Some of the representative leading figures in moderngeometry are Michael Atiyah, Mikhail Gromov, andWilliam Thurston. Geometry now is, in large part, thestudy of
on manifolds, that have a geometricmeaning in the sense of the principle of covariance thatlies at the root of general relativity theory, intheoretical physics.
Contemporary Euclidean geometry
The study of traditional Euclidean geometry is by no means dead. It isnow typically presented as the geometry of Euclidean spaces of anydimension, and of the Euclidean group of rigid motions. Thefundamental formulae of geometry, such as the Pythagorean theorem,can be presented in this way for a general inner product space.Euclidean geometry has become closely connected withcomputational geometry, computer graphics, discrete geometry, andsome areas of combinatorics. Momentum was given to further work on Euclidean geometry and the Euclidean groups by crystallographyand the work of H. Geometric group theory is an expanding area of the theory of more general discrete groups, drawing on geometricmodels and algebraic techniques.
The field of algebraic geometry is the modern incarnation of theCartesian geometry of co-ordinates.