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HIV/AIDS Guide for the Mining Sector: A Resource for Developing Stakeholder Competency and Compliance in Mining Communities in Southern Africa

HIV/AIDS Guide for the Mining Sector: A Resource for Developing Stakeholder Competency and Compliance in Mining Communities in Southern Africa

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Published by IFC Sustainability
Southern Africa is particularly affected by HIV/AIDS. The disease already has a major impact in the economies in the region and especially on the mining sector, which is a key business driver. With funding from the Canadian development agency CIDA, IFC has commissioned from Golder Associates an HIV/AIDS Resource Guide for the mining sector - a resource for developing stakeholder competency in mining communities in Southern Africa. The Guide contains 23 intervention strategies that collectively comprise a comprehensive workplace response.

The Guide is an integral tool of the "IFC Against AIDS" program, which was launched in 2000 as part of IFC's commitment to sustainable development. The program helps clients understand the multiple impacts of the disease and provides guidance for corporate HIV/AIDS Action Plans. IFC's anti-AIDS approach pays special attention to a company's specific needs and resources, as well as existing corporate experiences and good practices.
Southern Africa is particularly affected by HIV/AIDS. The disease already has a major impact in the economies in the region and especially on the mining sector, which is a key business driver. With funding from the Canadian development agency CIDA, IFC has commissioned from Golder Associates an HIV/AIDS Resource Guide for the mining sector - a resource for developing stakeholder competency in mining communities in Southern Africa. The Guide contains 23 intervention strategies that collectively comprise a comprehensive workplace response.

The Guide is an integral tool of the "IFC Against AIDS" program, which was launched in 2000 as part of IFC's commitment to sustainable development. The program helps clients understand the multiple impacts of the disease and provides guidance for corporate HIV/AIDS Action Plans. IFC's anti-AIDS approach pays special attention to a company's specific needs and resources, as well as existing corporate experiences and good practices.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: IFC Sustainability on Feb 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

 
Page i
Contents
 Acknowledgements
..........................................................................................................v
Foreword by Peter Woicke,
Executive Vice President of the InternationalFinance Corporation .............................................................................................................vii
Foreword by Clem Sunter,
Chairman of the Anglo American Chairman’s Fund ................ix
The International Finance Corporation and IFC Against AIDS
................................xi
 Acronyms
...........................................................................................................................xiii
Section One: HIV/AIDS Guide for the Mining Sector: What, Why and How?
......1Introducing the
HIV/AIDS
 
Guide for the Mining Sector
.......................................................2What is the
HIV/AIDS Guide
 
for the Mining Sector
? ......................................................2Why was the
Guide
developed? ......................................................................................2For whom was the
Guide
developed? ..............................................................................2Why focus on contractors? ...............................................................................................3How to use the
Guide
? ....................................................................................................3How was the
Guide
developed? ......................................................................................3Overview of the
Guide
.........................................................................................................4Contents of the
Guide
.....................................................................................................4Format of the sub-sections or interventions ......................................................................4The mining sector and the HIV/AIDS epidemic .....................................................................7The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Southern Africa ......................................................................7HIV/AIDS and the workplace ...........................................................................................10HIV/AIDS and the mining sector in Southern Africa ..........................................................12Framework for a “blue-chip” response to HIV/AIDS ..............................................................17Roadmap towards a “blue-chip” response to HIV/AIDS .........................................................19Quick reference for contractors ............................................................................................20Template for customising the
Guide
......................................................................................24
Section Two: Management Strategies
...........................................................................27Organisational HIV/AIDS audit ..............................................................................................28Workplace HIV/AIDS policy ..................................................................................................38Co-ordinator and workplace HIV/AIDS structure ...................................................................50HIV/AIDS leadership and management commitment ............................................................57HIV/AIDS legal compliance ...................................................................................................61Behavioural surveillance the KAP survey .............................................................................68Biological HIV surveillance - the prevelance survey ...............................................................74HIV/AIDS risk and impact assessment ...................................................................................81Managing the human resource implications of the HIV/AIDS epidemic .................................91HIV/AIDS corporate social investment ...................................................................................97
Section Three: Workplace HIV/AIDS Programme
 .......................................................105Prevention through behaviour change communication ..........................................................106Peer education .....................................................................................................................113Condom promotion and distribution .....................................................................................122
 
Page ii
Sexually transmitted infection (STI) management ...................................................................129Safe working environment ....................................................................................................134Voluntary counselling and HIV testing (VCT) .........................................................................139Prevention of mother to child transmission (of HIV) (PMTCT) ................................................147Wellness programme ............................................................................................................153Nutritional advice and support .........................................................................................155Lifestyle education ...........................................................................................................155Treatment of minor ailments ............................................................................................155Treatment of STIs .............................................................................................................155Reproductive health services for women ..........................................................................155Prevention and treatment of malaria ................................................................................155Prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections .......................................................156 Antiretroviral therapy (ART) .............................................................................................156Psychosocial support ........................................................................................................156Family support .................................................................................................................158Referral networks and partnerships ..................................................................................159Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) programme ......................................................166
Section Four: Outreach or External Response
.............................................................175The greater involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS (GIPA) ............................................176HIV/AIDS partnerships and collaborative relationships ..........................................................181HIV/AIDS networks ...............................................................................................................191Community entry strategies for HIV/AIDS interventions ........................................................196Community outreach projects ...............................................................................................205
Section Five: Measuring and Monitoring an HIV/AIDS Response
...........................215Monitoring, evaluating, recording and reporting an organisation’sHIV/AIDS response ...............................................................................................................216
 Appendices
........................................................................................................................229 Appendix One: Comparative country data .......................................................................230 Appendix Two: Fact sheet on the mining sector in Southern Africa ...................................233 Appendix Three: The IFC’s corporate roadmap on HIV/AIDS ..............................................236 Appendix Four: Resources, references and contacts ..........................................................238 Appendix Five: Glossary ...................................................................................................244
Contributors to the Guide
..............................................................................................251

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