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Published by: DEST on Apr 27, 2008
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COMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyAbbottabad
REG # SP08-Bcs -018
Allah has provided all the resources for the well-being of man. It is man’sduty to fulfill his material needs through his own efforts. Quran says
Seek with the wealth which Allah has bestowed on thee, the home of thehereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world; but do thou good
”(28:77)In Islam, there is no concept of the accumulation of wealth at one place or inthe hands of the few. Quran encourages instead the circulation of wealth inall directions.
In Holy Quran Allah says:Eat of the good things and do good deeds- 2:168.Allah ordered for eating good things before doing good deeds. The object of this order is eating of lawful things.Don’t eat properties of one another unjustly-2:188.O believers, fear Allah and give up what remains of interest (usury) if youare believes-2.278.
If you do not do it, then be prepared to fight with Allah and HisProphet”2:289
.Then He says : If you repent, then for you is the capital. Then He said: Thosewho turn away from that are the inmates of Hell. They will abide therein. Atfirst, eating of interest (usury) , then call for fight with Allah and His Apostleand last of all residing in Hell have been mentioned. There are innumerableverses regarding lawful and unlawful things.
Rasulullah (sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said :It is compulsory on every Muslim to seek lawful earnings. Rasulullah(sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said : He who makes efforts to maintain hisfamily out of lawful earnings is like a fighter in the way of Allah and he whoseeks lawful earnings after restraining himself will get the rank of a martyr If a man eats lawful food for forty days, Allah illumines his heart and letsflow wisdom from his heart through his tongue.Allah grants him renunciation in the world. Once Sayyidna Sa’ad said toRasulullah (sallallaho alaihe wasallam) Pray to Allah that He may accept myinvocation. Rasulullah (sallallaho alaihe wasallam) said : Eat lawful food andfor that your invocation will be accepted.Rasulullah (sallallaho alaihe wasallam) mentioned about the worldlyaddicted men and said :There are many men who have got dishevelled hairs, dust laden dresses, aretired in journey, whose food is unlawful, whose dress in unlawful, and whohave been maintained by unlawful food. If they raise their hands and say: ‘OLord ‘ O Lord how can their invocation be accepted ?:An angel residing in Baitul Muqaddas proclaims every night: Saraf and Adalwill not be accepted from a person who eats unlawful food. Saraf meansoptional and sunnat actions and Adal means compulsory duties. In other words, compulsory duties and optional duties will not be accepted from him.: If a man purchases a cloth with ten dirhams and if one dirham out of themis unlawful, his prayer will not be accepted till a portion of that cloth remainsin his body. The fire of Hell is fit for the flesh which has been grown byunlawful food.if a man does not care where from he earns his wealth, Allah will not care bywhich path he will enter Hell. He said : There are ten shares of worship, nineof which are in lawful earnings.He who passes times upto evening in search of lawful earnings passes thenight in a state of his sins being forgiven and rises at dawn when Allahremains pleased with him.If a man earns by sinful acts and gives it in charity or action of an kindnessor spends it in the way of Allah. Allah will throw him into Hell after collecting everything.:The best of your religion is to keep away from unlawful things. He said : If aman meets Allah after refraining from unlawful things. Allah will give himreward of the entire Islam. In an earlier scripture, Allah said with regard tothose who refrained from unlawful food : I feel ashamed to take their accounts.
One dirham of interest (usury) is more serious to Allah than thirtyfornication.: Stomach is the fountain of body and the veins come out of it. When thestomach is sound, the veins come out with health, and when it is unsound,they come out with disease. Food in religion is like the foundation of a building. When the foundation is strong and firm, the building stands straightand it can be raised up, and if the foundation is weak and curved, the building inclines to a side.Allah says: Is not he who establishes Fear of Allah and Allah’s pleasure inthe foundation of his religion better than he who lays foundation by the sideof Hell fire ?
Economic life in Islam is based upon the Divine laws of Quran. As itencourages lawful earning, it condemns unlawful means. It states:
Eat of the lawful things that Allah has given to you
."(Al Maida 5 :88)
And do not look at what Allah has given to others
.” (Al Hijr 15:38)Following Verse prevents man from rivalry amongst another and avoids thelove of the world, wealth and its pleasures. It is futile for man to involvehimself in these perishable activities, which would lead him towards greedand ultimately compel him to earn money through unlawful and corruptmeans. Quran says
And swallow not up the property of others by false means
." (Al Baqarah2:188)
Approach not the property of an orphan except in the best manner,until the orphan attains maturity
.” (Al Anam 6:153)Quran forbids bribery, gambling and usury as
Nor use it as a bait for the judges with intent that you may eat upwrongfully and knowingly a little of other people’s property
.” (2:188).The Prophet said
Taking bribes is like eating the flesh of swine
.”He once again said
The curse of Allah is on the giver and taker of bribes

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