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German Grammar Reference

German Grammar Reference

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Published by Justin Morgan
Pocket guide to the grammar of German. You should be familiar with this grammar already to make any use of this, since it is just a short guide.

See http://www.corfizz.com/#GrammarRefs for a foldable version.
Pocket guide to the grammar of German. You should be familiar with this grammar already to make any use of this, since it is just a short guide.

See http://www.corfizz.com/#GrammarRefs for a foldable version.

More info:

Published by: Justin Morgan on Apr 27, 2008
Copyright:Attribution

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08/19/2013

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E
MERGENCY
G
ERMAN
G
RAMMAR 
(
 NUR 
 
FÜR 
 
GRAMMATISCHE
N
ÖTFÄLLE
)
 
RONOUNS
 NomAccDatReflexiveAccReflexiveDatPossessiveadjectives
ichmichmirmichmirmein dudichdirdichdirdein er ihn ihmsich sichseinsie sieihrsich sichihr es esihmsich sichsein man einen einemsich sichseinwiruns uns uns unsunserihreuch euch euch eucheuersie sieihnensich sichihr
 A
RTICLE 
D
ECLENSION
MasculineFeminineNeuterPlural Nomd
er 
, ein
(-er)
1
di
e
, ein
e
das, ein,
(-es)
1
di
e
, (kein
e
)Accd
en
, ein
en
di
e
, ein
e
das, ein,
(-es)
1
di
e
, (kein
e
)Gend
es
, ein
es
2
d
er 
, ein
er 
d
es
, ein
es
2
d
er 
, (kein
er 
)Datd
em
, ein
em
d
er 
, ein
er 
d
em
, ein
em
d
en
, (kein
en
)
3
1.For declension of dies-, jen- and possessive pronouns.2.Add -s or -es to the noun.3.Add -n to the plural of the noun, if there isn’t one already.* Weak nouns, including
 Elefant, Student, Präsident, Soldat 
, add
en
in all cases except the nominative singular. All weak nouns aremasculine.
 Herr 
adds
n
in all singular cases except nominative.The genitive of 
das
 
 Herz 
is
des Herzens
.
 
 A
DJECTIVE 
D
ECLENSION
– 
WEAK 
 ,
MIXED
 ,
STRONG
MasculineFeminineNeuterPlural Nome, er, er e, e, ee, es, esen, en, e Accen, en, ene, e, ee, es, esen, en, e Genen, en, enen, en, er en, en, enen, en, er  Daten, en,emen, en,er en, en,emen, en, en
The weak declension is used for adjectives preceded by thedefinite article, dies-, jen-.
The mixed declension is used for adjectives preceded by ein-,kein- or a possessive adjective.
The strong declension is used when there is no determiner, i.e.nothing that shows the gender/number/case.
R
ELATIVE 
RONOUNS
The relative pronouns are the same as the definite articles, exceptin the genitive, for which the relative pronouns are
dessen
 
for masculine/neuter and
deren
for feminine/plural; and the dative plural, for which it is
denen
.
 Das ist der Mann, dessen Buch auf Spanisch veröffentlicht ist.
Sehen Sie die Bäume, hinter denen viele Leute heimlich versteckt  sind.
I
NTERROGATIVE 
ORDS
Wer 
– who? (nominative)
Wen
– whom? (accusative)
Wem
– whom? (dative)
Wessen
– whose? (genitive)
Was
– what? (nom./acc.)
Wie
– how?
Wann
– when?
Warum
/
wieso
– why?
Welch
- – which? (declined likedieser)
G
ENDER
: compound nouns take the gender of the last word in thecompound, e.g.
Wörterbuch
is neuter since
 Buch
is neuter.
O
-
ORDINATING
ONJUNCTIONS
:
 
und, sondern, aber, denn, oder 
.

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