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Production Systems

Production Systems

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Published by syed Muntazir naqvi

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Published by: syed Muntazir naqvi on Feb 10, 2010
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11/07/2010

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Productivity & Quality Management
PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Production systems represent knowledge in the form of facts and rules, and there isalmost always a sharp syntactic distinction between the twoThere are four common types of basic production systems: the
, the
continuous system
, the
project system
and
Mass system
. In the batch system, general- purpose equipment and methods are used to produce small quantities of output (goods or services) with specifications that vary greatly from one batch to the next.
1. Batch System
Batch System is a computer software job scheduler that allocates network resources to batchjobs. It can schedule jobs to execute on networked, multi-platformUNIX  environments.
Foxboro Batch Production Systems Control
Foxboro's I/A Series Batch Suite is the industry's most functionally complete family of unified batch automation components.It provides a true scalable client/server environment with capabilities for materialstracking and traceability, short-term scheduling, dynamic batch and equipmentmanagement, batch history, and reporting. This powerful array of features produces key benefits that dramatically improve your plant's economic performance:1.
Reduced Life-CycleEngineering Effort
2.
Faster Time to Market
3.
Increased ProductionFlexibility
4.
The industry's most completeselection of support services,
5.
Comprehensive configurationtools6.Advanced technology
7.
Experienced
batch professionals
FOXBORO
has been involved in batch process automation for more than half a century.Just as you're an expert on batch processing, we're experts in automating complex batchoperations. With Foxboro, you get a unique combination of skills, experience, andadvanced technological solutions unavailable from any other supplier.
2. Project System
Both large scale projects, such as building a factory, and small-scale projects, such asorganizing a trade fair, require precise planning of the many detailed activities involved.The project manager has the job of ensuring that the project is executed efficiently, ontime, and within budget - which he or she achieves by ensuring that the requiredresources and funds are available as and when needed.1
 
Productivity & Quality Management
Projects are generally part of the internal processes of a company. To be able to controlall tasks in project execution, you need an organizational form that is specific to the project and which is shared by all departments involved. Before you can carry out a project in its entirety, the project goals must be precisely described and the projectactivities to be carried out must be structured. A clear, unambiguous project structure isthe basis for successful project planning, monitoring, and control.
You structure your project per the following points of view:
By structures, using a work breakdownstructure (WBS)
By process, using individualactivities (work packages
Project managers usually distinguish between two types of project:
Externally financed projects
Customer projects
Internally financed projects
Overhead cost projects
Capital investment projects
3. Mass production
 
(Also called
flow production
,
repetitive flow production
, or 
series production
) is the production of large amounts of standardized products on production lines. It was popularized byHenry Fordin the early 20th Century, notably in hisFord Model T.Mass  production typically uses moving tracks or conveyor belts to move partially complete products to workers, who perform simple repetitive tasks to permit very high rates of  production per worker, allowing the high-volume manufacture of inexpensive finishedgoods. Mass production iscapital intensive, as it uses a high proportion of machinery inrelation to workers. With fewer labors costs and a faster rate of production, capital isincreased while expenditure is decreased. However the machinery that is needed to set upa mass production line is so expensive that there must be some assurance that the productis to be successful so the company can get a return on its investment. Machinery for mass production such asrobotsandmachine presseshas high installation costs as well.
Establishing a Mass Production System
Except for Toyota and Fuji Seimitsu, Japanese manufacturers had, since 1953, producedcars through tie-ups with overseas manufacturers, as we have seen with the NissanAustin, the Isuzu Hillman, and the Hino Renault. But beginning in 1955, while Japanesemanufacturers were acquiring the necessary technologies and starting to produce cars thatwere entirely domestically made, there were already moves to discontinue these tie-uparrangements. Nissan ceased production of Austin cars in 1959, and when Hino and Isuzu followed suitin 1965, the same year that passenger car imports were liberalized, the "era of technological tie-ups" finally came to an end.2

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