The Intifada revived the Green LineWithin the Israeli discourse.
In September 2000, following the failure of the CampDavid Summit and Sharon’s visit to the Temple Mount,spontaneous and violent demonstrations erupted inthe occupied territories.The Israeli army used snipers against the demonstrators.Within several weeks, hundreds of Palestinianswere killed.In November, the first suicide bomber blew himself upin Jerusalem.The situation deteriorated rapidly. Attacks and counterattacks, assassinations, tank assaults and missiles inPalestinian towns and suicide bombings in Israeli towns.More and more Israelis demanded complete physicalseparation from the Palestinians.The government could not oppose the intense demand,and the separation project was launched.The Israeli public assumed that the separation wallwould follow the Green Line and become the borderbetween two states.In July 2002, the first bulldozers started biting into thelands of the village of Salem, close to Jenin. For thefirst few kilometers, the wall’s path closely followed theGreen Line, but progress was slowed by the furiousopposition of right wing ministers, who fought to changeits course to include as many settlements as possible.When the extreme right wing government was electedin January 2003, the entire political map of Israelchanged. With it changed the path of the wall, awayfrom the public eye.The settlers, who had been violently opposed to thewall, became its strongest supporters when they wereshown the new maps. Actually, they were activelyinvolved in designing the new path.45In the early stages of construction, way before anyseparation has been achieved, the wall is causingimmense damage.
Palestinians are barred in enclaves, in severeviolation of their rights under international law.
villages are separated from their means of livelihood.
acres of Palestinian land were confiscated.
olive trees were uprooted.
water wells, producing 4 million m
per year wereconfiscated.
meters of water infrastructure were destroyedby the bulldozers.