user for their business requirement, and again in theLatest SAP version, its char5, then it is better to adopt modification since in sometransactions the user might be storing char7 values instead of char5. So if we resetthe object to original, it might give dumps whenever char7 length value gets storedin any field using PRODH1 data element.
In SPAU Phase
The SPAU transaction contains the objects – Programs, Reports, Screens, Messages,Notes, Function Modules etc. which have difference in the Latest SAP request and theprevious ones. This SPAU phase can be done either just after SPDD or after the Upgradation of the system by the Basis team.The same way we need to compare theobjects in ‘Version Management’ and decide weather to ‘Reset to Original’ or ‘AdaptModification’. The ‘Adapt Modification is however slightly different for codes –Function modules, reports etc. In adapt modification, the SPAU gives us the emptyspace to write our code – by having a reference to the code in previous request, wecan decide and write the code with some corrections when required. This is in thecase of objects present in ‘Without Modification Assistant’. In case of ‘Withmodification Assistant’, it opens a the program code in grey mode and we can insertor delete or modify code by pressing corresponding buttons in a similar way we do tomodify any SAP standard code by using the access key. The objects present in SPAUdo not require any access key for a period of around 15-20 days after which SAPautomatically locks those codes and after this locking, if we want to change or deleteany code in SPAU objects, we would require an access key. So it is a good practice tofinish the SPAU phase in 10-15 days time. In SPAU also, only one request is to bemade for all objects as a best practice.
Posted by lakshmi at8:55 PM Labels:SPDD SPAU 
3 comments:
vakkachan said...very nice post.I have one question from my side , is there is any way to find themodified standard programs/dictionary objects before we start upgrade so that wecan prepare before upgrade ?February 8, 2009 6:09 AMJeff said...Very good explanation. I have a question. We did SPDD then Up grade phases,then SPAU. My problem is that in our haste, we threw some SPAU objects into

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