HOW IS WINE MADE?
Grapes grow on vines. There are many different types of grapes, but the best wine grapeis the European Vitis vinifera. It is considered optimal because it has the right balance of sugar and acid to create a good fermented wine without the addition of sugar or water.
Weather is a major factor is determining whether a year is going to be a "good vintage"(or "year"). For example, was there enough heat during the growing season to lead toenough sugar? At harvest time, the short-term effects of weather are quite important. To produce great wine, the fruit should have a high (but not overly high) sugar content("brix"). Think of raisins.As the fruit dries, the water evaporates. What is left is the sugary fruit. If it rains just atthe point the wine grapes are ready, and before the grapes can be harvested, the additionalwater will cause the water level to increase, and the brix will go down. Not good. (Youmight ask, why not just add some sugar in the wine making process? Some do. Alsoconsidered "not good.")Every year the wine grape grower plays a game of chance and must decide when toharvest. Simplistically, if you knew it wasn't going to rain, you would just test the brixuntil it was just right, then harvest. If you harvest too soon, you will probably end upgetting a wine too low in alcohol content (there won't have been enough sugar to convertto alcohol). These wines will be "thin." If you delay harvest, there may be too muchsugar, which leads to too low acid content. This also affects the taste (and the aging possibilities) of the wine.
INITIAL PROCESSING OF THE GRAPE JUICE
Grapes can (and might still) be
by stomping on them with your feet in a big vat.But a more practical way is to use a machine which does the job (and at the same time,removes the stems).What you get may or may not get immediately separated. Skin and seeds mightimmediately be removed from the juice. Separation may not immediately occur